chapter 3 continues the vision started in Chapter one verse 18. This is the
fourth vision in the series; here scripture shows the High Priest named
Joshua (Jeshua), who was involved with Zerubbabel, the governor, in
laying the foundation for the second Temple. In chapter 3, we see Joshua as a
sign, or picture of the coming Messiah, the servant, called the Branch,
who in one day would, removes the sin of the land.
Chapter 3 also reveals the struggle in the spiritual realms asSatan, the adversary, accuses Joshua the High Priest.
The Angel of the Lord, the pre-incarnate Christ,
intercedes on Joshua’s behalf before the accuser. Joshua, the
High Priest, then given clean garments, the Angel of the Lord
then admonishes Joshua to serve with righteousness.
Joshua however, is a sign or a picture of the coming Messiah,
called the Branch (vs.8). The amazing part being Joshua, has
the same name as Jesus (Joshua, Jeshua) who he typifies.
Vision of the
1 Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before
the Angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to
oppose him. 2 And the Lord said to Satan, "The Lord rebuke you,
Satan! The Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke
you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?" 3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and was
standing before the Angel. 4 Then He answered and spoke to those
who stood before Him, saying, "Take away the filthy garments
from him." And to him He said, "See, I have removed your
iniquity from you, and I will clothe you with rich robes." 5 And
I said, "Let them put a clean turban on his head." So they put a
clean turban on his head, and they put the clothes on him. And
the Angel of the Lord stood by.
transitions from the third to the fourth vision, in the third
vision, we are presented with the future glory of Jerusalem, when the “Presence” of the Lord will dwell in the city and
be its glory and defender. Here, we look to the office of the
High-Priest occupied by Joshua son of Jehozadak (Haggai
1:1,1;12), one day to be occupied by the man, the BRANCH, the
spelled Jeshua) the name means, “Jehovah is salvation”, [wXwhy
Y’howshuwa`,the more famous Joshua is the successor of Moses,
Joshua son of Nun (Numbers 11:28). This
Joshua is the son of Josedech, of the priestly line; his father
did not serve as High Priest since his grandfather the High
Priest Seraiah was taken captive into Babylon
in 586 B.C. Joshua son of Josedech returned with Zerubbabel
from Babylon. He along with Zerubbabel began the construction of the 2ndTemple
name Joshua was name Jesus in the original Hebrew. Jesus is the
English pronunciation of the Greek translation, so the name
Jesus is Joshua.
Seraiah (586 B.C.)
Taken captive to Babylon (2 Kings 25:18) 586 B.C.
not serve as High Priest in Babylon
Joshua (520 B.C.)
First High Priest after Babylon Haggai 1:1,12
High-Priest by implication, not specifically called
Grandson of Joshua, High Priest during the time of
Nehemiah. (Neh. 3:1)
priest: The office of
the High Priest was to reside over the House of the Lord, (The
Temple) in the succession from Aaron (Exodus 29:7). He would
offer the sacrifice on the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur,
for the sins of the nation. (Lev. 16) The High Priest was a type
or picture of the priestly office of Messiah, as explained in
Hebrew 9 and 10.
11 But Christ
came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater
and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of
this creation. 12 Not with the blood of goats and calves, but
with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all,
having obtained eternal redemption. Hebrew 9:11-12
Joshua son of Josedech is referred to a number of times, in
scripture (Haggai 1:1,12,14, 2:2,4, Zechariah 3:1,3,6,8,9; 6:11,
Nehemiah ). According to Rashi, the Jewish commentator,
Joshua the High Priest was defiled because he allowed his sons
to marry pagan women (Ezra 10;18).
descendents of Joshua, proved to be ungodly and allowed theTemple
to be used by the enemies of the Lord. (Nehemiah 13:28)
Angel of the
is witnessing a trial taking place in Heaven, with Satan as the
accuser and the Angel of the Lord, as the intercessor. Here we
see Christ, before his incarnation, interceding on the behalf of
Joshua, the restored High Priest.
nature of the Angel of the Lord is revealed in the 2nd
verse, as He is called hwhy Y’hovah, when he rejects Satan’s accusations against Joshua the high
priest. The nature of the Angel of the Lord is demonstrated
throughout scripture, (Genesis 16:7-11, 22:11,15,
Exodus 3:, Numbers 22:22-35), speaking first person for God,
demonstrating His divine nature. In Zechariah 3, The Angel of
Lord, demonstrates His ability to forgive sin, (Verse 4).
Satan: !tX Satan The word means, adversary, one who withstands. In the book
of Job, we see Satan, the adversary come before the throne of
God to accuse Job. (Job 1-2)
9 So Satan
answered the Lord and said, "Does Job fear God for nothing? 10
"Have You not made a hedge around him, around his household, and
around all that he has on every side? You have blessed the work
of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land.
According to scripture Satan was a covering Cherub angel, who
rebelled against God when pride entered him, Ezekiel 28:14-17.
One third of the angelic host followed Satan in the rebellion
against God’s authority (Revelation 12:4). He is the accuser of
the brethren, who opposes Christ, our advocate, before the
throne of God. (Revelation 12:10).
Satan accused Joshua the restored High Priest, proclaiming his
sin before the throne of God. Satan does the same to the
believer today; Jesus is our advocate before the throne of God,
as He was for Joshua the High Priest in the days of Zechariah.
His right hand:
Satan had access to the throne of God to accuse, God’s elect.
He accused Job, he accused Joshua the high priest and
today he accuses us. Satan stood either at the right hand of
Joshua or the Angel of the Lord, its not totally clear. Satan
withstood Joshua, probably accusing him of not being worthy to
fulfill the role of high priest. One fault Joshua had was
allowing his sons to marry pagan women, demonstrating his lack
of commitment to raising his children. His children would later
prove to be allies of Tobiah and opposed to Nehemiah. (Nehemiah
(2) The Lord: Here the Angel of the Lord is called hwhyY’hovah, demonstrating His divinity. The word for Angel is $alm Mal'ak,which means messenger. The Angel of the Lord is the “Word”
or Logos of God, the second person of the Trinity. The Angel of
the Lord, who is called Y’hovah replies, “Yehovah rebuke you”.
Here we see the “Angel of the Lord” called Yehovah referring to
Said To Satan: Satan is the adversary, he is a personal being, a fallen
angel who is an adversary to both God and man, he was at the
fall of man, in Genesis 3.
The Lord rebuke
you Satan: The angel
serving as intercessor, demurred to rebuke Satan Himself but,
appealed to the Father to rebuke Satan. Jerusalem at this point
has been restored, and Joshua the High Priest will serve the
role as High priest as ordained in scripture. Jerusalem
restoration made way for the “Glory of the Lord” who would be
the Jerusalem’s King, (Zechariah 14:17) who would enter
Jerusalem on the back of donkey, before he ruled from the city
(Zechariah 9:9) in glory and power.
Brand plucked: The
Lord spared Joshua the High Priest for his purpose and function,
which was to restore Jerusalem, to its exalted position of
cities on the earth. Joshua was the rightful High Priest,
according to priestly decent. His being chosen in spite of his
sins demonstrates the grace of God.
Joshua…filthy garments: Joshua the High Priest, in the spiritual realms was filthy.
The Hebrew word here implies excrement. So literally, the
“excrement” of sin covers Joshua in the spiritual realms, as he
stood before Satan and the Angel of the Lord. (See
23:14). Joshua’s filthy garments were a picture of his sinful
and helpless state before the Heaven he needed grace.
Angel: Joshua is
standing as if on trial, before the Heavenly court. Satan is
answered: The Angel of the Lord now commands those standing around
watching the proceedings, to remove the filthy clothes from the
High Priest. Another point to keep in mind is the authority,
which the Angel of the Lord has at this point. He not only
orders the other angels, but he also removes Joshua’s sin.
Clothing throughout scripture is a visual indicator of a
person’s holiness. Filthy clothes represent sins, which are
attached to the person.
9 "I watched
till thrones were put in place, And the Ancient of Days was
seated; His garment was white as snow, Daniel 7;9a
6 But we are
all like an unclean thing, And all our righteousnesses are like
filthy rags; We all fade as a leaf, And our iniquities, like the
wind, Have taken us away. Isaiah 64:6
before Him: The Angel of
the Lord’s comments were directed to the angelic host who stood
filthy garments: The garments
represented the filthy condition of Joshua the High Priest.
However, here we see the mercy and grace of the Lord, who
removes his garments stained by sin.
removed…iniquity from you: The Angel of the Lord demonstrates another aspect of his identity, the
ability to forgive sins, demonstrating the same character of
Jesus who also forgave sins during His ministry. ( See Mark
2;5-9, Luke 5:22-25, Romans
2 Then behold, they brought to Him a paralytic lying on a
bed. When Jesus saw their faith, He said to the paralytic, "Son,
be of good cheer; your sins are forgiven you." 3 And at
once some of the scribes said within themselves, "This Man
blasphemes!" 4 But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, "Why
do you think evil in your hearts? 5 "For which is easier, to
say, 'Your sins are forgiven you,' or to say, 'Arise and
walk'? 6 "But that you may know that the Son of Man has power
on earth to forgive sins"-then He said to the paralytic,
"Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house."
Only the person sinned against can forgive the sin. For
example, is someone takes money from a one friend, the sin
against one friend cannot be forgiven by another friend. Only
the person who was offended can accept and forgive the
transgression. When we sin against people we also sin against
God, for this reason scripture requires restoration with the
person and sacrifice for the sin against God. God owns our
sin. So in this way an angel can not just dismiss sin if he
were not God. Sins against God, cannot just be dismissed by “an
angel” or “a man”, no matter how sincere. The Jews who heard
Jesus forgive sins understood this concept. The sacrificial
system was built on atonement before God, for the transgression
when Jesus said, “Your sins are forgiven” the Jews understood
the words were blasphemous, if Jesus was not God he could not
forgive sins against God. If the Angel of the Lord were
not God, he could not forgive sins against God.
of the Lord
removed your iniquity from you”Zechariah 3:4
sins are forgiven you” Matthew 9:2
will clothe you with rich robes Zechariah 3:4
"I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire, that you
may be rich; and white garments, that you may be
will clothe you.. rich robes: Again the Angel demonstrates His nature by promising to cloth Joshua in
rich robes. Here the robes are in relation to righteousness,
which replace the filthy garments of Joshua’s sin. Again, we
need to ask, what type of angel can not only forgive sins, but
then promise robes of righteousness.
This is the promise to saints made by Christ, to wear clean
clothes (Revelation 3:4,5; 7:13; 16:15, 19:8) representing
righteousness. The only reason saints wear white according to
scripture, is because righteousness is imparted to them via the
sacrifice of Messiah’s (Christ) death. (Isaiah 53)
this light, the Angel’s words of imparting righteousness, via
“rich clothes” demonstrates the Angel’s deity, and ownership of
sins. His replacing filthy clothes for rich also demonstrates
His intercessional nature, intervening on the behalf of sin.
This same person would one day come and bear the sins He is
(5) I said: Zechariah the prophet is witnessing the restoration of
the High Priest, and takes an active role, being a priest
himself, son of Iddo. Zechariah intercedes, a priestly
function, that a turban be placed on his head, according to theMosiac Law (Exodus 29:6, 39:30)
by: Listening to Zechariah, the angels standing in the
presence of Zechariah, place the crown of the priesthood on
Joshua, while the Angel of the Lord and the others stand and
events taking place here are in the spiritual realms, so those
on earth, other then Zechariah who reveals the events, are not
aware of what is even taking place.
coming of the BRANCH
Then the Angel of the Lord admonished Joshua, saying, 7 "Thus
says the Lord of hosts: 'If you will walk in My ways, And if you
will keep My command, Then you shall also judge My house, And
likewise have charge of My courts; I will give you places to
walk Among these who stand here. 8 'Hear, O Joshua, the high
priest, You and your companions who sit before you, For they are
a wondrous sign; For behold, I am bringing forth My Servant the
BRANCH. 9 For behold, the stone That I have laid before Joshua:
Upon the stone are seven eyes. Behold, I will engrave its
inscription,' Says the Lord of hosts, 'And I will remove the
iniquity of that land in one day. 10 In that day,' says the Lord
of hosts, 'Everyone will invite his neighbor Under his vine and
under his fig tree.' "
Angel… admonished Joshua: Representing
the Father to Joshua, in the same way Jesus represented the
Father, to humanity, he instructs Joshua, admonishing him to
turn. The Hebrew word for admonished is, dw[ `uwd, meaning to bear witness, say again and again, (Hophal) to
protest, give warning. The angel has cleansed Joshua, but
Joshua still must be responsible for his actions.
Hosts: The Angel of
the Lord now representing the Lord of Hosts, speaks to Joshua.
Letting Joshua know he has a responsibility to be righteous and
walk in the ways of the Lord, and then in return he will be
favored, and allowed to continue in his position.
The Temple was viewed as the house of God, the place where God
choose to reveal Himself to the world, the specific location in
the city of Jerusalem.
Among those who
stand here: Looking forward
to the day of redemption, and resurrection, Joshua is offered a
position of prominence, to stand in the presence of the Lord of
Hosts with the angels.
(8) Hear, O
Joshua: The Angel of
the Lord, now has an important message for Joshua, who is told
to [mX Shama`or
listen and obey. This term is used for the nation, when a
message of particular importance was presented.
"Therefore hear, O Israel, and be careful to observe it,
that it may be well with you, and that you may multiply greatly
as the Lord God of your fathers has promised you-'a land flowing
with milk and honey.' Deuteronomy 6:3
and his companions represented the restored body of Israel,
gathered from Babylon. As Moses brought attention to Israel,
the Angel of the Lord is calling out to Joshua and those under
him in the priesthood and Levites, to pay particular attention
to what is coming.
sign: What should
Joshua and his companions pay attention too? Representing the
house of Israel, the are instructed to know they are themselves
are signs or types of the coming “Branch”, the servant or
slave. The Jewish Study Bible Tanakh Translation, reads.
well, O High Priest Joshua, you and your fellow priests sitting
before you! For those men are a sign that I am going to bring,
My servant the Branch Zechariah 3:8
though he was High Priest, served as a type or sign of the
coming Messiah, whose name would also be Joshua (Jesus). The
Hebrew word used for wonder is tpwm Mowpheth,
meaning wonder, sign, miracle, portent. This same word is used
in Isaiah 8:18 to describe the status of Isaiah’s children who
were for signs of coming events.
Here am I and the children whom the Lord has given me! We are
for signs and wonders in Israel From the Lord of hosts, Who
dwells in Mount Zion. Isaiah 8:18
the same way, Joshua the high priest is a sign, pointing to the
coming of the Messiah. The amazing fact is the Messiah would
have the same name. Joshua was involved in laying the
foundation of the 2nd Temple, Jesus (Joshua) the
Messiah will bring in the Millennium Temple into
existence (Ezekiel 40-43)
am bringing: The LORD
Himself, is bringing forth His select servant, the Branch.
Joshua and his companions, including Zerubbabel are types or
pictures of the coming Messiah. How do we know this refers to
Messiah? Branch clearly refers the descendent of King David,
who will rule the earth in righteousness, characteristics only
of the Messiah. (See below).
My Servant: The
coming “Servant” Messiah will fulfill the sign of Joshua
and Zerubbabel, being both High Priest and ruler overIsrael.
servant in Hebrew is db[ `ebed,
meaning slave. The phrase my servant is used in reference to the
suffering servant of Isaiah 53. (See also Isaiah 42:1-10)
Behold, My Servant shall deal prudently; He shall be
exalted and extolled and be very high. Isaiah 52:13
11 He shall see
the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My
righteous Servant shall justify many, For He shall bear
their iniquities. Isaiah 53:11
The Branch: Joshua the High Priest is a picture of the Branch, who will
like Joshua be the High Priest (Zechariah 6:12). The
Hebrew, xmc Tsemach
means sprout, growth, branch. The Messiah will be a “Branch”
from David’s line. He will be a descendent of David, a son of
David (2 Samuel 7:12).
There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse, And a
Branch shall grow out of his roots. 2 The Spirit of the Lord
shall rest upon Him, The Spirit of wisdom and understanding, The
Spirit of counsel and might, The Spirit of knowledge and of the
fear of the Lord. 3 His delight is in the fear of the Lord, And
He shall not judge by the sight of His eyes, Nor decide by the
hearing of His ears; Isaiah 11:1-3
2 In that daythe Branch of the Lord shall be beautiful and glorious;
And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and appealing For
those of Israel who have escaped. Isaiah 4:2
5 "Behold, the
days are coming," says the Lord, "That I will raise to David
a Branch of righteousness; A King shall reign and prosper,
And execute judgment and righteousness in the earth. 6 In His
days Judah will be saved, And Israel will dwell safely; Now this
is His name by which He will be called: THE LORD OUR
RIGHTEOUSNESS. Jeremiah 23:5-6
stone…before Joshua: Now we are
presented with a picture in the vision, of a stone with seven
eyes laid before Joshua. Both Joshua and Zerrubbabel were
involved in building the Temple,
which would have required a foundation stone. (Ezra 5:2) The
Temple project had stalled at this point, Zechariah in spiritual
realms sees before Joshua a stone with seven eyes. Here is
another reference to the coming Messiah, though not as specific
as the Branch. Jesus referred to himself as the stone, which
the builders rejected, quoting from Psalm 118 in Matthew 21:42.
21 I will praise
You, For You have answered me, And have become my salvation. 22
The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief
cornerstone. 23 This was the Lord's doing; It is marvelous in
our eyes. Psalm 118:21-23
referring to himself as the foundation stone, which the builders
representing the Priesthood and leadership, who constructed the
2nd Temple represent. The leaders rejected Jesus as
Messiah. Jesus therefore became the stone, which the builders,
rejected, dying for the sins of the world.
eyes: The number seven is the number of completeness in Hebrew,
seven days in a week, Seventy-sevens (Daniel 9:24). Here is a stone with seven eyes, what do the eyes mean?
Scripture tells us the eyes represent the eyes of the Lord,
which scan the whole earth.
are the eyes of the Lord, Which scan to and fro throughout the
whole earth." Zechariah 4:10b
to this stone is the capstone of the Temple,
not yet completed but soon to be.
The other place
in scripture we see seven-eyes is in Revelation 5, on the Lamb
slain, who sits on the throne of God.
And I looked, and behold, in the midst of the throne and of the
four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a
Lamb as though it had been slain, having seven horns and seven
eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the
earth. Revelation 5:6
will remove the iniquity…in one day: An amazing
inscription appears on the stone with seven eyes, the
declaration from God, that in one-day sin will be removed from
the land. Up until this point, sin was paid for with the death
of animals, how then could sin be removed in one day? The
answer is, the Messiah, “My servant”, “the Branch”, would pay
for the sins of the world according to Isaiah 53.
Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief.
When You make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His
seed, He shall prolong His days, And the pleasure of the Lord
shall prosper in His hand. 11 He shall see the labor of His
soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant
shall justify many, For He shall bear their iniquities. Isaiah
refers to this living stone of Zechariah, who paid for the sins
of the world.
Coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but
chosen by God and precious, I Peter 2;4
nation rejected their King in A.D. 33, when the cornerstone was
cast away by the builders, so they did not receive the benefits
of the iniquity removed in one day. At the Second Coming, when
the nation finally understands the Messiah is Jesus, in that one
day, the sins of the land will be forgiven, and Israel as a
nation will be restored. (Zechariah 12:9-11)
(10) In that
day: The days of
Messiah, when the world will be at peace and the Messiah will
govern the earth. The 10th verse looks forward,
beyond the days of Zechariah to the days when the Messiah, the
Branch comes. The world will be at peace; even the very nature
of animals will be changed. (Isaiah 11:6)