the Second Coming and judgment of the nations, Israel along with the nations
enters a period known as the Millennium.
Ezekiel chapters 40 to 48 is the most detailed coverage of the Millennium in the
Bible. During this period the earth is transformed from the fallen judged world
of the tribulation period into a paradise.
out scripture we have glimpses of this world to come, how the very
nature of the animal kingdom will be transformed by the presence of
Jesus Christ. Paul writes in Romans chapter 8, all of creation
waits for this day, since when Adam and Eve fell, all of creation
19 For the
earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing
of the sons of God.
20 For the
creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of
Him who subjected it in hope;
21 because the
creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of
corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22 For
we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs
together until now.
is a restoration, of what was lost in the fall, so creation itself
will be transform with the restoration of redemption. Isaiah paints
a picture of this restoration as the predators will dwell in peace
with their prey, and even the lion will no longer eat meat, but
6 "The wolf also
shall dwell with the lamb, The leopard shall lie down with the young
goat, The calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a
little child shall lead them.
7 The cow and the
bear shall graze; Their young ones shall lie down together; And the
lion shall eat straw like the ox. 8 The nursing child shall play by
the cobra's hole, And the weaned child shall put his hand in the
9 They shall not
hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, For the earth shall be
full of the knowledge of the Lord As the waters cover the sea.
Isaiah 11:9, the knowledge of God shall be
throughout the earth, however people born on the earth during the
millennium, will still be required to make eternal decisions for
Jesus Christ who will be king of the Earth. The government on the
earth will be a theocracy, with Jesus Christ as God and King over
the earth, ruling and reigning with the saints. During this period
many of the promises made through the prophets will be fulfilled.
This section of Ezekiel reveals the establishment of the throne of
God, where the presence of God, the Glory of the Lord returns
establishing His throne in the presence of humanity. Jesus Christ
is the Glory of the Lord who returns in power and glory to rule over
is given an extended tour of seat of God’s government on the earth.
Ezekiel Chapter 40
is taken in visions of God to Jerusalem in the future.
There he given a tour of the Millennium Temple courts, the
outer courts, gates and courts.
Ezekiel Chapter 41
is taken in the Temple and the outer buildings surrounding
Ezekiel Chapter 42
now describes the chambers for the priests who minister
before the Glory of the Lord, as well as the outer
dimensions of the Temple area.
Ezekiel Chapter 43
witnesses the return of the Glory of the Lord, Jesus Christ,
who returns to the Temple, his earthly throne, where he
rules over the nations. He then describes the altar of God.
Ezekiel Chapter 44
hears the laws for those who are admitted to the Temple
area, including the Prince, Priests and others.
Ezekiel Chapter 45
is told how the Holy District is divided. How property for
the Temple, Jerusalem and the prince is distributed.
Ezekiel Chapter 46
is told how people are to approach the Lord in the Temple.
Ezekiel Chapter 47
is told about a river that begins from Temple and flows to
the Dead Sea turning it into a living sea. The LORD also
tells him, the outlying borders of the nation.
Ezekiel Chapter 48
is now told the specifics where the 12-tribes are to be
located in the land in relation to the Holy Districts.
Ezekiel is also told how the 12 gates to the city of
Jerusalem are to be established.
establishment of the Millennium government follows the Second
Coming. The setting up this kingdom takes 45-days according to the
book of Daniel. The 1290-day period from the taking away of the
sacrifice and the abomination of desolation is the 2nd
half of the tribulation period. Daniel is told the who comes to the
1335th day is blessed. This day is 45-days after the
sacrifice is taken away. Daniel is then told about his resurrection
and inheritance at the end of days. Daniel’s resurrection
corresponds to the Millennium, when all the saints rule and reign in
the kingdom of God, including Daniel.
11 "And from the
time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of
desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and
12 "Blessed is he
who waits, and comes to the one thousand
three hundred and thirty-five days.
13 "But you, go your
way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to your
inheritance at the end of the days."
Ezekiel describes the Temple and the buildings around it.
In chapter 40
Ezekiel entered the inner court of the Temple area from the outer
court. He now begins to describe the Temple and its buildings. The
angel he met in chapter 40, who has the “appearance of bronze”,
takes Ezekiel through the Temple complex measuring the buildings and
spaces for Ezekiel to record.
1 Then he
brought me into the sanctuary and measured the doorposts, six
cubits wide on one side and six cubits wide on the other side-the
width of the tabernacle.
2 The width of
the entryway was ten cubits, and the side walls of the entrance were
five cubits on this side and five cubits on the other side; and he
measured its length, forty cubits, and its width, twenty cubits.
3 Also he went
inside and measured the doorposts, two cubits; and the entrance, six
cubits high; and the width of the entrance, seven cubits.
4 He measured the
length, twenty cubits; and the width, twenty cubits, beyond the
sanctuary; and he said to me, "This is the Most Holy Place." Ezekiel
Just as the
Tabernacle in the Exodus and Solomon’s Temple, here there is also a
Holy of Holies, the “Most Holy Place”. When Jesus died on the cross
the curtain, separating this room was ripped from top to bottom.
Today, through the Holy Spirit all believers have access to the Most
Holy Place as the book of Hebrews describes.
17 then He adds,
"Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more."
18 Now where
there is remission of these, there is no longer an offering for sin.
brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of
20 by a new and
living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is,
21 and having a
High Priest over the house of God,
Temple is to remind those who are born in the Millennium the way of
salvation is through the work of Jesus. Just as we partake in
communion the events and ministry of the Temple is to point those
are born and live in the Millennium to the work of the King,
reminding them of His sacrifice. In addition to telling us the
dimension of the Temple, Ezekiel also describes what he sees in the
Temple, such as the carved images of Cherubim and palm trees.
13 So he measured
the temple, one hundred cubits long; and the separating courtyard
with the building and its walls was one hundred cubits long;
14 also the width
of the eastern face of the temple, including the separating
courtyard, was one hundred cubits. .
24 The doors had
two panels apiece, two folding panels: two panels for one door and
two panels for the other door.
25 Cherubim and
palm trees were carved on the doors of the temple just as they were
carved on the walls. A wooden canopy was on the front of the
26 There were
beveled window frames and palm trees on one side and on the other,
on the sides of the vestibule-also on the side chambers of the
temple and on the canopies. Ezekiel 41:13-14,24-26
Ezekiel describes the Temple and the buildings around it.
continues the tour, he now is taken out of the inner court to the
outer court where he describes the chambers for the priests.
1 Then he brought
me out into the outer court, by the way toward the north; and
he brought me into the chamber which was opposite the separating
courtyard, and which was opposite the building toward the north.
2 Facing the
length, which was one hundred cubits (the width was fifty cubits),
was the north door.
3 Opposite the
inner court of twenty cubits, and opposite the pavement of the outer
court, was gallery against gallery in three stories. Ezekiel 42:1-3
measures the outer dimensions of the Temple, each rod was 6-long
cubits, the outer dimensions measured 500-Rods square. That would
make the Temple area about 5250-feet per side, or about one square
mile. The outer and inner court of the Temple complex would be in
the center of this complex. Some would argue that rod means cubit
here saying the Temple complex is 500-cubits by 500-cubits, which
seems to be the case. However the Holy District is also 500-rods by
500-rods according Ezekiel 45:2.
16 He measured
the east side with the measuring rod, five hundred rods by the
measuring rod all around.
17 He measured
the north side, five hundred rods by the measuring rod all around.
18 He measured
the south side, five hundred rods by the measuring rod.
19 He came around
to the west side and measured five hundred rods by the measuring
20 He measured it
on the four sides; it had a wall all around, five hundred cubits
long and five hundred wide, to separate the holy areas from the
common. Ezekiel 42:16-20
Ezekiel describes the Glory of the Lord returning to the Temple.
describes the return of the Glory of the Lord, to His Temple via the
East Gate. Remember Ezekiel watched as the Glory of the Lord left
the Temple because of sin (Ezekiel 8-10). He was now returning.
This is actually a view of Christ entering His throne in the
Millennium. The mercy was the throne in the Holy of Holies, where
the priest would appear once a year before the presence of God
Afterward he brought me to the gate, the gate that faces toward
2 And behold, the
glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east. His
voice was like the sound of many waters; and the earth shone with
3 It was like the
appearance of the vision which I saw-like the vision which I saw
when I came to destroy the city. The visions were like the vision
which I saw by the River Chebar; and I fell on my face.
4 And the
glory of the Lord came into the temple by way of the gate which
faces toward the east.
5 The Spirit
lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the
glory of the Lord filled the temple.
6 Then I heard
Him speaking to me from the temple, while a man stood beside me.
7 And He said to
me, "Son of man, this is the place of My throne and the place
of the soles of My feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the
children of Israel forever. No more shall the house of Israel defile
My holy name, they nor their kings, by their harlotry or with the
carcasses of their kings on their high places.
Ezekiel describes the laws of those admitted to the Temple,
including the prince.
Here Ezekiel the
laws regarding the Temple are set forward, regarding who and how
someone is to approach the Temple. The groups are mentioned here,
the Prince, the people and the priests. The prince is probably the
resurrected King David who will represent who will represent
humanity before the throne of God, on the earth.
25 "Then they
shall dwell in the land that I have given to Jacob My servant, where
your fathers dwelt; and they shall dwell there, they, their
children, and their children's children, forever; and My servant
David shall be their prince forever. Ezekiel 37:25
1 Then He brought
me back to the outer gate of the sanctuary which faces toward
the east, but it was shut.
2 And the Lord
said to me, "This gate shall be shut; it shall not be opened, and no
man shall enter by it, because the Lord God of Israel has entered by
it; therefore it shall be shut.
3 "As for the
prince, because he is the prince, he may sit in it to eat bread
before the Lord; he shall enter by way of the vestibule of the
gateway, and go out the same way."
4 Also He brought
me by way of the north gate to the front of the temple; so I looked,
and behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord; and
I fell on my face.
5 And the Lord
said to me, "Son of man, mark well, see with your eyes and hear with
your ears, all that I say to you concerning all the ordinances of
the house of the Lord and all its laws. Mark well who may enter the
house and all who go out from the sanctuary. Ezekiel
Ezekiel describes the Temple and the buildings around it.
Here the land
from the Temple out is described. The division of the land starts
from the Temple and moves outward.
1 "Moreover, when
you divide the land by lot into inheritance, you shall set apart a
district for the Lord, a holy section of the land; its length shall
be twenty-five thousand cubits, and the width ten thousand. It shall
be holy throughout its territory all around.
2 "Of this there
shall be a square plot for the sanctuary, five hundred by five
hundred rods, with fifty cubits around it for an open space.
3 "So this is the
district you shall measure: twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten
thousand wide; in it shall be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place.
4 "It shall be a
holy section of the land, belonging to the priests, the ministers of
the sanctuary, who come near to minister to the Lord; it shall be a
place for their houses and a holy place for the sanctuary.
5 "An area
twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten thousand wide shall belong
to the Levites, the ministers of the temple; they shall have twenty
chambers as a possession. Ezekiel
Ezekiel describes how the Lord is to be worshipped by those in the
1 'Thus says the
Lord God: "The gateway of the inner court that faces toward the east
shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be
opened, and on the day of the New Moon it shall be opened.
2 "The prince
shall enter by way of the vestibule of the gateway from the outside,
and stand by the gatepost. The priests shall prepare his burnt
offering and his peace offerings. He shall worship at the threshold
of the gate. Then he shall go out, but the gate shall not be shut
3 "Likewise the
people of the land shall worship at the entrance to this gateway
before the Lord on the Sabbaths and the New Moons.
8 "When the
prince enters, he shall go in by way of the vestibule of the
gateway, and go out the same way.
9 "But when the
people of the land come before the Lord on the appointed feast days,
whoever enters by way of the north gate to worship shall go out by
way of the south gate; and whoever enters by way of the south gate
shall go out by way of the north gate. He shall not return by way of
the gate through which he came, but shall go out through the
Ezekiel describes the Temple and the buildings around it.
characteristic in the Millennium is the resurrection of the dead.
Not only are the dead resurrected, but the Dead Sea becomes a living
sea as water flows from the Temple toward the sea causing life to
The river flows
from the Temple, in the New Jerusalem the river will also flow from
the throne of God through the city (Revelation 22).
1 Then he brought
me back to the door of the temple; and there was water, flowing from
under the threshold of the temple toward the east, for the front of
the temple faced east; the water was flowing from under the right
side of the temple, south of the altar.
2 He brought me
out by way of the north gate, and led me around on the outside to
the outer gateway that faces east; and there was water, running out
on the right side.
3 And when the
man went out to the east with the line in his hand, he measured one
thousand cubits, and he brought me through the waters; the water
came up to my ankles.
4 Again he
measured one thousand and brought me through the waters; the water
came up to my knees. Again he measured one thousand and brought me
through; the water came up to my waist.
5 Again he
measured one thousand, and it was a river that I could not cross;
for the water was too deep, water in which one must swim, a river
that could not be crossed.
6 He said to me,
"Son of man, have you seen this?" Then he brought me and returned me
to the bank of the river.
7 When I
returned, there, along the bank of the river, were very many trees
on one side and the other.
8 Then he said to
me: "This water flows toward the eastern region, goes down into the
valley, and enters the sea. When it reaches the sea, its waters are
9 "And it
shall be that every living thing that moves, wherever the rivers go,
will live. There will be a very great multitude of fish, because
these waters go there; for they will be healed, and everything will
live wherever the river goes.
10 "It shall be
that fishermen will stand by it from En Gedi to En Eglaim; they will
be places for spreading their nets. Their fish will be of the same
kinds as the fish of the Great Sea, exceedingly many.
11 "But its
swamps and marshes will not be healed; they will be given over to
12 "Along the
bank of the river, on this side and that, will grow all kinds of
trees used for food; their leaves will not wither, and their fruit
will not fail. They will bear fruit every month, because their water
flows from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be for food, and their
leaves for medicine."
Ezekiel the location of the tribes of Israel in relation to the
chapter of Ezekiel is set at the beginning of the Millennium. Once
Israel comes to know their Messiah, Jesus Christ, the righteousness
of Christ is imparted to the nation. This same point holds true to
every sinner who comes to Jesus Christ, they are redeemed with the
blood of the Lamb. God’s salvation is imparted to them. When
Israel comes to national salvation as foretold in
Zechariah 12:9-10, Christ returns and establishes
the Messianic Kingdom. This is the meaning behind Jesus’ promise to
the 12 disciples, that why would sit on 12-thrones judging the
12-tribes of Israel. This was a literal promise, which requires a
literal nation. Ezekiel 48
regards the fulfillment of these words.
28 So Jesus said
to them, "Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration,
when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have
followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve
tribes of Israel. Matthew 19:28
is the resurrection; this is the period of Messianic Kingdom, the
Kingdom of God. What follows the Millennium is covered in Revelation 20 to 22; this however is outside the
scope of Ezekiel. Ezekiel ends with Israel entering the Millennium
as a kingdom, redeemed and serving the Glory of the Lord, Jesus
Christ in the Kingdom of God.
1 "Now these are
the names of the tribes: From the northern border along the road to
Hethlon at the entrance of Hamath, to Hazar Enan, the border of
Damascus northward, in the direction of Hamath, there shall be one
section for Dan from its east to its west side;
2 "by the border
of Dan, from the east side to the west, one section for Asher;
8 "by the border
of Judah, from the east side to the west, shall be the district
which you shall set apart, twenty-five thousand cubits in width, and
in length the same as one of the other portions, from the east side
to the west, with the sanctuary in the center.
9 "The district
that you shall set apart for the Lord shall be twenty-five thousand
cubits in length and ten thousand in width.
10 "To these-to
the priests-the holy district shall belong: on the north twenty-five
thousand cubits in length, on the west ten thousand in width, on the
east ten thousand in width, and on the south twenty-five thousand in
length. The sanctuary of the Lord shall be in the center.
11 "It shall be
for the priests of the sons of Zadok, who are sanctified, who have
kept My charge, who did not go astray when the children of Israel
went astray, as the Levites went astray.
12 "And this
district of land that is set apart shall be to them a thing most
holy by the border of the Levites.
13 "Opposite the
border of the priests, the Levites shall have an area twenty-five
thousand cubits in length and ten thousand in width; its entire
length shall be twenty-five thousand and its width ten thousand.
14 "And they
shall not sell or exchange any of it; they may not alienate this
best part of the land, for it is holy to the Lord.
15 "The five
thousand cubits in width that remain, along the edge of the
twenty-five thousand, shall be for general use by the city, for
dwellings and common-land; and the city shall be in the center.
16 "These shall
be its measurements: the north side four thousand five hundred
cubits, the south side four thousand five hundred, the east side
four thousand five hundred, and the west side four thousand five
common-land of the city shall be: to the north two hundred and fifty
cubits, to the south two hundred and fifty, to the east two hundred
and fifty, and to the west two hundred and fifty.
18 "The rest of
the length, alongside the district of the holy section, shall be ten
thousand cubits to the east and ten thousand to the west. It shall
be adjacent to the district of the holy section, and its produce
shall be food for the workers of the city.
19 "The workers
of the city, from all the tribes of Israel, shall cultivate it.
20 "The entire
district shall be twenty-five thousand cubits by twenty-five
thousand cubits, foursquare. You shall set apart the holy district
with the property of the city.
21 "The rest
shall belong to the prince, on one side and on the other of the holy
district and of the city's property, next to the twenty-five
thousand cubits of the holy district as far as the eastern border,
and westward next to the twenty-five thousand as far as the western
border, adjacent to the tribal portions; it shall belong to the
prince. It shall be the holy district, and the sanctuary of the
temple shall be in the center.
apart from the possession of the Levites and the possession of the
city which are in the midst of what belongs to the prince, the area
between the border of Judah and the border of Benjamin shall belong
to the prince.
The name of the
city declares its character. The very presence of Almighty God is
dwelling in the city of Jerusalem, and its name will be called “the
Lord is There”.
29 "This is the
land which you shall divide by lot as an inheritance among the
tribes of Israel, and these are their portions," says the Lord God.
30 "These are the
exits of the city. On the north side, measuring four thousand five
31 '(the gates of
the city shall be named after the tribes of Israel), the three gates
northward: one gate for Reuben, one gate for Judah, and one gate for
32 "on the east
side, four thousand five hundred cubits, three gates: one gate for
Joseph, one gate for Benjamin, and one gate for Dan;
33 "on the south
side, measuring four thousand five hundred cubits, three gates: one
gate for Simeon, one gate for Issachar, and one gate for Zebulun;
34 "on the west
side, four thousand five hundred cubits with their three gates: one
gate for Gad, one gate for Asher, and one gate for Naphtali.
35 "All the way
around shall be eighteen thousand cubits; and the name of the city
from that day shall be: The Lord Is There." Ezekiel 48:29-35