book of Ezekiel covers a period in the life of Israel spanning from
the judgment of the nation to its entering the millennium; a period
where Israel receives the blessing promised in Deuteronomy. It is
nearly impossible to understand the end-times and Godís plan for the
present age without understanding the role Israel plays. Both the
Old and New Testament revolve around Godís plan of redemption in
which Israel plays a central role.
between Israel and the nations of the world dominates the
end-times. Essentially, the end-time in scripture is the transition
between the kingdoms of this world and the Kingdom of God.
During this transition, the nations are judged as God pours out His
wrath on a fallen world. Through this process, God also deals with
His chosen people, Israel, as the plan of redemption is accomplished
through that nation. Prior to this time, the gentile Church has
been grafted into the promises of Israel. Paul makes this point in
Romans 11 where he makes a distinction between Israel and the
gentile believers. The gentiles have been grafted into the New
Covenant promises made to Israel in Jeremiah and Ezekiel.
24 For if you were
cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted
contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will
these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive
tree? 25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant
of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that
blindness in part has happened to Israel until the
fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26 And so all Israel will
be saved, as it is written: "The Deliverer will come out of Zion,
And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; 27 For this is My
covenant with them (Israel), When I take away their sins." 28
Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning
the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.
end-time is accomplished when Israel receives the promises of
blessing because at that time the transition to the Kingdom of God
will be accomplished.
Noahís flood (Genesis 7-9), God calls Abraham of Ur out of his home
and sends him to Mt. Moriah, later known as Jerusalem, where
Melchizadek reigned as King and Priest over the city (Genesis 14).
Here, God promised Abraham that through him, He would bless the
nations of the earth. Later, we find that the plan of redemption
would be promised to Jacob (Israel), Abrahamís grandson through
Isaac. Jacob, later renamed Israel by God, would grow from having a
family of 12 sons to a nation of over 1 million people when God
calls them out of Egypt. Israel becomes Godís chosen people;
through them He will judge the nations as He calls a people for
Himself out of the fallen earth.
Israel God would bring forth the King of the Earth, the Messiah, who
would rule in righteousness. The King of the Earth is the Glory of
the Lord who will reign on the earth from Jerusalem (Ezekiel 43-44).
This is the message behind the words of the prophets as God
prepared the earth for its redemption through the Messiah who became
Godís sacrifice for sin. In this process of redemption, Israel is
pitted against the nations of the world as it comes to term with its
own sin. In the book of Ezekiel, we see a nation which has
exhausted the mercy of God. God, in-turn, punishes His chosen people
who turn from Him. He also promises a day of redemption, when His
Kingdom will rule over the nations. Ezekiel pictures a day when His
people, Israel, would receive the blessings promised them as they
turn to Him (Ezekiel 40-48).
process of Israel coming into a true relationship with God, they
in-turn come into conflict with the nations. This dynamic between
Israel and the other nations is the focus of the
end-times. The process of Israel understanding their sinful
condition and turning to the Lord in repentance is contrasted
against the nations of the world who seek their destruction.
The book of
Ezekiel gives us this dual picture of judgment and redemption. In
chapters one through twenty-four, God deals with the sins of Judah,
Israel and Jerusalem. In chapter 25 to 32 he deals with the nations
which surround Israel and who gloat about their judgment. Then, in
chapters 33 to 48, God details the redemption of His people; this
process begins with the True Shepherd (Ezekiel 34), the
Messiah, God Himself who will shepherd His people.
"therefore I will save My flock, and they shall no longer be a prey;
and I will judge between sheep and sheep.
First & Second Coming of Christ
Chapter 25: Proclamation against Ammon, Moab, Edom and
enemies of Israel rejoiced at its destruction and judgment under
Nebuchadnezzar. God then proclaims judgment against them as they
cheer Israelís destruction and plot to take possession of the land.
Israel is related to Ammon and Moab through Lot, and to Edom through
Esau; from the beginning of the exodus out of Egypt, Israel was
opposed by these nations. Philistines are the descendents of the
people of Crete who migrated and settled on the coastland of
Israel. Each of these nations, through their idolatry, was involved
in the fall of Israel. God not only deals with Israelís sins, but
with the sin of all the nations.
"Say to the Ammonites, 'Hear the word of the Lord God! Thus says the
Lord God: "Because you said, 'Aha!' against My sanctuary when it was
profaned, and against the land of Israel when it was desolate, and
against the house of Judah when they went into captivity, 6 'For
thus says the Lord God: "Because you clapped your hands, stamped
your feet, and rejoiced in heart with all your disdain for the land
of Israel, Ezekiel 25:3,6
8 'Thus says
the Lord God: "Because Moab and Seir say, 'Look! The house of
Judah is like all the nations,'
says the Lord God: "Because of what Edom did against the
house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended by
avenging itself on them,"
says the Lord God: "Because the Philistines dealt vengefully
and took vengeance with a spiteful heart, to destroy because of the
old hatred," Ezekiel 25:8,12,15
same nations have been recreated and they despise the existence of
Israel, just like they did in ancient times.
The Land of Tyre
Tyre is an ancient city state located in modern day Lebanon.
This city had two parts, one on the coast and the other in the sea.
This was a Phoenician city which traded with other Phoenician and
Greek colonies throughout the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Through
its trade, the city became exceedingly wealthy. The city in the sea
was virtually impregnable because of the water which surrounded its
rock island. The city took great pride in its wealth, power and
strength; boasting of its greatness.
Tyre and its king become a picture of what God despises; its pride,
arrogance and sin come under Godís judgment. God uses the imagery
of the King of Tyre as a picture of Satan, echoing his pride and
Chapter 26 Proclamation Against Tyre
Tyre, like the
other nations, rejoiced in Israelís destruction and judgment,
prompting God to proclaim judgment on the city-state by sending King
Nebuchadnezzar as His instrument of judgment.
1 And it came to
pass in the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, that the
word of the Lord came to me, saying,
2 "Son of man,
because Tyre has said against Jerusalem, 'Aha! She is broken who was
the gateway of the peoples; now she is turned over to me; I shall be
filled; she is laid waste.'
3 "Therefore thus
says the Lord God: 'Behold, I am against you, O Tyre, and will cause
many nations to come up against you, as the sea causes its waves to
come up. Ezekiel 26:1-3
7 "For thus
says the Lord God: 'Behold, I will bring against Tyre from the north
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, king of kings, with horses, with
chariots, and with horsemen, and an army with many people.
opposed to the pride of man. Satan appealed to the pride of Adam and
Eve causing them to reject Godís command by telling them, ďyou
will be like God, knowing good and evilĒ.
and all of humanity with them. God not only deals with the sin of
Israel, but with the sin of the other nations of the world in the
process of redemption.
15 "Thus says the
Lord God to Tyre: 'Will the coastlands not shake at the sound of
your fall, when the wounded cry, when slaughter is made in the midst
16 'Then all the
princes of the sea will come down from their thrones, lay aside
their robes, and take off their embroidered garments; they will
clothe themselves with trembling; they will sit on the ground,
tremble every moment, and be astonished at you.
17 'And they will
take up a lamentation for you, and say to you: "How you have
perished, O one inhabited by seafaring men, O renowned city, Who was
strong at sea, She and her inhabitants, Who caused their terror to
be on all her inhabitants! Ezekiel
Tyre is still a city on the coastland of Lebanon, a stronghold of
hatred against the land of Israel as was seen in ancient days.
Hezzbollah claims to have 40,000 missiles pointed at Israel, ready
to launch. In the end-times God will deal with Israel as well as
the other nations of the earth.
Chapter 27 Lamentation of Tyre
is not a creation of Western society; it is an ancient practice
dating from the start of humanity. There is no sin in capitalism,
the sin lies in manís pride and arrogance. Ezekiel gives us a
picture of this fallen pride of self-power and glory as pictured by
Tyre. The arrogance of this nation is despised by God; their people
are deceived in their wealth.
1 The word of the
Lord came again to me, saying,
2 "Now, son of man,
take up a lamentation for Tyre,
3 "and say to Tyre,
'You who are situated at the entrance of the sea, merchant of the
peoples on many coastlands, thus says the Lord God: "O Tyre, you
have said, 'I am perfect in beauty.'
4 Your borders are
in the midst of the seas. Your builders have perfected your beauty.
5 They made all your
planks of fir trees from Senir; They took a cedar from Lebanon to
make you a mast.
6 Of oaks from
Bashan they made your oars; The company of Ashurites have inlaid
your planks With ivory from the coasts of Cyprus.
7 Fine embroidered
linen from Egypt was what you spread for your sail; Blue and purple
from the coasts of Elishah was what covered you.
8 "Inhabitants of
Sidon and Arvad were your oarsmen; Your wise men, O Tyre, were in
you; They became your pilots.
9 Elders of Gebal
and its wise men Were in you to caulk your seams; All the ships of
the sea And their oarsmen were in you To market your merchandise.
10 "Those from
Persia, Lydia, and Libya Were in your army as men of war; They hung
shield and helmet in you; They gave splendor to you.
11 Men of Arvad with
your army were on your walls all around, And the men of Gammad were
in your towers; They hung their shields on your walls all around;
They made your beauty perfect.
12 "Tarshish was
your merchant because of your many luxury goods. They gave you
silver, iron, tin, and lead for your goods.
13 "Javan, Tubal,
and Meshech were your traders. They bartered human lives and vessels
of bronze for your merchandise.
14 "Those from the
house of Togarmah traded for your wares with horses, steeds, and
15 "The men of Dedan
were your traders; many isles were the market of your hand. They
brought you ivory tusks and ebony as payment.
16 "Syria was your
merchant because of the abundance of goods you made. They gave you
for your wares emeralds, purple, embroidery, fine linen, corals, and
17 "Judah and the
land of Israel were your traders. They traded for your merchandise
wheat of Minnith, millet, honey, oil, and balm.
18 "Damascus was
your merchant because of the abundance of goods you made, because of
your many luxury items, with the wine of Helbon and with white wool.
32 In their wailing
for you They will take up a lamentation, And lament for you: 'What
city is like Tyre, Destroyed in the midst of the sea?
33 'When your wares
went out by sea, You satisfied many people; You enriched the kings
of the earth With your many luxury goods and your merchandise.
34 But you are
broken by the seas in the depths of the waters; Your merchandise and
the entire company will fall in your midst.
35 All the
inhabitants of the isles will be astonished at you; Their kings will
be greatly afraid, And their countenance will be troubled.
36 The merchants
among the peoples will hiss at you; You will become a horror, and be
no more forever. Ezekiel 27
Tyre as an example to the world because the kings of the earth are
terrified that such a city could fall. Nebuchadnezzar was the first
wave, followed by Persia, and then Alexander the Great destroyed the
city in the sea after he built a road to the city by filling the
Mediterranean Sea with debris.
in the past, we take great pride in our ability to trade and amass
wealth. Like the past, nations boast in the wealth they gain,
oblivious to sin and Godís judgment. In the end-times, like in the
past, God will deal with the pride of man as judgment rains down on
the earth. Revelation, as in Ezekiel, pictures this same pride in
the last-days before the return of Christ. Babylon, the future
capital city of the earth, will be a city of great wealth
is mourned by all the earth when God destroys her.
9 "The kings of the
earth who committed fornication and lived luxuriously with her will
weep and lament for her, when they see the smoke of her burning,
10 "standing at a
distance for fear of her torment, saying, 'Alas, alas, that great
city Babylon, that mighty city! For in one hour your judgment has
11 "And the
merchants of the earth will weep and mourn over her, for no one buys
their merchandise anymore:
12 "merchandise of
gold and silver, precious stones and pearls, fine linen and purple,
silk and scarlet, every kind of citron wood, every kind of object of
ivory, every kind of object of most precious wood, bronze, iron, and
13 "and cinnamon and
incense, fragrant oil and frankincense, wine and oil, fine flour and
wheat, cattle and sheep, horses and chariots, and bodies and souls
14 "The fruit that
your soul longed for has gone from you, and all the things which are
rich and splendid have gone from you, and you shall find them no
more at all.
15 "The merchants of
these things, who became rich by her, will stand at a distance for
fear of her torment, weeping and wailing,
16 "and saying,
'Alas, alas, that great city that was clothed in fine linen, purple,
and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls!
17 'For in one hour
such great riches came to nothing.' Every shipmaster, all who travel
by ship, sailors, and as many as trade on the sea, stood at a
"and cried out when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, 'What
is like this great city?' Revelation 18:9-18
see the markets collapsing and the nations in turmoil. Why would
God allow such tribulation in the financial markets? Could God be
judging the world? Has the world today rejected God and His laws,
while still desiring His blessings?
Chapter 28 Proclamation against the King of Tyre
The king of
the city of Tyre becomes a picture of the fallen pride of man and
the fallen pride of Satan. How many times do we feel like this king
in our accomplishments? Notice the utter disdain God takes in human
1 The word of the
Lord came to me again, saying,
2 "Son of man, say
to the prince of Tyre, 'Thus says the Lord God: "Because your heart
is lifted up, And you say, 'I am a god, I sit in the seat of
gods, In the midst of the seas,' Yet you are a man, and not a
god, Though you set your heart as the heart of a god
3 (Behold, you are
wiser than Daniel! There is no secret that can be hidden from you!
4 With your wisdom
and your understanding You have gained riches for yourself, And
gathered gold and silver into your treasuries;
5 By your great
wisdom in trade you have increased your riches, And your heart is
lifted up because of your riches),"
6 'Therefore thus
says the Lord God: "Because you have set your heart as the heart of
7 Behold, therefore,
I will bring strangers against you, The most terrible of the
nations; And they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your
wisdom, And defile your splendor.
8 They shall throw
you down into the Pit, And you shall die the death of the slain In
the midst of the seas.
end of this king is in the Pit or Hell. His pride was a
self-deception; he sets an example for all of us of human pride.
This is the same sin dealt with in the last-days as God judges the
pride of man. The nation of Israel in the last days turns to God in
repentance, while the nations turn against God. Israel cries out to
the Lord in repentance when they finally understand their fallen
condition and their false sense of power.
Lamentation for the King of Tyre
King of Tyre also becomes an illustration of the fall of Satan.
Satan is pictured as the King of Tyre who, like Satan, saw himself
as a god. God judges Satan for this pride by casting him to the
12 "Son of man, take
up a lamentation for the king of Tyre, and say to him, 'Thus says
the Lord God: "You were the seal of perfection, Full of wisdom and
perfect in beauty.
13 You were in
Eden, the garden of God; Every precious stone was your covering:
The sardius, topaz, and diamond, Beryl, onyx, and jasper, Sapphire,
turquoise, and emerald with gold. The workmanship of your timbrels
and pipes Was prepared for you on the day you were created.
14 "You were the
anointed cherub who covers; I established you; You were on the
holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of
15 You were perfect
in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was
found in you.
16 "By the abundance
of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you
sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain
of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of
the fiery stones.
17 "Your heart
was lifted up because of your beauty; You corrupted your wisdom for
the sake of your splendor; I cast you to the ground, I laid you
before kings, That they might gaze at you.
18 "You defiled your
sanctuaries By the multitude of your iniquities, By the iniquity of
your trading; Therefore I brought fire from your midst; It devoured
you, And I turned you to ashes upon the earth In the sight of all
who saw you.
19 All who knew you
among the peoples are astonished at you; You have become a horror,
And shall be no more forever." ' " Ezekiel 28:12-19
inherited this fallen nature from Adam and Eve. We are like Satan
in our fallen nature; our hearts are lifted up by our beauty and
pride and corrupted by our splendor. Advertisements are geared
toward our fallen nature and pride.
contrasted with the nations
25 'Thus says the
Lord God: "When I have gathered the house of Israel from the
peoples among whom they are scattered, and am hallowed in them in
the sight of the Gentiles, then they will dwell in their own land
which I gave to My servant Jacob.
26 "And they will
dwell safely there, build houses, and plant vineyards; yes, they
will dwell securely, when I execute judgments on all those around
them who despise them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord
their God." Ezekiel 28;25-26
The Land of Egypt
Israel put their hope in Egypt rather than turning to God;
they looked for Egypt to rescue them from Babylon. The nation
rejected Godís word through the prophet Jeremiah, who instructed the
nation to repent and be obedient to Nebuchadnezzar, who God had sent
in judgment. They rejected Jeremiahís words and conspired against
their judgment by looking to Egypt, the land of their captivity, for
help. Here, God brings judgment against Egypt.
Chapter 29: Proclamation against Egypt,
given Egypt as his reward for the siege against the city of Tyre.
The kingdom of Babylon is Godís instrument of judgment against the
1 In the tenth year,
in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the word of the
Lord came to me, saying,
2 "Son of man, set
your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him,
and against all Egypt.
3 "Speak, and say,
'Thus says the Lord God: "Behold, I am against you, O Pharaoh king
of Egypt, O great monster who lies in the midst of his rivers, Who
has said, 'My River is my own; I have made it for myself.'
4 But I will put
hooks in your jaws, And cause the fish of your rivers to stick to
your scales; I will bring you up out of the midst of your rivers,
And all the fish in your rivers will stick to your scales.
6 "Then all the
inhabitants of Egypt Shall know that I am the Lord, Because they
have been a staff of reed to the house of Israel.
7 When they took
hold of you with the hand, You broke and tore all their shoulders;
When they leaned on you, You broke and made all their backs quiver."
8 'Therefore thus
says the Lord God: "Surely I will bring a sword upon you and cut off
from you man and beast.
19 "Therefore thus
says the Lord God: 'Surely I will give the land of Egypt to
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; he shall take away her wealth, carry
off her spoil, and remove her pillage; and that will be the wages
for his army.
20 'I have given
him the land of Egypt for his labor, because they worked for Me,'
says the Lord God.
21 'In that day I
will cause the horn of the house of Israel to spring forth, and I
will open your mouth to speak in their midst. Then they shall know
that I am the Lord.' "
Chapter 30: Egypt and its allies will Fall
Nebuchadnezzar also comes against Egyptís allies. God is judging
the nations as well as His people; this will be the same in the end
times. The Day of the Lord is the day of Godís wrath; the time of
the Gentiles is when Gentiles prosper over Godís people. The
existence of Israel as a nation signals a closing of this time and
the beginning of the transition to the Kingdom of God.
1 The word of the
Lord came to me again, saying,
2 "Son of man,
prophesy and say, 'Thus says the Lord God: "Wail, 'Woe to the day!'
3 For the day is
near, Even the day of the Lord is near; It will be a day of
clouds, the time of the Gentiles.
4 The sword shall
come upon Egypt, And great anguish shall be in Ethiopia, When the
slain fall in Egypt, And they take away her wealth, And her
foundations are broken down.
5 "Ethiopia, Libya,
Lydia, all the mingled people, Chub, and the men of the lands who
are allied, shall fall with them by the sword."
Chapter 31: Egypt cut down like a Tree
Assyria, Egypt is pictured as a great tree cut down by God. Egypt,
like Tyre, was filled with pride in its great accomplishments.
10 "Therefore thus
says the Lord God: 'Because you have increased in height, and it set
its top among the thick boughs, and its heart was lifted up in its
11 'therefore I will
deliver it into the hand of the mighty one of the nations, and he
shall surely deal with it; I have driven it out for its wickedness.
12 'And aliens, the
most terrible of the nations, have cut it down and left it; its
branches have fallen on the mountains and in all the valleys; its
boughs lie broken by all the rivers of the land; and all the peoples
of the earth have gone from under its shadow and left it.
Chapter 32: Lamentation for Pharaoh and Egypt
destination for the nations and Pharaoh is the Pit or Hell. Here we
see nations of the earth gathered for their judgment. It is a sad
picture of human folly.
18 "Son of man, wail
over the multitude of Egypt, And cast them down to the depths of the
earth, Her and the daughters of the famous nations, With those who
go down to the Pit:
19 'Whom do you
surpass in beauty? Go down, be placed with the uncircumcised.'
20 "They shall fall
in the midst of those slain by the sword; She is delivered to the
sword, Drawing her and all her multitudes.
21 The strong among
the mighty Shall speak to him out of the midst of hell With
those who help him: 'They have gone down, They lie with the
uncircumcised, slain by the sword.'
22 "Assyria is
there, and all her company, With their graves all around her,
All of them slain, fallen by the sword.
23 Her graves are
set in the recesses of the Pit, And her company is all around her
grave, All of them slain, fallen by the sword, Who caused terror in
the land of the living.
24 "There is Elam
and all her multitude, All around her grave, All of them slain,
fallen by the sword, Who have gone down uncircumcised to the lower
parts of the earth, Who caused their terror in the land of the
living; Now they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.
25 They have set her
bed in the midst of the slain, With all her multitude, With her
graves all around it, All of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword;
Though their terror was caused In the land of the living, Yet they
bear their shame With those who go down to the Pit; It was put in
the midst of the slain.
26 "There are
Meshech and Tubal and all their multitudes, With all their
graves around it, All of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword,
Though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
27 They do not lie
with the mighty Who are fallen of the uncircumcised, Who have gone
down to hell with their weapons of war; They have laid their swords
under their heads, But their iniquities will be on their bones,
Because of the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.
28 Yes, you shall be
broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, And lie with those slain
by the sword.
29 "There is
Edom, Her kings and all her princes, Who despite their might Are
laid beside those slain by the sword; They shall lie with the
uncircumcised, And with those who go down to the Pit.
30 There are the
princes of the north, All of them, and all the Sidonians, Who
have gone down with the slain In shame at the terror which they
caused by their might; They lie uncircumcised with those slain by
the sword, And bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.
31 "Pharaoh will see
them And be comforted over all his multitude, Pharaoh and all his
army, Slain by the sword," Says the Lord God.
32 "For I have
caused My terror in the land of the living; And he shall be placed
in the midst of the uncircumcised With those slain by the sword,
Pharaoh and all his multitude," Says the Lord God.