Since every religion must have had a Source from which
it sprung, so this last faith, Islam, must like all
others have had its originating cause. Accepted neither
by Jews nor Christians, many treatises have been written
to convert it. These have been answered by Moslems in
such Works as the Mizhn ool Mavazin; but unfortunately
the learning of the Authors of these defenses of Islam
has not been equal to their zeal. The Object of the
present work is to investigate the various theories
which have been put forward as to the origin of Islam.
The Author first states briefly the Moslem view, and
then examines the claim of those who hold that Islam has
a human and not a divine origin.
this new endeavor, it has been the Author's object, by
God's help, to show from whence the Moslem faith has
risen, its foundation and origin, in other words, its
Source. And he trusts that those who study the following
pages, having learned the origin of the Faith, may not
lose sight of those Sources whence has arisen the vast
stream which has overflowed so many nations of the East.
SOURCE OF ISLAM ACCORDING
Moslems hold that their Faith came
direct from heaven. The Koran and all their tenets were
sent down by Gabriel from God himself to Mohammed. Much
of their faith is also built upon Tradition handed down
by the Prophet's followers. But the Shieahs differ from
the Sunnis as to much that is told us by Tradition; and
the Author, therefore, has based his arguments mainly on
the Koran which is accepted as divine by every Moslem,
and on such tradition as is comfortable thereto. As for
the Koran, it is held to be of eternal origin, recorded
in heaven, and lying as it does there upon the
"Preserved Table" (Surah Ixxxv. 21).
Thus God alone is held to be the "Source" of
Islam; and if so, then all effort to find a human origin
for any part of it must be in vain. Now, if we can trace
the teaching of any part of it, to an earthly Source, or
to human systems existing previous to the Prophet's age,
then Islam at once falls to the ground.
therefore behooves every true and earnest Believer, with
the utmost diligence to test whether this claim be true
or not. If their opponents can bring to light no human
Source, they may contend that by admission Islam is
indeed divine; but if otherwise, they cannot but
perceive what fatal conclusion must be drawn. Let us
then test the assertions of those who hold to the
existence of human Sources, and see whether any portion
of the doctrines and tenets of Islam can be traced to
other Faiths or Sources preceding the Prophet's age, or
existing at the time.
also Surah vi. 19 and xcvii. 1. Also Ibn Khaldun,
i. 194 and ii. 458.