the book of Ezekiel the Spirit of the Lord is an active force, through the Him,
Ezekiel reveals an unseen world. In Chapters 8 and
9, Ezekiel is taken from the captivity of Babylon back to
Jerusalem, to witness the events taking place in secret. He reported how the
leaders in Israel were secretly worshipping idols, claiming the Lord cannot
see. In chapter 9, he shows how the angels in the spiritual realm mark those in
Jerusalem, who will be saved from death, when Babylon attacks. Ezekiel, like
John in the book of Revelation, is reporting what he sees. Ezekiel becomes our
eyes as the Spirit of God reveals to Ezekiel future events.
Ezekiel was in the midst of a fallen people, the city of Jerusalem
and the Temple had just been destroyed by Babylon. Most of Israel
and Judah had perished, those left were survivors. There seemed
little hope as these survivors were captives and “Labor” along the
Chebar River in Babylon. In this helpless and hopeless condition,
the Spirit of the Lord takes Ezekiel into a vision of the future. At
the end of this fallen age, Israel will be restored and be a great
nation. Through a vision God shows Ezekiel how his nation will one
day be restored.
God give Ezekiel an illustration of the future using two sticks.
Ezekiel take two stick one representing Judah, and one representing
the northern kingdom of Israel. God tells Ezekiel, ”join the sticks”
together in his hand; these sticks represent the future union of the
divided tribes under the name Israel. There will no longer two
tribes but one nation, called “Israel”. The Israelites were taken
captive by Assyria in 722 B.C., while Judah was taken captive in
605, 597 and 586 B.C. by Babylon. Now both tribes were in the same
land, since Babylon defeated Assyria. In the future, the nation
would be known as Israel.
they resettle the land of Israel, they would resettle it as one
people. Only twice since the Babylonian captivity, did a Jewish
nation exist, once during the Maccabean period (164-63 B.C.) and
once in our day (1948- Current). Only in our day, did the Jewish
kingdom have the name Israel, thus beginning to fulfill the words of
Ezekiel written 2600-years ago.
words of this prophecy will only completely be fulfilled in the
Millennium, when Israel receives the blessing of the Covenant
(Deuteronomy 28:1). Then the concluding words of this chapter will
be fulfilled as the nations will know the Lord is the one who
“Separated” or “Sanctified” Israel.
Vision of the
valley of Dry Bones
1 The hand of the
Lord came upon me and brought me out in the Spirit of the Lord,
and set me down in the midst of the valley; and it was
full of bones.
2 Then He
caused me to pass by them all around, and behold, there were
very many in the open valley; and indeed they were very dry.
3 And He said to
me, "Son of man, can these bones live?" So I answered, "O
Lord God, You know." Ezekiel 37:1-3
The hand of
In chapter 33,
we see the fulfillment of God’s Word against Jerusalem, as a
survivor of its destruction arrives at Babylon, where Ezekiel words
are confirmed. Jerusalem and the Temple have been completely
destroyed. For the survivors and the captives in Babylon, it might
have seemed Israel has ceased to by a nation. However, God is true
to His words, Israel would not cease to be a nation despite its
The Lord is
the maker of Israel, the same Lord who with his hands constructed
the universe, the same Lord would one day establish the descendents
of Jacob again. Here the “Hand” (dy
hand) comes upon Ezekiel. This term is used 7-times in Ezekiel.
out in the Spirit:
The hand of the
Lord and the Spirit of God work in unison, taking Ezekiel into the
“spiritual realms”. Ezekiel is removed from his physical body and
taken forward in time into Israel’s future.
chapters 8 to 11,
Ezekiel is before the captives and is taken by the spirit of God to
Jerusalem, while his body remains before the captivity. He returns
and testifies against Israel’s sins in chapters 12-24. In chapters
25 to 32, he testifies against the nations. Here he testifies how
God will bless Israel in the future, for the benefit of the nations.
Through, Israel restorations, the nations may one day “know” the
me down in the midst of the valley;
brought to a valley, for a valley to exist you need two hills,
since the valley is in its midst. Hills are also known as mountains
in the Bible, for example Mount Zion, and Mount Moriah are really
hills. These two hills that the bones are in the midst in could
represent the expanse of time between the first and second coming.
During this time, Israel is scattered and broken as a people, for
all intensive purposes they are dead as a nation.
The fullness of
dead represents the extent of time past, and the totality of the
death between these two hills. Seeing a skeleton of bones represents
death, we can not help to think, once these bones were alive, but
now they are dead.
He caused me:
Ezekiel was caused to tour the bones, to walk around the them, look
at them and examine them.
tells us there were many and they were very dry. For bones to dry
takes time and exposure. The picture here is of the bones exposed
over a long period of time, out in the open. God wants Ezekiel to
report the details of what he sees. To imagine a graveyard of open
exposed bones to the sun.
For bones to
come back to life is an impossibility, there are to many factors
involved. For the secular world, its impossible. For God, who made
humanity and the universe, bringing the dead to life is in His
In the Old
Testament, the promise and the power of resurrection on a large and
general scale is found only 4-times. In
Isaiah 26:19-21, Daniel 12:2-3, and
Ezekiel, the question that only He has the power to answer, from a
human perspective its impossible. God alone can bring the dead to
4 Again He said
to me, "Prophesy to these bones, and say to them, 'O dry
bones, hear the word of the Lord!
5 'Thus says the
Lord God to these bones: "Surely I will cause breath to enter
into you, and you shall live.
6 "I will put
sinews on you and bring flesh upon you, cover you with skin and
put breath in you; and you shall live. Then you shall know that I
am the Lord." ' "
7 So I prophesied
as I was commanded; and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and
suddenly a rattling; and the bones came together, bone to bone.
8 Indeed, as I
looked, the sinews and the flesh came upon them, and the skin
covered them over; but there was no breath in them.
9 Also He said to
me, "Prophesy to the breath, prophesy, son of man, and say to
the breath, 'Thus says the Lord God: "Come from the four winds, O
breath, and breathe on these slain, that they may live." ' " Ezekiel 37:4-9
Ezekiel is God’s
prophet and watchman to the house whole house of Israel (Ezekiel
33:7). Standing in the midst of the dry bones, God tells Ezekiel to
speak out to bones. Ezekiel is empowered by the Spirit of God, as
God’s representative. He is speaking to the “dead bones” of the
house of Israel. Through the centuries Ezekiel speaks today to
skeptical, secular, hard hearted Israel. He told to command the
bones to “hear the word of the Lord”. The reason they are dead
bones is because they refuse to listen.
Hear the word
of the Lord:
The Hebrew word
for “hear” is
The “Shama” is Deuteronomy 6;4-9, where the nation is told to
listen to God. Here the dead bones are told to listen to Ezekiel,
I will cause
breath to enter into you:
God promises the dead bones in the open field, they shall have
breath and live. The bones are the house of Israel, the promise is
the nation shall come to life again.
I will put
Sinews are the
muscles that allow the bones to move
know that I am the Lord:
The promise is
not only the life to these dead bones, but a relationship with the
Lord. They will know “The Lord”, this was not the case before.
They did not know the Lord, which is why Ezekiel prophesied their
destruction. Their knowledge of the Lord is future tense, after
they are brought back to life. First the bones are assembled, and
then the muscles then the flesh, then the breath or spirit, then
they shall know.
As I looked:
Ezekiel then beholds the miracle of God’s creation, as the bones,
muscles and skin come together to form bodies, but absent from the
bodies is breath or spirit. Therefore God instructs Ezekiel to
command the “breath” to breath on the slain of Israel.
At this point
Ezekiel sees the bodies, where he once saw bones; there is no life
yet in the bodies. Ezekiel as the watchman is given power over the
winds to commanding them to come upon these slain. The word used
for breath (xwr
meanings; it can mean breath, wind, mind or spirit. These bodies
have no breath and no spirit, they are now only bodies. As God
breathed into the lifeless body of Adam, he became a living spirit,
the same here. God will breathe into the lifeless nation and they
become a living nation. A nation who will, “know that I am the
7 And the Lord
God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his
nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.
house of Israel
10 So I
prophesied as He commanded me, and breath came into them, and they
lived, and stood upon their feet, an exceedingly great army.
11 Then He said
to me, "Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel.
They indeed say, 'Our bones are dry, our hope is lost, and we
ourselves are cut off!'
prophesy and say to them, 'Thus says the Lord God: "Behold, O My
people, I will open your graves and cause you to come up from
your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.
13 "Then you
shall know that I am the Lord, when I have opened your graves, O My
people, and brought you up from your graves.
14 "I will put
My Spirit in you, and you shall live, and I will place you in
your own land. Then you shall know that I, the Lord, have spoken it
and performed it," says the Lord.' "
exceedingly great army:
The bodies now
become an army, an army for who or what? Israel, the descendents
of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, were chosen by God to be a peculiar
people to accomplish his plan of redemption in the fallen and lost
world. God called them a kingdom of priests. They were to be
distinct in the earth, they were to be God’s earthly army against
this fallen world. This would only happen when they “obey My voice
and keep My covenant”.
5 'Now therefore,
if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you
shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the
earth is Mine.
6 'And you shall
be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the
words which you shall speak to the children of Israel."
failed to do this in the days of Ezekiel, however a future nation,
will one day be obedient and blessed when they turn to Messiah.
They will be the Lord’s army against a fallen world. They will
represent the Lord. David, when he confronted the Philistines,
understood the battle was not between Israel and the Philistines
but between God’s army and the armies of the Philistines.
45 Then David
said to the Philistine, "You come to me with a sword, with a spear,
and with a javelin. But I come to you in the name of the Lord of
hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.
46 "This day the
Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you and take
your head from you. And this day I will give the carcasses of the
camp of the Philistines to the birds of the air and the wild beasts
of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in
47 "Then all this
assembly shall know that the Lord does not save with sword and
spear; for the battle is the Lord's, and He will give you
into our hands." I Samuel 17:45-47
whole house of Israel:
In the last
days, Israel will be revived and oppose the nations. The bones in
the open valley represent the “whole” house of Israel. Notice, this
would include the so called “lost tribes” they have been gathered
along with the captives of Judah and are included in this group. Isaiah 34 describes this conflict of the world and
Israel (Zion) in the last days.
1 Come near, you
nations, to hear; And heed, you people! Let the earth hear, and all
that is in it, The world and all things that come forth from it.
2 For the
indignation of the Lord is against all nations, And His fury
against all their armies; He has utterly destroyed them, He has
given them over to the slaughter.
8 For it is the
day of the Lord's vengeance, The year of recompense for the cause
of Zion. Isaiah 34:1-2,8
The descendents of Israel in the nations, have lost hope. Think of
the conditions Israel has faced over the last 2000-years.
Persecution, holocaust, pogroms, exile are just some of the many
events Israel faced during this valley. The dead bones represent
this desperate people who dead and have no hope.
O My people,
I will open your graves:
God is the one
who calls Israel forth from the grave. God resurrects the nation.
Israel becoming a nation is also a demonstration of the
resurrection, and the messianic nature of the nation restoration.
In the days of the Messiah (Daniel 12:2-3), will be the days of the
resurrection. God is the force behind the restoration of Israel
from the nations.
into the land of Israel:
of the land of Israel in God’s plan cannot be understated. Through
the physical land and his literal promises, God will accomplish His
word and bring redemption into a fallen world.
Jeremiah 12:15, Jeremiah 16:14-15,
Jeremiah 31:8-10, Hosea 1:10-11, Hosea
11:9-10, Amos 9:9,
Micah 5:3-4, Zechariah 2:6-9,
I will put My
Spirit in you:
The Holy Spirit
will be put into the lifeless people who once were dead bones cast
off and without hope. The Spirit of God is the promise of the New
Covenant, which corresponds to the restoration of the nation.
Jeremiah also links the future fellowship of Israel with the God of
Israel as part of the “New Covenant”. God’s law will be in the
hearts and minds of the people, because they will have His Spirit.
The “Church” has received the covenant blessing of Israel, when the
Jews rejected Jesus as their Messiah at the first coming. Israel in
the last days will finally know Jesus Christ, when they acknowledge
Him in the last days.
31 "Behold, the
days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with
the house of Israel and with the house of Judah
32 not according
to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I
took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My
covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the
33 "But this is
the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those
days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it
on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My
and relationship of the Lord, follows their being placed in the land
first. When they receive the Spirit, they will be “Born Again” as a
nation and people. This is the same event for all people who are
“Born Again”, the Spirit of God allows them to have a relationship
with God, through the saving work of Jesus Christ. The focus here
is the Messianic Kingdom, when Israel will know and have a
relationship with the Lord God, through Jesus Christ, the King of
Israel. God has Ezekiel, prophesy again (vs. 15), because God is
reinforcing this future dynamic relationship between Israel, the
land and Himself.
23 "But the hour
is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the
Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to
24 "God is
Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and
truth." John 4:23-24
The two stick
of Ephraim and Judah
the word of the Lord came to me, saying,
16 "As for you,
son of man, take a stick for yourself and write on it: 'For
Judah and for the children of Israel, his companions.' Then take
another stick and write on it, 'For Joseph, the stick of
Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel, his companions.'
17 "Then join
them one to another for yourself into one stick, and they will
become one in your hand.
18 "And when the
children of your people speak to you, saying, 'Will you not show us
what you mean by these?'-
19 "say to them,
'Thus says the Lord God: "Surely I will take the stick of Joseph,
which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel, his
companions; and I will join them with it, with the stick of Judah,
and make them one stick, and they will be one in My hand." '
20 "And the
sticks on which you write will be in your hand before their eyes.
emphases the “Born Again” nation of Spirit filled Hebrews, along
with further details, which will be made clear in prophesies to
Take a stick:
stick is a dead piece of wood, like the dead bones laying on the
ground. One stick represents Judah and the children of Israel “his
companions”. Within Judah was Simon and later Benjamin came to
be associated with Judah.
The other stick
represented the northern Kingdom the 10 tribes, which were taken
into captivity by the Assyrians in 722 B.C. When Babylon defeated
Assyria, the tribes of Israel became part of the Judean captivity.
So the term “Jew” which means “Judean” came to apply to the who
house of Israel not just Judah.
Join them one
modeling God to the captivity. He was joining the two sticks into
one. He was showing the bonding of the 12-tribes into one
collective nation. They were one in Ezekiel’s hand; Ezekiel hand
represented one nation in God’s hand.
Israel gathered from the nations
21 "Then say to
them, 'Thus says the Lord God: "Surely I will take the children
of Israel from among the nations, wherever they have gone, and
will gather them from every side and bring them into their own land;
22 "and I will
make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel;
and one king shall be king over them all; they shall no
longer be two nations, nor shall they ever be divided into two
23 "They shall
not defile themselves anymore with their idols, nor with their
detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions; but I will
deliver them from all their dwelling places in which they have
sinned, and will cleanse them. Then they shall be My people, and
I will be their God.
24 "David My
servant shall be king over them, and they shall all have one
shepherd; they shall also walk in My judgments and observe My
statutes, and do them.
25 "Then they
shall dwell in the land that I have given to Jacob My servant, where
your fathers dwelt; and they shall dwell there, they, their
children, and their children's children, forever; and My servant
David shall be their prince forever.
I will take
the children of Israel from among the nations:
The gathering of
Israel from the nations is an event fulfilled twice in the history
of Israel. The first time after the Babylonian captivity, when Cyrus
the Great allowed the Jews to return to Israel (Ezra Chapter 1),
Ezra and Nehemiah cover the extent of this restoration. The second
time was in 1948 A.D., when the Jewish nation was formed from the
Jews gathered from the nations.
has designated this land to belong to the Jewish people, since God
made the world and the universe; He alone has the right to decide
who own what. In this case, God has given the land of Israel to the
descendents of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, despite the world rejection
of the biblical claim.
will be one united kingdom, as opposed to a northern and southern
kingdom, there will still be divisions of tribes according to
Ezekiel, but the nation will be one. One aspect of this is
fulfilled today, but a greater fulfillment will take place in the
time of the Messiah, who will be King of Israel
shall be king over them all; To
one degree this is fulfilled today. There is one leader over the
nation of Israel. Ultimately this will be fulfilled by the “son of
David” who will rule on the throne of David for eternity.
16 And it shall
come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came
against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the
King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. Zechariah 14:16
7 Of the increase
of His government and peace There will be no end, Upon the throne
of David and over His kingdom, To order it and establish it with
judgment and justice From that time forward, even forever. The zeal
of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
15 'In those days
and at that time I will cause to grow up to David A Branch of
righteousness; He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the
16 In those
days Judah will be saved, And Jerusalem will dwell safely. And
this is the name by which she will be called: THE LORD OUR
RIGHTEOUSNESS.' Jeremiah 33:15-16
19 Now Pilate
wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was: JESUS OF
NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
20 Then many of
the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified
was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.
21 Therefore the
chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King
of the Jews,' but, 'He said, "I am the King of the Jews." ' "
not defile themselves anymore:
In view here is
the Millennium Kingdom, which is covered in
Ezekiel 40-48. They will not defile themselves
because, 1. They have the Spirit of God. 2. Because Satan is bound
for the thousand years. Israel will be the righteous nations of
and will be the capital nation and Jerusalem the capital city on the
earth in this day.
They shall be
My people, and I will be their God:
The spirit of
God will be in the people, therefore they will have a dynamic
relationship with the Lord their God.
King David will play a central role in the millennial Kingdom of
God. This either is referring to the Messiah the Son of David who
will be King, or as David will have authority of ruler in the
resurrected kingdom. Ultimately Messiah is King and David would
serve under his authority.
David shall be their prince forever:
David will have
an eternal official capacity. The word for prince is
one lifted up,
chief, prince, captain, leader.
For example, we
know in the age to come, the disciples will rule over the 12-tribes
of Israel as judges during the 1000-years.
28 So Jesus said
to them, "Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when the
Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me
will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of
Israel. Matthew 19:28
26 "Moreover I
will make a covenant of peace with them, and it shall be an
everlasting covenant with them; I will establish them and
multiply them, and I will set My sanctuary in their midst
tabernacle also shall be with them; indeed I will be their
God, and they shall be My people. 28 "The nations
also will know that I, the Lord, sanctify Israel, when My
sanctuary is in their midst forevermore
will make a covenant of peace with them:
The covenant of
peace is with the descendents of Israel, the two stick in the hand
of God. This was accomplished when Jesus came the first time, yet
Israel rejected Jesus as Messiah. At the Second Coming the Jewish
nation will acknowledge and cry out to the Lord Jesus Christ. Jesus
promised, they would not see Him again until they said of Him,
“Blessed is He who come in the name of the Lord”. Only at the end,
when the nation is broken of their pride will they cry out in
point the Jewish nation will be established in the “Covenant” of
peace, established at Calvary. Peace was accomplished when Jesus
paid the penalty of the worlds and Israel’s sin. Like every “Born
Again” believer, Israel must still acknowledge their sins and accept
Christ as Savior. Paul tells us this will happen at the “Fullness
of the Gentiles”.
25 For I do not
desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest
you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part
has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has
26 And so all
Israel will be saved, as it is written: "The Deliverer will come out
of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;
covenant is the “Gospel” the Good News of Jesus Christ the Messiah,
which Israel will finally have at the Second Coming. The Hebrew
word for everlasting is
meaning long duration, antiquity, futurity, for ever, ever,
everlasting, evermore, perpetual, old, ancient, world. This is the
“New” covenant of Jeremiah 31,
where the law of God is internalized, because the Spirit of God is
dwelling with every believer.
will set My sanctuary in their midst forevermore:
The sanctuary is
the “Throne of God”, the Mercy Seat in the Temple represented the
throne of God, in the age to come the physical throne of God will be
in Jerusalem. This is known as the Millennial Temple described in
5 The Spirit
lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the
glory of the Lord filled the temple.
6 Then I heard
Him speaking to me from the temple, while a man stood beside me.
7 And He said to
me, "Son of man, this is the place of My throne and the place of the
soles of My feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of
Israel forever. No more shall the house of Israel defile My holy
name, they nor their kings, by their harlotry or with the carcasses
of their kings on their high places.
They shall be
will be established and eternal with the children of Israel
also will know:
The nations will
also understand the role Israel played. They will know the Messiah,
they will not question Israel’s blessing.
means Holy or
separated. The “saved”, “Born Again” believers are grafted into the
New Covenant of Israel. So Israel is Holy because she is the
vehicle through Messiah of salvation for the world.
sanctuary, holy place. The Temple of God, the throne of the
Messiah, will rest in Jerusalem in the midst of Israel. This will
be in the Millennium and throughout the ages. In
Revelation 21-22, the New Jerusalem is the
dwelling of all saints who will dwell with The Lord for all eternity
in His Holy City.