History of Islam:
Arabian Peninsula the birthplace of Islam is one of the hottest
and driest regions in the world, consisting mainly of deserts.
Since ancient times tribes of the nomadic race had populated the
region. Considered the descendents of Noah’s third son Shem they
are called Semites. Over the centuries theses Semitic people
have migrated into the Fertile Crescent and were assimilated to
into existing civilizations.
sixth century AD, north of the Arabian Peninsula two great
powers were locked in a seesaw power struggle. The Christian
Byzantine kingdom, successors of the Roman Empire
was to the Northwest and controlled the Mediterranean Sea, North
Africa and the lands of Palestine. In the northeast lay the
Zoroastrian Persian kingdom. Both the Byzantine and Persian
kingdoms had client Arab tribes allied to their cause of trade
Arabian Peninsula became a land of refuge for those seeking
escape from both of these empires. Heretic Christian sects like
the Nestorians, and Jewish tribes escaping the oppressive
Byzantines found refuge in the protective deserts and cities of
was divided into tribes and cities. Each city had gods and
goddess. Once a year the tribes and cities of Arabia would meet
in the city of Mecca during an event known as the Hajj. In
Mecca, the Kaba (Cube), a large cube shaped building housed 360
idols from all the tribes of Arabia. The Kaba was the center of
Arabian religious life. Here all the warring tribes would put
aside their differences as they circled the Kaba. From the Kaba
they would proceed to the other shrines outside of Mecca
during this five day religious event. The Hajj was a tradition
that Arabs of the peninsula remembered going back hundreds of
It was in
this world Mohammad Ibn Abdallah was born in the year 570 AD in
the city of Mecca. His father died before he was born and his
mother Amina died when he was 6 years old. Al-Muttalib his
grandfather took charge of the youth and died 2 years later. Abu
Talib his uncle adopted young Mohammed into his family and
raised him as his own son. At the age of 12, young Mohammed was
taken on a caravan-trading venture to Syria and experienced the
world outside of Arabia for the first time. Here Islamic
tradition informs us that a Christian monk named Buhaira,
proclaimed Talib’s young nephew is the last prophet and warns
him about the Jews. For the next 13 years little is known of his
life except that he was involved in caravan trading in and out
age of 25, Mohammed marries a 40 year old wealthy, widow named
Khadijah who owns trading caravans. During the next 15 years of
his life he interactes with Arabs known as the Hanefites.
Hanefites were Arabs who rejected idol worship and were
searching for the true religion. They looked to the religion of
the Jews and Christians as being close to the goal. The
Hanefites abandonded their idols and would retreat to the caves
in meditation and prayer.
At age 40
Mohammed had his first vision in the year 610 AD. He was in a
cave on Mt. Hera and thought he was demon possessed. He went to
Khadijah and told her about the event. She consulted with her
uncle Waraca, a Hanefite who converted to Christianity, who
assured them Mohammed vision was from God. Waraca declared
Mohammed was a prophet to the Arab peoples, Waraca died 2 years
later never becoming a Muslim.
proclaimed Allah as the one true god and rejected the idol
worship of Mecca. Khadijah, his wife, was Mohammed first convert
to Islam. Few listened to Mohammed’s message and animosity grew
against him as he confronted the idol worshippers and preached
his religion to Mecca. Abu Talib his uncle and his tribe the
Hasims protected him during this early Meccan period. In 619
Khadijah and Abu Talib died. Abu Talib headed the Hasim clan,
which Mohammed was a member. The new leader of the Hasim tribe
his uncle Abu Lahab refused to protect Mohammed. During the next
3 years Mohammed would fear for his life. He sought refuge and
protection in nearby cities from those seeking his life.
621 during the Hajj, Arab tribes from the city of Yatrob later
to be called Medina, came for the annual pilgrimage. They met
Mohammed and thought him to be a prophet and invited him to
their city to bring peace and settle disputes between the
warring tribes. Yathrob was founded by three Jewish tribes and
the idea of monotheism was familiar to its Arab tribesmen. The
Arabs of Medina had been told by Jewish tribesmen about the
coming Messiah who would one day conquer the world including the
Arabs. The Arab tribes hoped to find this individual before the
Jews. Meeting Mohammed they thought he was the one.
year the situation became intolerable for the Muslims and in in
June 622 they made what has become known as the Hejira or
flight. In small groups the 150 Muslims of Mecca left for the
city of Medina
280 miles to the north. When word reached those of Mecca
about the escape to Medina they
tried to kill Mohammed. Mohammed and Abu Bakr were able to sneak
out of the city and escape to Medina by another route in
the warring Arab tribes submitted to Mohammed leadership and
prophet-hood. The Jewish tribes rejected his claims of prophet
and ridiculed his revelations. With most of the new arrivals
from Mecca without work they needed to earn a living. Ghazu or
caravan raiding was a way tribes would prevent one tribe from
becoming to powerful. The Muslims in Medina began to rob the
caravans heading toward Mecca.
This is where the Muslim doctrine of Jihad was created.
their caravan business being threatened, Mecca
responds with one thousand solders at the battle of Bedr in
March 624 the Muslims fielded 300 warriors. The battle went to
the Muslims. Mohammed proclaimed his victory was a sign from
Allah and his status in Medina was
magnified. The lack of enthusiasm by one of the Jewish tribes
caused them to be expelled by the victorious Muslim army. The
direction of prayer was also changed from Jerusalem to Mecca as
the Jews rejected Mohammad’s prophet-hood.
one year latter Mecca amassed 3000 solders at the battle of Uhud
and the Muslims fielded 1000 solders. The battle did not go as
planned. The Muslims defeated by Mecca
retreated to Medina. Disheartened, Muslims blamed the second
Jewish tribe as conspirators against their cause. Their homes
and possessions were confiscated, and they are expelled from the
city in 626 AD.
Meccans in the hope of ending the caravan raids by the Muslims
assembled 10,000 solders to attack the city of Medina
in the year 627. After a two weeks siege in the hot sun they are
unable to penetrate the fortress like city. They returned to
Mecca. After this unsuccessful attack, Mohammed and the Muslims
attacked the last remaining Jewish tribe. The tribe surrendered
to the mercy of Mohammed. The men were killed and the women and
children were sold into slavery.
Muslims then begin to consolidate their power with the
surrounding Arab tribes and cities.
began to feel the economic impact of its trading losses and
Mohammed’s power grew in the north. They reluctantly signed the
10 year Hudaybiah peace agreement with Mohammed and the Muslims
in march 628. Muslims are allowed to return to Mecca
and worship at the Kaba once a year. The people of Mecca would
leave their city so the Muslim could come and worship.
later, in January 630, Mohammed leads 10,000 warriors to Mecca
and nullifies the treaty of Hudaybiah because Muslims have been
killed. The city submits to Mohammed and his warriors and
accepts him as prophet. Mohammed goes to the Kaba and destroys
the 360 idols in the structure. From Mecca, the “Muslims” wage
Jihad on the surrounding cities forcing them to accept Islam as
their religion and Mohammed as their prophet.
made his final Hajj in 632 and died unexpectedly 3 months later
in June. His friend and father in law Abu Bakr (Father of Aisha)
succeeded him as leader of the Muslims
received the title “Caliph” or successor of Mohammed. Their was
a struggle for about who would succeed Mohammad, some felt Ali
the husband of Fatima,
Mohammed’s daughter deserved the position. Under Abu Bakr
Islam's power in Arabian
peninsula was completed. In 634 AD Abu Bakr died and was
succeeded by Umar (Omar) the 2nd Caliphate.
advanced the Muslim armies against Syria
and Palestine. In 637 A D, the armies of Byzantium lost control
of Jerusalem to Islam. Uthman the 3rd Caliph
succeeded Umar. Uthman ordered a complete revision of the Quran,
this would cause a mutiny. He was killed and his death was
considered justified because the mutineers claimed he ceased to
be a Muslim. Following Uthman’s There was a struggle between
rival factions of Islam about who was the rightful successor to
Ali the 4th
Caliph, Mohammad’s son-in-law and husband of Fatima, succeeded
Uthman everybody did not accept him as rightful Caliphate. War
broke out between the rival groups, his succession was short
lived, 2 years later he was killed, the Shi’a (Party of
Ali) mourned the death of Ali, and his two sons (Grandsons of
Mohammed). Ali is revered as a saint by the Shi’a who are
dominate in Iran and Iraq. The Shi’a feel Ali was the rightful
successor to Mohammed and don’t recognize the three earlier
Caliphs. The Sunnis accept Ali and the first three
the defeat the Byzantines and Persian kingdoms in successive
battles, the armies of Islam advanced on Europe. Within 100
years of Mohammad’s death the armies of Islam reached the city
of Tours, in France. In Tours the Muslim advance was
the Battle of Tours Charles Martel the grandfather of
Charlemagne defeated the advancing Muslim armies. From Tours
Muslim power in Europe
retreated and in the 1489 Fredinand and Isabella of Spain
defeated the last remaining forces in Spain.
Later, the Ottoman Empire would retreat from the rest of Europe.
East, Islam was also expanding by the 13th century; Islam had
reached the Pacific
Ocean. The Islamic faith now spanned from the Atlantic
to the Pacific. Ferdinand Magellan, in his attempt to bypass
Muslim controlled areas in the Indian
Ocean, found the passageway to Asia via the Atlantic Ocean. His
desire was to bring Christianity to Asia,
before Islam. Magellan was successful in introducing
Christianity to the Philippines (Named after King Philip of
Spain) Islam and Christianity met in the Philippines as the
Northern Islands were converted to Christianity and the Southern
parts of the Philippines and Indonesia were converted to
Islam. Islam and Christianity became the two major rival
religions in the world.
Islam today is in conflict, between western secular
culture and traditional Islamic culture. The growth of Islamic
Fundamentalism is an attempt to reach back to the glories of
Islamic history. Many Fundamentalist (Muslim) ask themselves the
question, If Islam is the religion of Allah, why are we being
defeated by the West (United States) and Israel. The
fundamentalist sees the problem with the failure of Islamic
nations to live as the Quran commands. This view of not living
the life required by Allah, as specified in the Quran and
traditions and therefore being defeated by the West, is the
spark of fundamentalism. Today in Islam there is a struggle
between moderate and fundamentalist ideology.
Understanding the books of the Islamic faith is just
as important to understanding its history. The books of Islam
shape both the culture and philosophy of the Muslim world
Books of Islam
History of the Quran:
“Reading” The Quran is the “Word of God” to Islam. About 4/5 the
length of the New Testament. Muslims believe the identical book
is in Heaven and Allah sent the angel Gabriel to Mohammed to
reveal his “Word”. The Quran is divided into 114 chapters or
Surahs. The Surahs are revelations given to Mohammed during his
23 years of “Prophethood” from 610 AD to 632 AD.
Quran, composed during Mohammed’s lifetime corresponds to the
time and circumstances of his life. The Surahs or chapters can
be divided into three time periods.
The earliest Surahs are the shortest and known as Early
Meccan, and date from 610 to 622 AD. Composed in Mecca,
prior to Hejira where Mohammed fled to Medina in September 622
Median Surahs were composed during the time Muslims
controlled the city of Medina. They date from 622 to 630 AD. The
doctrine of Jihad was introduced as war was waged against Mecca
and its idol worshipers. Animosity toward the Jews and
Christians increased as they rejected Mohammed as a prophet from
Surahs were between 630 and 632 AD. The last 2 years of
Mohammed’s life after Mecca surrendered to his authority.
were at this time not collected in one book but were memorized
and collected on various items. In the battle of Yamamah in 633
AD many of the Hafiz died. The Hafiz were Muslims who had
committed much of the Quran to memory. With the urging of Umar,
Zayd ibn Thabit, one of Mohammed most trusted secretaries was
appointed to the task of collecting the Quran into one book.
Still later after different versions of the quran began to
appear Zayd was put in charge of collecting all the Qurans
throughout the Muslim world and issuing an authorized copy in
the place of ones collected.
makes the appeal to its beauty and consistency with previous
scriptures as proof of its inspiration.
And if ye are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to
time to Our servant, then produce a Surah like thereunto; and
call your witnesses or helpers (if there are any) besides Allah,
if your (doubts) are true.
24 But if ye cannot - and
of a surety ye cannot - then fear the Fire whose fuel is Men and
Stones - which is prepared for those who reject Faith. Surah
“Tradition” After the death of Mohammed, his followers collected
his sayings and actions in books to guide and direct their
beliefs. They give additional meaning behind the Surahs and help
interpret their meanings. The most respected Hadith are Bukari,
and Muslim. Muslims do not feel the Hadith is the “Word of God”.
They would compare the Hadith, to the Gospels, which reports
what Jesus said. The Quran is the Word of God from Heaven via
Who is a
Muslim: A Muslim is someone who has submitted to Allah. One
submits to Allah by confession of the Shahada or the 5 pillars
of faith. Besides the five major beliefs or doctrines in Islam,
there are these are observances in Islam which are foundational
practices or duties every Muslim must observe.
Five Pillars of Faith
1. “The Confession” "La ilaha illa llah" "There is no God
but God." The Shahada, (Testimoney)
Kalima There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the Prophet of
2. Salat Prayer 5 times a day facing Mecca
3. Zakat Almsgiving
4. Fasting during the month of Ramadan, from sun-up till
5. Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca once a lifetime
Beliefs of Islam
Five Articles of Faith
There is only one true God and his name is Allah. Allah is all
knowing, all-powerful and sovereign judge. Yet Allah is not a
personal God, for he is so far above man in every way that he is
not personally knowable. The emphasis of the God of Islam is on
judgment and power, not grace and mercy. To the Muslim mind,
calling God father means God connotes sexual relationship.
Allah! there is no god but He, the living, the self subsisting,
eternal. No slumber can seize him nor heavens and on earth. Who
is there can intercede in his presence except as he permitteth?
he knoweth what (appeareth to his creatures as) before or after
or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of his knowledge
except as he willeth. His throne doth extend over the heavens
and the earth, and he feeleth no fatigue in guarding and
preserving them for he is the most high, the supreme (in
Angels in Islam serve Allah’s will such as Gabriel delivering
the Koran to Mohammed. Angels do not perform any bodily
functions (sexual, eating., etc) as they are created of light.
Angels serve different purposes; each person has two recording
angels who record his/her good or bad deeds.
Are spiritual beings created out of fire….who are ranked between
angels and men and can be either good or bad. Satan was a Jinn
and not a fallen angel according to Islam.
And the Jinn race, we had created before, from the fire of a
A Jinn who refused to fall prostrate before Adam after he was
created. He is the leader of evil ones in the world.
And (remember) when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate
and they fell prostrate,
all save Iblis. He was of the Jinn, so he
rebelled against his Lord's
command. Will ye choose him and his seed for
your protecting friends
instead of Me, when they are an enemy unto you?
Calamitous is the exchange
for evil doers!
There are four inspired books in Islam: Quran, Torah, Ingil and
Zabur. The Torah, Ingil and Zabur: “Books of
Moses, The Gospel of Jesus, and Psalms of David” These are books
mentioned in the Koran as God’s Word but most Moslems feel the
current books are corrupt. For this reason Allah gave Mohammed
the “Quran”. Many Muslims try to find Mohammed in the Bible and
feel he is referred to in Deuteronomy 18:16, John 14:6.
In Islam God has spoken through numerous prophets down through
the centuries, including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus.
The greatest prophet and the last prophet is Muhammmad, he is
the seal of the prophets.
We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the
Messengers after him: We sent inspiration to Abraham, ismail
Ismaÿil, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah,
Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the Psalms.
164 Of some messengers We
have already told thee the story; of others We have not- and to
Moses Allah spoke direct-
The last days will be a time of Ressurrection and judgment.:
Everybody will be resurrected to stand before Allah to be judged
in the Last Day. Those who follow Allah and Mohammed will go to
Paradise others will go to Hell. Everybody will pass through
Hell and even some Muslim will spend time in Hell till their
sins are burned away and Mohammad intercedes for them.
Hell is a place of Allah judgment where Muslims will spend
sometime before entering paradise, unbelievers will have no
escape. Muslim’s believe Mohammed will intercede for them and
deliver them from Hell.
Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: The (permanent)
inhabitants of the Fire are those who are doomed to it, and
verily they would neither die nor live in it (quran al-QurŸan,
xx.47; liiixii.13). But the people whom the Fire would afflict
(temporarily) on account of their sins, or so said (the
narrator) "on account of their misdeeds," He would cause them to
die till they would be turned into charcoal. Then they would be
granted intercession and would be brought in groups and
would be spread on the rivers of Paradise and then it would be
said: O inhabitants of Paradise, pour water over them; then
they would sprout forth like the sprouting of seed in the silt
carried by flood. A man among the people said: (It appears) as
if the Messenger of Allah lived in the steppe.
AL-MUWATTA of Imam Malik (Hadith)
Abdullah ibn Abbas
Then I saw the Fire - and I
have never seen anything more hideous than what I saw today -
and I saw that most of its people were women.'
They said, 'Why, Messenger
He said, 'Because of their
Someone said, 'Are they
ungrateful to Allah?'
He said, 'They are
ungrateful to their husbands and they are ungrateful for good
behaviour (towards them). Even if you were to behave well
towards one of them for a whole lifetime and then she were to
see you do something (that she did not like) she would say that
she had never seen anything good from you.'"
Described in the Quaran as place underneath the Earth that flows
with rivers of wine and “wide eyed” virgins of beauty.
And round about them will (serve) youths of perpetual
(freshness): If thou seest them, thou wouldst think them
And when thou lookest, it is there thou wilt see a Bliss and a
21 Upon them will be green
Garments of fine silk and heavy brocade, and they will be
adorned with bracelets of silver; and their Lord will give to
them to drink of a Wine Pure and Holy.
22 Verily this is a Reward
for you, and your Endeavour is accepted and recognized.
Surah 76:19-22 See Also
Christianity and Islam
Jesus is just a prophet and not the Son of God. He is only a
prophet to the Jews who was not crucified but was caught up into
Heaven. God placed a substitute in his place on the cross. Many
Muslims feel the substitute was Judas. Jesus is the Messiah who
is coming at the end. He will kill all the Jews, Christians and
pigs break all crosses get married and die 40 years later and be
buried in Medina next to Mohammed. The Resurrection will follow.
That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of
Mary, the Messenger of Allah"- but they killed him not, nor
crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those
who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain)
knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they
killed him not-
158 Nay, Allah raised him
up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise- Surah
So peace is on me The day I
was born, the day that I die, and the day that
I shall be raised up to
Holy Spirit: The angel Gabriel is recognized as
the Holy Spirit within Islam, or as some commentators think
angels in general.
ye two turn is repentance to Him, your hearts are indeed so
inclined; but if ye back up each other against him, truly Allah
is his Protector, and Gabriel, and (every) righteous one among
those who believe, and furthermore, the angels will back (him)
The Muslims believe in salvation by obedience to Allah. Mohammed
will intercede on the behalf of Muslims before Allah. In a
scale, Allah will weight the sins and good deeds to determine
the punishment. Time in Hell will be necessary to pay for sins
that outweigh good deeds. After which the “Muslims” will be
accepted into Paradise. Non-Believers will go to Hell with no
hope of escape. Those who die in Jihad or Holy War will go
directly to Paradise where 72 virgins will be awaiting him.
ibn madikarib Ma'dikarib (Hadith)
MISHKAT AL-MASABIH (Hadith)
Allah's Messenger (peace be
upon him) said, "The martyr receives six good things from Allah:
he is forgiven at the first shedding of his blood; he is shown
his abode in Paradise; he is preserved from the punishment in
the grave; he is kept safe from the greatest terror; he has
placed on his head the crown of honour, a ruby of which is
better than the world and what it contains; he is married to
seventy-two wives of the maidens with large dark eyes; and is
made intercessor for seventy of his relatives."
Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah
MISHKAT AL-MASABIH (Hadith)
Allah's Messenger (peace be
upon him) said, "The lowliest of the inhabitants of Paradise
will be he who has eighty thousand servants, seventy-two wives,
and for whom a round pavilion of pearls, chrysoprase and rubies
as large as the distance between al-Jabiyah and San'a will be
set up." By the same isnad he said, "Those who are to go to
die whether young or old,
Man is born sinless and all people are Muslims at birth. But
lack of obedience to Allah is sin. Sin is by action only and not
Sources of the Quran:
the Quran come from? The Quran claims Allah is its source of
the Quran is a copy of an identical book is written in Heaven
that was given Gabriel to give to Mohammad in intervals.
We sent down the (Quran) in truth, and in truth has it
descended: and we sent thee but to give glad tidings and to warn
106 (It is) a Quran which
we have divided (into parts from time to him), in order that
thou mightest recite it to men at intervals: we have revealed it
gives us a different answer. The Quran’s content can be traced
to sources in existence prior to Mohammed birth. A few of these
sources can be found below.
Jewish sources of the Quran
Visit by the queen of Sheba
in Sura 27:17-30
Solomon were marshalled his hosts, of Jinns and men and birds,
and they were all kept in order and ranks.
18 At length, when they
came to a (lowly) valley of ants, one of the ants said: O ye
ants, get into your habitations, lest Solomon and his hosts
crush you (under foot) without knowing it.
story is recorded almost verbatim in the Talmud work II Targum
of Ester 1,2
Abraham saved from Nimrod’s Fire
as recorded in the following Suras 2:260, 6:74-84, 21:52-72,
19:42-50, 26:69-79, 24:15-16, 37:81-95,
aforetime on Abraham his rectitude of conduct, and well were we
Acquainted with him.
52 Behold! he said to his
father and his people, what are these images, to which ye are
(so assiduously) devoted? 53 They said, we found Our fathers
Sura 21: 52-53
source for this story is from the Midrash Rabbah on Genesis
Cain and Abel Sura 5:30-35
Then Allah sent a raven, who scratched the ground, to show him
how to hid the shame of his brother. Woe is me said he; was I
not even able to be as this raven, and to hide the shame of my
brother? then he became full of regrets
source of this story can be found in the book
Pirke Rabbi Eleaszer in the Midrash. The only difference being
that the crow shows Adam not Cain how to bury Abel.
Harut and Marut The two angles of Babylon.
They followed what the evil ones gave out (falsely) against the
power of Solomon: the blasphemers were, not Solomon, but the
evil ones, teaching men magic, and such things as came down at
the angels Harut and Marut.
story is taken from the Midrash Yalkut the only difference being
the two angels named are Shamhazi and Azael. But the names of
Harut and Marut were two idols worshipped far back in Armenia.
They were assistants to the female goddess Aspandaramit. The
Zoroastrians regarded her as the spirit of the earth.
Heretical Christian Sources
Seven Sleepers, or Companions of the Cave.
Or dost thou reflect that the companions of the cave and of the
inscription were wonders among our Signs?
10 Behold, the youths
betook themselves to the cave: they said, our Lord bestow on us
mercy from thyself, and dispose of our affair for us in the
11 Then we draw (a veil)
over their ears, for a number of years,
in the cave, (so that they
heard not): Sura 18:9-11
legend is Greek and is found in the Latin work of Gregory of
Tours. Seven men of the city of Ephesus take refuge from
persecution in a cave during the reign of Decius (249-251 AD)
they wake in the reign of Theodorus II 447 AD. Christianity
being the faith of the empire. This was a mere story to
illustrate the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire.
Quranic view of Paradise
Sura 55:72, 56:22
them will (serve) youths of perpetual (freshness),
18 With goblets, (shining)
beakers, and cups (filled) out of Clear flowing fountains:
19 No after ache will they
receive therefrom, nor will they suffer intoxication:
20 And with fruits, any
that they may select;
21 And the flesh of fowls,
any that they may desire.
22 And (there will be)
Companions with beautiful, big, and lustrous eyes
picture of Paradise with beautiful virgins waiting for men is
not found in any of the Old or New Testament but can be traced
to the Zoroastrian concept of Paradise Paries or Fairies
–spirits in bright array and beautiful, to captivate the heart
of a man. The name houry is derived from an Avesta or Pahlavi
source. As well as jinn for genii and bihvisht (Paradise)
signifying in Avestic “The better land”.
is a hard-line literal view of the world through the eyes of the
Quran. Islam is at war with Jews and Christians for world
domination in the cause of Allah. As the earlier Muslims were at
war with cities refusing to accept Mohammed as the prophet,
Fundamentalist see themselves involved in a Jihad
or Holy War against the West.
Fundamentalist see the United States as Satan’s power in the
battle with Islam. Television, movies, alcohol, carnal
lifestyles and their influence on Muslim countries pits the US
and the West at war with Islam. Furthermore, the United
support for Israel enrages Muslims, Israel is seen as Enemy
No.1 to Muslim nations. For three main reasons;
is great deal of hostility toward Jews within the Koran
and Hadith. They view Jews are seen as the killers of prophets
and enemies of God. Muslims who are strict students of the Koran
see themselves at war with Jews.
Bukari ( Hadith)
Allah's Apostle (peace be
upon him) said: The Last Hour would not come unless the Muslims
will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them
until the Jews would hide themselves behind a stone or a tree
and a stone or a tree would say: Muslim, or the servant of
Allah, there is a Jew behind me; come and kill him; but the tree
Gharqad would not say, for it is the tree of the Jews.
ye who believe take not the Jews and the Christians for your
friends and protectors: they are but friends and protectors to
each other. And he amongst you that turns to them (for
friendship) is of them. Verily Allah guideth not a people
unjust. Surah 5:51
formerly held by Muslims and Fundamentalist see themselves as
solders in a battle to regain the land. Palestinian suffering is
a rallying cry to Muslim nations for Jihad.
Jerusalem and The Dome of the Rock: The location of
is the 3rd most Holy Place to Muslims. And Jerusalem has been a
Holy Muslim city for the last 13 centuries. The Dome of the Rock
was built on the Temple site to demonstrate Islam as the final
religion in the world. Jewish talk of rebuilding the Temple
infuriates the Muslim world.
situation with Israel,
the West and Islam cause Fundamentalist to apply the principle
of Jihad to the West. America is seen as idolatrous Mecca who
stood in the way of the Islam advance. Attacks on the West via
terrorism are seen as justified based on the attacks on the
enemies of Islam in the same way the early armies of Islam waged
war on its enemies.
Jihad is battle in the cause of Allah in which the fighter gains
immediate entry to Paradise. The Muslim has the right to slay
anybody who has attacked Muslim sovereignty. This was considered
one of the
Allah hath purchased of the Believers their persons and their
goods; for their (in return) is the Garden (of Paradise):
they fight in His Cause, and slay and are slain: a promise
binding on Him in Truth, through the Law, the Gospel, and the
quran QurŸan: and who is more faithful to his Covenant than
Allah? Then rejoice in the bargain which ye have concluded: that
is the achievement supreme.
they withdraw not from you nor give you (guarantees) of peace
besides restraining their hands, seize them and slay them
wherever ye get them: in their case we have provided you with a
clear argument against them.
Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not
transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.
191 And slay them wherever
ye catch them, and turn them out from where they have turned you
out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but
fight them not at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight
you there; but if they fight you, slay them.
Such is the reward of those
who suppress faith