Introduction Chapter 8-11
section of Ezekiel is a sad era in the history of Israel. The
Glory of the Lord led Israel out of Egypt. The Glory of the
Lord appeared to Moses, in the burning bush on Mt. Sinai (Exodus
3:3-4). He appeared to them in a cloud by day, and a pillar of fire
by night, the very presence of God, He nurtured Israel in the
wilderness providing food and water.
hundred years after Israel took possession of the land, they were
instructed to build a House for the presence of God in Jerusalem.
Solomon completed this Temple in 960 B.C., the presence of God, the
Glory of the Lord, affirmed and blessed the House, by filling it
with His presence.
10 And it came to pass, when the
priests came out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house
of the Lord,11 so that the priests could not continue ministering
because of the cloud; for the glory of the Lord filled the
house of the Lord. I Kings 8:10-11
Here in Ezekiel
chapters eight to eleven reveals how the presence of God, leaves His
Temple, Solomon’s Temple, because of the sins taking place. Before
He leaves, Ezekiel is brought to the Temple to witness why God’s
presence is leaving the Temple. Ezekiel testified to what the
nation’s leaders are doing in secret, thinking God did not know. He
witnesses the idolatry taking place in secret how the nation’s
leaders worshipped abominations in the Temple. God asks Ezekiel, “Have
you seen what the elders of the house of Israel are doing in the
darkness” (Ezekiel 8:12).
God then allows Ezekiel to see the
events in the spiritual realms; God calls His angelic “Guards” to
slay the idolaters in the city (Ezekiel 9). This action is later
fulfilled when the armies of Babylon destroy the city and slay its
inhabitants in 586 B.C.
the slaughter and judgment in the spiritual realms, Ezekiel cries
out asking God,
Lord God! Will You make a complete end of the remnant of Israel?"
(Ezekiel 11:12). God responds by promising a day of restoration,
even though they are judged, they will be restored, God will bring
them back to the land and put a “New Spirit in them”, they will be
given a “heart of flesh”, they will then be “my people”. Even
though the events seem bleak for the nation, God is not done with
Israel, they will be restored.
This restoration of obedience will
take place in the last days, the end-times, when Israel comes to
know their Messiah. Ezekiel 36
to 48 deals with these progression of events.
The date is
September 17th 592 B.C., more then one year after Ezekiel
is called in the 5th year of his captivity. Ezekiel is
taken back to the Temple in Jerusalem to witnesses what is taking
place in the darkness. The Spirit (Holy Spirit) allows Ezekiel to
testify against those in Jerusalem, as he reveals how the leading
men and women of have turned away from God. He shows how they have
turned the God’s House, into a house of idolatry.
leaders put idol images of abominations on the walls; they have
turned their backs to the Holy of Holies,
worshipping the Sun. Woman are weeping for the Babylonian/Assyrian
god Tammuz, God declares no mercy on these habitants.
The Glory of
the Lord takes Ezekiel to the Temple
And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on
the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the
elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD
fell upon me there. 2 Then I looked, and
there was a likeness, like the appearance of fire—from the
appearance of His waist and downward, fire; and from His waist and
upward, like the appearance of brightness, like the color of amber.
3 He stretched out the form of a hand, and
took me by a lock of my hair; and the Spirit lifted me up between
earth and heaven, and brought me in visions of God to Jerusalem, to
the door of the north gate of the inner court, where
the seat of the image of jealousy was, which provokes to
jealousy. 4 And behold, the glory of the
God of Israel was there, like the vision that I saw in the
plain. Ezekiel 8:1-3
called on the fifth day of the fourth month in the 5th
year of his captivity. This revelation is now taking place about
390-days after he was first called. Therefore at this time Ezekiel
is still lying on his side bearing the sins of Israel and Judah
(Ezekiel chapter 4). This is taking place One year and two month or
420-days after his call.
are the leaders of Judah; they like Ezekiel were taken into
captivity to Babylon in 597 B.C. This vision is taking place in his
house, while the leaders of Judah had come to see him.
Ezekiel is taken away in the spiritual realm by the “The Spirit”,
the description given could very well be the description of the
“Likeness” of the Holy Spirit or an angelic being which takes
Ezekiel to Jerusalem to witness the events taking place there. In
verse 4, he identifies the Glory of the Lord, while he the described
being is called the “Spirit”. This is the same “Spirit” which
allows Ezekiel to stand in the presence of the Glory of the Lord.
(Ezekiel 2:2, 3;14,24)
term is used for angelic beings, as well as the Holy Spirit. Every
person has a spirit; the identity of this Spirit seems to be the
Holy Spirit of God.
Ezekiel’s was taken to Jerusalem from Babylon, about 750-miles if
you went as the crow flies.
Seat of the
image of jealousy was:
Ezekiel is taken
to the door of the North Gate of the inner court where the leaders
of Israel had set up an image, to provoke God to jealousy. This is
an idol of Babylonian variety, Isaiah describes it as the “Eastern
ways” (Isaiah 2:6).
The Glory of
sees the Glory of Lord, as he saw in the plain, Ezekiel chapter 3.
witnesses the sin in the Temple
5 Then He said to me, “Son of man, lift
your eyes now toward the north.” So I lifted my eyes toward the
north, and there, north of the altar gate, was this image of
jealousy in the entrance.
6 Furthermore He said to me, “Son of man,
do you see what they are doing, the great abominations that the
house of Israel commits here, to make Me go far away from My
sanctuary? Now turn again, you will see greater abominations.”
7 So He brought me to the door of the court;
and when I looked, there was a hole in the wall. 8
Then He said to me, “Son of man, dig into the wall”; and when I dug
into the wall, there was a door.
9 And He said to me, “Go in, and see the
wicked abominations which they are doing there.”
10 So I went in and saw, and there—every sort of creeping
thing, abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel,
portrayed all around on the walls. 11 And
there stood before them seventy men of the elders of the
house of Israel, and in their midst stood Jaazaniah the son of
Shaphan. Each man had a censer in his hand, and a thick cloud of
incense went up. 12 Then He said to me,
“Son of man, have you seen what the elders of the house of Israel do
in the dark, every man in the room of his idols? For they say, ‘The
LORD does not see us, the LORD has forsaken the land.’” Ezekiel
Ezekiel is given
a guided tour of the sin of Israel. In the Temple court yard, at
the inner court. Through out the area the leaders of Jerusalem have
turned to idolatry as their hope abandoning the God of Israel for
the gods and goddesses of Babylon.
This was an idol
image, its exact nature is not specified,
were what became known as the Sanhedrin. The group of 70 was
established in the days of Moses (Exodus 24:1,9)
The Lord does
There view of
the God of Israel was little, His mercy was perceived as weakness.
weep for Tammuz
13 And He said to me, “Turn again, and
you will see greater abominations that they are doing.”
14 So He brought me to the door of the
north gate of the LORD’s house; and to my dismay, women were sitting
there weeping for Tammuz. Ezekiel 8:13-14
according to “Babylonian” rites would weep for the death of Tammuz.
The whole of Judah’s people had fallen away, including men, woman
and children in apostasy. The families of Judah had been corrupted,
the walls of the family unit were broken down, God would salvage
what could be saved through the destruction of Jerusalem.
The woman as
well as the men of Jerusalem had fallen into idolatry. Jeremiah who
lived in Jerusalem during this period confirms the apostasy of whole
17 "Do you not
see what they do in the cities of Judah and in the streets of
18 "The children
gather wood, the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead dough,
to make cakes for the queen of heaven; and they pour out drink
offerings to other gods, that they may provoke Me to anger. Jeremiah 7:17-18
Then He said to me, “Have you seen this, O son of man? Turn
again, you will see greater abominations than these.”
16 So He brought me into the inner court
of the LORD’s house; and there, at the door of the temple of
the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about
twenty-five men with their backs toward the temple of the LORD and
their faces toward the east, and they were worshiping the sun toward
17 And He said to me, “Have you seen
this, O son of man? Is it a trivial thing to the house of Judah
to commit the abominations which they commit here? For they have
filled the land with violence; then they have returned to provoke Me
to anger. Indeed they put the branch to their nose.
18 Therefore I also will act in fury. My
eye will not spare nor will I have pity; and though they cry in My
ears with a loud voice, I will not hear them.”
of the Lord’s house:
Ezekiel the extent of the apostasy, as he sees the 25-men, the
political leaders, called in chapter 11:1 the “princes of the
Their back to
the Temple’s eastern gate, they people faced the sun. King Josiah,
years earlier had tried to rid the land of these pagan gods, which
are explicitly condemned in the Deuteronomy 4:19,17:3. Ezekiel is the watchman,
witnessing the sins of the land to testify to God’s righteous
judgment against their sins.
5 Then he removed
the idolatrous priests whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn
incense on the high places in the cities of Judah and in the places
all around Jerusalem, and those who burned incense to Baal, to the
sun, to the moon, to the constellations, and to all the host of
6 And he brought
out the wooden image from the house of the Lord, to the Brook Kidron
outside Jerusalem, burned it at the Brook Kidron and ground it to
ashes, and threw its ashes on the graves of the common people.
2 Kings 23:5
I will not
God would close
His hearing to their pleas when the judgment begins, because of the
extent of their sin.
of the Lord, then calls the angels, who have “charge” over the
city with their deadly weapons. We are seeing events take place in
the spiritual realm; angels who were keeping track of the events
taking place in the city. Two groups of people were identified in
the city, one group marked for destruction and the other marked for
with an inkhorn goes throughout the city marking those who “sigh
and cry over all the abominations that are done within it”. God
is aware of the attitudes and actions taking place in the darkness,
he has angels, which keep track of our actions.
The Glory of
the Lord assembles the angels
Then He called out in my hearing with a loud voice, saying, “Let
those who have charge over the city draw near, each with a
deadly weapon in his hand.” 2 And suddenly
six men came from the direction of the upper gate, which faces
north, each with his battle-ax in his hand. One man among them
was clothed with linen and had a writer’s inkhorn at his side.
They went in and stood beside the bronze altar.
3 Now the glory of the God of Israel had
gone up from the cherub, where it had been, to the threshold of the
And He called to the man clothed with linen, who had the
writer’s inkhorn at his side; 4 and the
LORD said to him, “Go through the midst of the city, through the
midst of Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who
sigh and cry over all the abominations that are done within it.”
that Ezekiel has witnessed the cause for the judgment, God allows
Ezekiel to see then events take place.
These six men
are angels in the spiritual realm, who are the have “charge over the
city” the are called to come forward. One man will mark the people
in the city worth saving, those who mourn over the sins of
Jerusalem. They will be saved, everybody else will be killed when
the armies of Babylon come to conquer the city
are commanded to kill
5 To the others He said in my hearing, “Go
after him through the city and kill; do not let your eye spare, nor
have any pity. 6 Utterly slay old and
young men, maidens and little children and women; but do not come
near anyone on whom is the mark; and begin at My sanctuary.”
So they began with the elders who were before the temple.
7 Then He said to them, “Defile the temple,
and fill the courts with the slain. Go out!” And they went out and
killed in the city. Ezekiel 9:5-7
These angels kill the people in the spiritual realm, when the armies
of Babylon come they will be killed physically.
The people of
Judah have defiled the Temple, now God will fill the Temple with
their bodies. The Babylonians will burn and destroy the Temple in
pleads for Israel
8 So it was, that while they were killing
them, I was left alone; and I fell on my face and cried out,
and said, “Ah, Lord GOD! Will You destroy all the remnant of Israel
in pouring out Your fury on Jerusalem?”
9 Then He said to me, “The iniquity of the
house of Israel and Judah is exceedingly great, and the land
is full of bloodshed, and the city full of perversity; for they say,
‘The LORD has forsaken the land, and the LORD does not see!’
10 And as for Me also, My eye will neither
spare, nor will I have pity, but I will recompense their
deeds on their own head.”
11 Just then, the man clothed with linen,
who had the inkhorn at his side, reported back and said, “I
have done as You commanded me.” Ezekiel 9:8-11
I fell on my
Ezekiel in the
role of priest pleads for mercy on the remnant. God answers
Ezekiel, showing the justice in the judgment that takes place. God
in chapter 11, promises a day of restoration for the people, even
though things seem bleak with no hope now.
The land is
full of bloodshed....perversity:
The land of
Judah is completely corrupted; only some are worth saving. Even the
children have been corrupted by the actions of their parents. The
indoctrination of bloodshed and perversity could pretty much
describe our world today. Video, games and the internet make
bloodshed and perversity available at the click of a button.
Ezekiel sees the vision of the Cherubim, which he saw in chapter 1,
when he was first called by the Glory of the Lord to serve as a
prophet to Israel. Ezekiel is in Jerusalem, in the spiritual
realms, God along with Cherubim appear at the Temple, where the
idolatry is taking place. Ezekiel again describes the beings,
calling them Cherubim, which he did not say in chapter one. The
cherubim is plural in Hebrew for Cherub
The one difference
being the four faces of the Cherubim, now include the face of a
Cherub and do not include the ox (vs. 14). Showing the appearance of
the Cherubim can change from time to time, or the face of the ox is
like face of a Cherub.
The Glory of the
Lord is about to enter the Eastern Gate,
the gate which the only the priest were allowed to enter, this same
gate was sealed in the 16th century to prevent the coming
of Messiah, and a Muslim cemetery was placed there to prevent the
return of Elijah. The Eastern Gate plays a very prominent role,
since in the Millennium only the Glory of the Lord will be allowed
to use this gate as entrance into His throne room, in the Temple.
(See Ezekiel 43:1-10)
The Glory of the Lord appears
And I looked, and there in the firmament that was above the head of
the cherubim, there appeared something like a sapphire stone, having
the appearance of the likeness of a throne. 2
Then He spoke to the man clothed with linen, and said, “Go in among
the wheels, under the cherub, fill your hands with coals of fire
from among the cherubim, and scatter them over the city.” And
he went in as I watched.
3 Now the cherubim were standing on the
south side of the temple[a]
when the man went in, and the cloud filled the inner court.
4 Then the glory of the LORD went up
from the cherub, and paused over the threshold of the temple;
and the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was full of
the brightness of the LORD’s glory. Ezekiel 10:1-3
Ezekiel again sees the vision of the Glory of the Lord and the
Cherubim. He is not dreaming but seeing with his eyes this vision.
Ezekiel is describing what he sees to reader in terms he
stone throne of the Glory of the Lord was above the cherub angels.
From there the Glory of the Lord communicates to the man clothed in
linen another angel. Ezekiel records the conversation for us.
is the throne of Almighty God who is appearing in Human form to
Ezekiel the priest. We must remember this is exactly what is
represented in the Tabernacle and in the Temple. There the priest
would appear before the throne of God, the Mercy Seat, the
cover to the Arc of the Covenant. Ezekiel the priest is
seeing the reality of what was represented.
glory of the Lord:
The Glory of the
Lord is the central person in Ezekiel from Chapter 1 to 48. The Glory of the Lord is the presence of
Almighty God in the Old Testament. He appears in Human form as He
did when he walked with Adam and Eve in the Garden. Jesus is the
incarnation of the Glory of the Lord, who comes to His Temple. In
Ezekiel’s day, Ezekiel was witnesses to the Glory of the Lord
appearing at the Temple. In the New Testament period, a.k.a. the
Second Temple time, the Apostles and Church were witnesses to the
Glory of the Lord appearing at His Temple in the person of Jesus
Christ. Interesting note here, is that before the destruction of
the First and Second Temple, the Glory of Lord made appearances at
And the sound of the wings of the cherubim was heard even in
the outer court, like the voice of Almighty God when He speaks.
6 Then it happened, when He commanded the
man clothed in linen, saying, “Take fire from among the wheels, from
among the cherubim,” that he went in and stood beside the wheels.
7 And the cherub stretched out his hand
from among the cherubim to the fire that was among the
cherubim, and took some of it and put it into the
hands of the man clothed with linen, who took it and
went out. 8 The cherubim appeared to have
the form of a man’s hand under their wings.
9 And when I looked, there were four wheels
by the cherubim, one wheel by one cherub and another wheel by each
other cherub; the wheels appeared to have the color of a
beryl stone. 10 As for their
appearance, all four looked alike—as it were, a wheel in the middle
of a wheel. 11 When they went, they went
toward any of their four directions; they did not turn aside
when they went, but followed in the direction the head was facing.
They did not turn aside when they went. 12
And their whole body, with their back, their hands, their wings, and
the wheels that the four had, were full of eyes all around.
13 As for the wheels, they were called in
my hearing, “Wheel.”
14 Each one had four faces: the first face
was the face of a cherub, the second face the face of a man,
the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle.
15 And the cherubim were lifted up. This
was the living creature I saw by the River Chebar.
16 When the cherubim went, the wheels went
beside them; and when the cherubim lifted their wings to mount up
from the earth, the same wheels also did not turn from beside them.
17 When the cherubim[b]
stood still, the wheels stood still, and when one[c]
was lifted up, the other[d]
lifted itself up, for the spirit of the living creature was
in them. Ezekiel 10:5-17
Wings of the
describes a second time the Cherubim.
The Glory of
the Lord departs
18 Then the glory of the LORD departed from
the threshold of the temple and stood over the cherubim.
19 And the cherubim lifted their wings and
mounted up from the earth in my sight. When they went out, the
wheels were beside them; and they stood at the door of the
east gate of the LORD’s house, and the glory of the God of
Israel was above them.
20 This is the living creature I saw
under the God of Israel by the River Chebar, and I knew they were
cherubim. 21 Each one had four faces and
each one four wings, and the likeness of the hands of a man was
under their wings. 22 And the likeness of
their faces was the same as the faces which I had seen
by the River Chebar, their appearance and their persons. They each
went straight forward. Ezekiel 10:18-22
The glory of
the LORD departed:
The presence of
God was invisible to the people of Jerusalem, while Ezekiel was
witness to both the human and spiritual realms. He saw the people
commit their sins and records their actions. With the sins and
corruption of the leaders, men, woman and children God will now
proceed to unleash His wrath through the armies of Babylon.
is now taken to the Eastern Gate, where he witnesses the
leaders in Israel, the twenty-five men who are causing the people to
reject God’s words. God proclaims judgment; the Babylonians will
execute them when they arrive. Ezekiel then witnesses the death of
Pelatiah, while he speaks; this caused Ezekiel to lament the
destruction. God seemed like He was making a “complete end” to the
nation of Israel, the judgment seemed so severe. God responds to
Ezekiel promising a day of restoration, when Israel would be
restored to the land and to Him.
taken to the Eastern Gate
Then the Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the East Gate of
the LORD’s house, which faces eastward; and there at the door of
the gate were twenty-five men, among whom I saw Jaazaniah the son of
Azzur, and Pelatiah the son of Benaiah, princes of the people.
2 And He said to me: “Son of man, these
are the men who devise iniquity and give wicked counsel in
this city, 3 who say, ‘The time is
not near to build houses; this city is the caldron, and we
are the meat.’ 4 Therefore prophesy
against them, prophesy, O son of man!” Ezekiel 11:1-4
Through the Holy Spirit, Ezekiel see what God sees, he sees the
corruption of the leaders of the Jerusalem. They are secretly
plotting to use the events to their benefit.
area before the Temple appears to be the grounds where the
leadership of Jerusalem “twenty-five men”, hatched their plans to
divide Jerusalem up between themselves.
These are the
thought Egypt would rescue Jerusalem from the Babylonian threat,
then they would benefit by acquiring the property and lands of
others. So Ezekiel is eye-witness to their actions.
prophesies against the leaders of Israel
5 Then the Spirit of the LORD fell
upon me, and said to me, “Speak! ‘Thus says the LORD: “Thus you have
said, O house of Israel; for I know the things that come into your
mind. 6 You have multiplied your slain in
this city, and you have filled its streets with the slain.”
7 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: “Your
slain whom you have laid in its midst, they are the meat, and
this city is the caldron; but I shall bring you out of the
midst of it. 8 You have feared the sword;
and I will bring a sword upon you,” says the Lord GOD.
9 “And I will bring you out of its midst,
and deliver you into the hands of strangers, and execute judgments
on you. 10 You shall fall by the sword. I
will judge you at the border of Israel. Then you shall know that I
am the LORD. 11 This city
shall not be your caldron, nor shall you be the meat in its midst. I
will judge you at the border of Israel. 12
And you shall know that I am the LORD; for you have not
walked in My statutes nor executed My judgments, but have done
according to the customs of the Gentiles which are all
13 Now it happened, while I was
prophesying, that Pelatiah the son of Benaiah died. Then I fell on
my face and cried with a loud voice, and said, “Ah, Lord GOD! Will
You make a complete end of the remnant of Israel?” Ezekiel
The Spirit of
testifies to God’s righteous anger against the leaders of the land.
The Holy Spirit speaks through Ezekiel judging the sins in the
land. The Spirit of the Lord is the force behind the words in
I will bring
a sword upon you:
The sword of
judgment is the armies of Babylon. God will return the cruel
violence of the leaders with the violence of Babylon.
Ezekiel at this
point intercedes for Israel. The judgment seemed so violent; Ezekiel
questioned whether Israel could survive. This is the miracle of the
nation of Israel. God is behind the restoration of the nation from
the ashes of judgment. Ezekiel is interceding as the priest for the
sins of the lands.
the major themes in Ezekiel is restoration, From Ezekiel chapter 33
until 48, we see God restoring the nation to a place of blessing.
Here is one of the first hints at restoration in Ezekiel, this is
followed by additional verses in the prophets, all which look
forward to an eventual obedience of the nation. This will be
completed when the nation comes to know the Messiah in the
34:13 36:24 37:21-28 39:27-29 Isaiah 11:11-16;
Jeremiah 24:5; 30:10,11,18 31:8-10 32:37-41
Hosea 1:10,11; Amos
promised to be restored
14 Again the word of the LORD came to me,
saying, 15 “Son of man, your brethren, your
relatives, your countrymen, and all the house of Israel in its
entirety, are those about whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem
have said, ‘Get far away from the LORD; this land has been given to
us as a possession.’ 16 Therefore say,
‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Although I have cast them far off among
the Gentiles, and although I have scattered them among the
countries, yet I shall be a little sanctuary for them in the
countries where they have gone.”’ 17
Therefore say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “I will gather you from
the peoples, assemble you from the countries where you have been
scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel.”’
18 And they will go there, and they will
take away all its detestable things and all its abominations from
Ezekiel is being
addressed by the Glory of Lord, people in their flesh misunderstand
God’s judgment. Those taken to the land of Babylon would be the
seed of the future nation, while those left would be destroyed.
The wicked men, thought their being left was for their financial and
personal gain. They were left to be judged, this is a point we
should all note, sometimes bad things happen in our lives so we
might be protected from even worse events.
I shall be a
little sanctuary : Even
though the Temple was about to be destroyed by the armies of
Babylon, God Himself would be a “little sanctuary” to the captives
I will gather
Israel would be gathered again in preparation of the coming of the
Glory of the Lord, Jesus Christ, who would die for the sins of the
world at His First Coming (Isaiah 53). Israel will also be gathered
again before the Second Coming, when the Glory of the Lord returns
in power and glory (Zechariah 12:9-10,
A new Spirit
given to the restored people
Then I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit
and take the stony heart out of their flesh, and give them a
heart of flesh, 20 that they may walk
in My statutes and keep My judgments and do them; and they shall be
My people, and I will be their God. 21
But as for those whose hearts follow the desire for their
detestable things and their abominations, I will recompense their
deeds on their own heads,” says the Lord GOD. Ezekiel 11:19-21
I will put a
The promise of
the Spirit of God being in the hearts of Israel will be fulfilled at
the Second Coming; it was made available when the Glory of the Lord
came the First Time, when God took upon Himself human flesh as
recorded in the New Testament. When the nation comes to know
Messiah, at that time the Spirit of God will be upon the people and
they will have a “new spirit” as recorded in Zechariah 12:10.
give them a
heart of flesh:
With the Spirit
of God dwelling in the people their stony heart will melt, they will
then have a heart of flesh. They will then be an obedient and
blessed people, this is the focus of
to 48 following the “return of the Glory of The Lord”, who then sets
up an eternal kingdom.
The Glory of
the Lord leaves Jerusalem
22 So the cherubim lifted up their wings,
with the wheels beside them, and the glory of the God of Israel
was high above them. 23 And the
glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city and stood
on the mountain, which is on the east side of the city.
The glory of
the LORD went...
The Mount east
of Jerusalem is the Mount of Olives, which is outside the Eastern
Gate. This mountain which is the focus of the Lord ascension and
return. In Acts Chapter one, the angels declared this “same Jesus”
who went up on the clouds shall return in like manner.
returns to Babylon (Chaldea)
Then the Spirit took me up and brought me in a vision by the Spirit
of God into Chaldea,[b]
to those in captivity. And the vision that I had seen went up from
me. 25 So I spoke to those in captivity of
all the things the LORD had shown me. Ezekiel 11:24
The Holy Spirit
which took Ezekiel from the captives in the spiritual realms now
returns him to the captivity.
Physically Ezekiel was present among the captives from chapter
8 to 11, but spiritually he was in Jerusalem
witnessing the events taking place in the spiritual realms.
Tammuz and the
Babylonian idolatry of Israel
Ritual mourning.. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tammuz_(deity)In
Babylonia, the month Tammuz was
in honor of the eponymous god Tammuz, who originated as a Sumerian
shepherd-god, Dumuzid or Dumuzi, the consort of
Inanna and, in his
Akkadian form, the parallel consort of
Ishtar. The Levantine
Adonis ("lord"), who was
drawn into the Greek pantheon, was considered by Joseph Campbell
among others to be another counterpart of Tammuz,
son and consort. The Aramaic name "Tammuz" seems to have been
derived from the Akkadian form Tammuzi, based on early Sumerian
Damu-zid. The later standard Sumerian form, Dumu-zid, in turn became
Beginning with the
summer solstice came a
time of mourning in the Ancient Near East as in the Aegean: the
Babylonians marked the decline in daylight hours and the onset of
killing summer heat and drought with a six-day "funeral" for the
god. Readers in four-season temperate cultures may doubt
shepherd-god as a vegetation god: "He was no dying and resurrecting
James George Frazer wanted
him to be (for one thing no vegetation demon dies in the spring, in
April)," Miroslav Marcovich observed.
though recent discoveries reconfirm him as an annual
tablets discovered in 1963 show that Dumuzi was in fact consigned to
the Underworld himself, in order to secure Inanna's release,
though the recovered final line reveals that he is to revive for six
months of each year (see below).
cult practice, the dead
Tammuz was widely mourned in the Ancient Near East. A Sumerian
Nippur (Ni 4486) reads
She can make the lament for you, my
Dumuzid, the lament for you, the lament, the lamentation, reach the
desert — she can make it reach the house Arali; she can make it
Bad-tibira; she can make it reach Dul-šuba; she can make it
reach the shepherding country, the sheepfold of Dumuzid
"O Dumuzid of the fair-spoken mouth,
of the ever kind eyes," she sobs tearfully, "O you of the
fair-spoken mouth, of the ever kind eyes," she sobs tearfully. "Lad,
husband, lord, sweet as the date, [...] O Dumuzid!" she sobs, she