Introduction to Chapter 13
continues where Chapter 12 finished. In the 12th
Chapter we see the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem look on “Me
whom they pierced”( Zech 12;10). The nation then begins to
mourn and wail for Him, mourning their actions, which resulted
in the rejection of Messiah at His first coming. The first five
verses, which follow the 12th chapter, show what
follows in the Millennium, during the reign of the Messiah.
Millennium, false prophets will be a thing of the past, and
anyone claiming to be a prophet will be a serious event. Since
the knowledge of the Lord is not hidden, there will be no need
of prophets. The remembrance of idols, will also be a thing of
the past. Israel as a nation will be exalted above the nations
their obedience allows God to fulfill His word. Blessing them
above all nations on the earth (Deuteronomy 28:1-2)
verse’s meaning is still debated, does it refer to the Messiah,
who was pierced or to a false prophet in the Millennium. There
are arguments on both sides, following the sixth verse, the
seventh through the ninth are clearly Messianic in nature.
from verse 7, after the disciples flee, when solders arrest
1 "In that
day a fountain shall be opened for the house of David and for
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for uncleanness.
2 "It shall
be in that day," says the Lord of hosts, "that I will cut off
the names of the idols from the land, and they shall no longer
be remembered. I will also cause the prophets and the unclean
spirit to depart from the land.
3 "It shall
come to pass that if anyone still prophesies, then his father
and mother who begot him will say to him, 'You shall not live,
because you have spoken lies in the name of the Lord.' And his
father and mother who begot him shall thrust him through when he
4 "And it
shall be in that day that every prophet will be ashamed of his
vision when he prophesies; they will not wear a robe of coarse
hair to deceive.
5 "But he
will say, 'I am no prophet, I am a farmer; for a man taught me
to keep cattle from my youth.'
(1 ) In
that Day: In the 12th
chapter, this term is used 6 times, referring to the that dayor time when the Kingdom of Messiah is established on the
earth. That Day corresponds with the judgment of the nations
and Israel restoration and blessing. This section corresponds
with the events following the 2nd coming and the
establishment of Jerusalem. According to Daniel, there is a
45-day period, during which the nations are judged, and the
Messianic Kingdom established on earth.
11 "And from
the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the
abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand
two hundred and ninety days.
is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred
and thirty-five days.
13 "But you,
go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to
your inheritance at the end of the days." Daniel 12:11-13
scripture there is a theme of a fountain, which will be in the
city of Jerusalem in the Millennium and the New Jerusalem
following the Millennium. When Jesus was at the well talking to
the Samaritan women, he referred to the fountain of Life, which
will remove her thirst.
answered and said to her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who
it is who says to you, 'Give Me a drink,' you would have asked
Him, and He would have given you living water."
answered and said to her, "Whoever drinks of this water will
whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never
thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a
fountain of water springing up into everlasting life." John
fountain in Jerusalem will be a picture of God’s Grace, to those
dwelling in the Millennium. According to Ezekiel, the fountain
will flow from the Throne of God to the Dead Sea bringing life
to what is dead.
1 Then he
brought me back to the door of the temple; and there was water,
flowing from under the threshold of the temple toward the east,
for the front of the temple faced east; the water was flowing
from under the right side of the temple, south of the altar.
2 He brought
me out by way of the north gate, and led me around on the
outside to the outer gateway that faces east; and there was
water, running out on the right side.
8 Then he
said to me: "This water flows toward the eastern region, goes
down into the valley, and enters the sea. When it reaches the
sea, its waters are healed.
9 "And it
shall be that every living thing that moves, wherever the rivers
go, will live. There will be a very great multitude of fish,
because these waters go there; for they will be healed, and
everything will live wherever the river goes.
flowing from the Temple, to the Dead Sea will become a river of
life, illustrating for ages to come, life flows from the Lord.
In the New Jerusalem, which follows the Millennium, we
also see a river or fountain proceeding from the throne.
1 And he
showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal,
proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb.
2 In the
middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the
tree of life, which bore twelve fruits, each tree yielding its
fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing
of the nations.
3 And there
shall be no more curse, but the throne of God and of the Lamb
shall be in it, and His servants shall serve Him. Revelation
off: The Idolatry
and false prophets have plagued Israel from the time nation was
called out of Egypt. In the time to come, in “That Day”, false
prophets and idols will not be permitted, bringing terminal
judgment on those who lie in the name of the LORD. (vs.5)
used here trkKarath,(cut off) is also used
in reference to what takes place when a covenant is establish,
to cut the animal in two and to walk between the half’s. Here
proclaims the Idols and false prophets will be eliminated from
the land. (Jeremiah 34:18)
Remembered: Demonic and
Idol’s will not be brought to memory, by those who are on the
earth, during this period. The last event, which plagued the
earth was the Antichrist who put an image of himself in the
Third temple, demanding the earth to worship his image, this
will not be remembered in the Millennium.
the Second Coming, Satan, the fallen angels, the Antichrist and
False prophet will be judged. The Antichrist and False prophet
are the first two occupants of the Lake of Fire. (Revelation
19:20). Satan is cast into the abyss for 1000-years the
duration of the Millennium. During this period, demonic power
in the earth will be non-existent.
1 Then I saw
an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the
bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 2 He laid hold of
the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and
bound him for a thousand years; 3 and he cast him into the
bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that
he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years
were finished. But after these things he must be released for a
little while. Revelation 20:1-3
Demonic power will not be an influence on people during the
one still prophesies: Those who
are born in the Millennium will still have free choice, the main
difference being Satan will not be present in the world to give
them his choice. Just like in Adam’s day, he had the ability to
choose or reject, to obey and disobey. So people will in the
Millennium, those who prophecy (speaking lies in the name of the
Lord), will die according to the laws of Moses. (see Exodus
32:27,28; Deuteronomy 13:6-11; 18:20 33:9)
prophets will not be tolerated, a false prophets own parents
will punish their child with death in that day, by piercing him
ashamed of his vision: The
temptation to be a prophet will also be present in the age to
come. Speaking for the Lord, gives the speaker (Prophet) power,
because if you disobey his words, you are disobeying God’s
word. This fear give the false prophet power.
day to come, those who are tempted by their dreams or their
desire to speak for the Lord will be ashamed of their actions.
say: The role of
the prophet is to relay the Words of the Lord to the listener,
implying a separation from God. In the Millennium, God’s
presence will be visible in Jerusalem and the knowledge of Him
will be like the omnipresent like the ocean. There will be no
need for a prophet to speak to humanity on God’s behalf.
will reject any implication of prophecy, today to be a “True”
prophet is an honor, in the day to come, (that day) it will be a
in the house of friends
6 "And one
will say to him, 'What are these wounds between your arms?' Then
he will answer, 'Those with which I was wounded in the house of
to him: One of the
more controversial verses in the 13th chapter is
verse 6. The debate over its meaning involves whether verse 6
amplifies verses 2-5 or 7 to 9. If the meaning is connected to
the four previous verse, some see this person who is pierced as
a false prophet who was pierced or wounded by those in his own
house, for example, his parents (verse 5).
Henry, the 16th century commentator writes regarding
He shall acknowledge those to be his friends who by a severe
discipline were instrumental to bring him to a sight of his
error, v. 6. When he who with the greatest assurance had
asserted himself so lately to be a prophet suddenly drops his
claims, and says, I am no prophet, every body will be surprised
at it, and some will ask, "What are these wounds, or
marks of stripes, in thy hands? how camest thou by them?
Hast thou not been examined by scourging? And is not that
it that has brought thee to thyself?’’ (Vexatio dat
intellectum—Vexation sharpens the intellect.) "Hast thou not
been beaten into this acknowledgment? Was it not the rod and
reproof that gave thee this wisdom?’’ And he shall own, "Yes, it
was; these are the wounds with which I was wounded in the
house of my friends, who bound me, and used me hardly and
severely, as a distracted man, and so brought me to my senses.’’
By this it appears that those parents of the false prophet thatthrust him through (v. 3) did not do it till they had
first tried to reclaim him by correction, and he would not be
reclaimed; for so was the law concerning a disobedient son—his
parents must first have chastened him in vain before they were
allowed to bring him forth to be stoned, Deu. 21:18, 19. But
here is another who was reduced by stripes, and so prevented the
capital punishment; and he had the sense and honesty to own that
they were his friends, his real friends, who thus wounded him,
that they might reclaim him; for faithful are the wounds of a
friend, Prov. 27:6. Some good interpreters, observing how
soon this comes after the mention of Christ’s being pierced,
think that these are the words of that great prophet, not of the
false prophet spoken of before. Christ was wounded in his hands,
when they were nailed to the cross, and, after his resurrection,
he had the marks of these wounds; and here he tells how he came
by them; he received them as a false prophet, for the chief
priests called him a deceiver, and upon that account would have
him crucified; but he received them in the house of his
friends—the Jews, who should have been his friends; for he
came to his own, and, though they were his bitter enemies,
yet he was pleased to call them his friends, as he did
Judas (Friend, wherefore hast thou come?) because they
forwarded his sufferings for him; as he called Peter Satan—an
adversary, because he dissuaded him from them.
with the view this applies to the false prophet is demonstrated
in the fact the false prophet is still alive, in verse 3 we read
the parents say to the false prophet you shall not live.
Now why is he then permitted to live, responding, “which I
was wounded in the house of my friends”.
The word in Hebrew also implies the wounds was unto death, as if
the person would be killed and come back to life. Two separate
Hebrew words are used, hkkmMakkah
meaning blow, wound or slaughter. The one replies, by saying it
is the wounds or (hknNakah), which I
received in the house of my friends. To be consistent with the
previous four verses, the individual could not reply if he was
killed by his parents.
my friends: The meaning
fits more properly as applying to the Good Shepherd, who is God
Himself, who comes to His flock. (Zechariah 10;3). God the Good
shepherd is valued at 30 pieces of silver, and the money is
thrown into the Lord’s house.
7 "Awake, O
sword, against My Shepherd, Against the Man who is My
Companion," Says the Lord of hosts."Strike the Shepherd, And the
sheep will be scattered; Then I will turn My hand against the
8 And it
shall come to pass in all the land," Says the Lord, "That
two-thirds in it shall be cut off and die, But one- third shall
be left in it:
9 I will
bring the one-third through the fire, Will refine them as silver
is refined, And test them as gold is tested. They will call on
My name, And I will answer them. I will say, 'This is My
people'; And each one will say, 'The Lord is my God.' "
Awake, O Sword: The picture
of the Shepherd Messiah, who is sold for 30-pieces of silver
continues in verse 7. The Lord God permitted the rejection of
the Messiah, and His death, Jesus rebuked Peter for trying to
stop His arrest. At any time, Jesus could have stopped his own
execution, but he choose to die for the sins of humanity.
52 But Jesus
said to him, "Put your sword in its place, for all who take the
sword will perish by the sword.
53 "Or do you
think that I cannot now pray to My Father, and He will provide
Me with more than twelve legions of angels?
54 "How then
could the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must happen thus?"
Shepherd: The Shepherd
is the rejected Shepherd who is sold and the money is thrown
into the Temple. The Lord takes possession of this Shepherd,
calling Him, “My Shepherd”. The imagery in Zechariah 11, shows
the shepherd with two staves feeding the flock. The Shepherd is
rejected and sold.
7 So I fed
the flock for slaughter, in particular the poor of the flock. I
took for myself two staffs: the one I called Beauty, and the
other I called Bonds; and I fed the flock.
8 I dismissed
the three shepherds in one month. My soul loathed them, and
their soul also abhorred me.
9 Then I
said, "I will not feed you. Let what is dying die, and what is
perishing perish. Let those that are left eat each other's
10 And I took
my staff, Beauty, and cut it in two, that I might break the
covenant which I had made with all the peoples.
11 So it was
broken on that day. Thus the poor of the flock, who were
watching me, knew that it was the word of the Lord.
12 Then I
said to them, "If it is agreeable to you, give me my wages; and
if not, refrain." So they weighed out for my wages thirty pieces
of silver. Zechariah 11:7-12
is My Companion: The Shepherd
is called the Companion of the LORD. The Hebrew word here istym[`amiyth
, meaning relation, neighbor, associate, fellow. Again the deity
of the rejected Messiah is again confirmed here, being called
the amiyth of the Lord.
Scattered: Jesus refers
to this scripture at his betrayal when the disciples scatter
following the arrest of Jesus. Clearly Jesus identifies Himself
as the shepherd here, called “My Shepherd”, who is also called
30 And when
they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
31 Then Jesus
said to them, "All of you will be made to stumble because of Me
this night, for it is written: 'I will strike the Shepherd, And
the sheep of the flock will be scattered.' Matthew 26:30-31
ones: This could
refer to the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70, when the
armies of Rome destroy the city and its inhabitants.
to pass…in the land: Following
the death of Messiah, the Romans killed over 1 million Jews in
A.D. 70. Sixty-three years later during the time of Hadrian
another 580,000 were killed in A.D. 135, the survivors were
scattered throughout the Roman Empire. Jewish people today, are
the descendents of these events.
The nation of Israel, are the descendents of Israel gathered
from the nations, brought back into the land of Israel, after a
period of desolation. Judgment followed the rejection of the
“Shepherd”. The events here in the 8th and 9th
verse, look forward to the end times, when the nation is again
persecuted and two thirds die in the days of the
Messiah. The one third left survives to repopulate the
earth and know their LORD.
through the fire: The
tribulation is a period of testing, where the nation finds Jesus
Christ is their Messiah, the rejected shepherd. Jewish
commentators also understand this period to be Messianic in
nature, Rashi makes
the following comments about the one-third left.
I will bring the third in fire And I will bring the third in
straits in the smelting-pot of fire (Jonathan), so that some of
the proselytes should bear the birth pang of the Messiah and the
war of Gog and Magog with Israel. From there they shall be
tested [as to] whether [or not] they are true proselytes. Then,
many of those who previously converted to Judaism shall return
to their pre-conversion customs and join Gog. We find [this
idea] in the Aggadah (Avodah Zarah 3b; Midrash Psalms 2:5,
is tested: Gold ore is
placed in the furnace, and that which is not gold is removed
from the Gold, with a pure metal being left behind. Zechariah
compares the remnant of Israel, who survives the tribulation as
Gold tried in the furnace.
Those who survive will know the Lord, as opposed to those who
rejected the Messiah, the Good shepherd.
call on my Name: Before he
was crucified, Jesus told the nation (Israel) they would not see
Him again until they called upon His name. This is preciously
what the nation does at the end of the Tribulation. They will
call out to Jesus their Messiah, He then returns with the saints
(Zechariah 14;5) in glory and power. (Matthew 24:30, 25:31)
39 "for I say
to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, 'Blessed is He
who comes in the name of the Lord!' " Matthew 23;39
Believing nation of Israel enters the Millennium to repopulate
the earth, along with the rest of the believers who survive the
tribulation. This is the scene in the parable of the sheep and
31 "When the
Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him,
then He will sit on the throne of His glory.
32 "All the
nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them
one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the
33 "And He
will set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left.
34 "Then the
King will say to those on His right hand, 'Come, you blessed of
My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the
foundation of the world:
35 'for I was
hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me
drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in;
36 'I was
naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was
in prison and you came to Me.'
37 "Then the
righteous will answer Him, saying, 'Lord, when did we see You
hungry and feed You, or thirsty and give You drink?
38 'When did
we see You a stranger and take You in, or naked and clothe You?
39 'Or when
did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?'
40 "And the
King will answer and say to them, 'Assuredly, I say to you,
inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren,
you did it to Me.'
41 "Then He
will also say to those on the left hand, 'Depart from Me, you
cursed, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his
42 'for I was
hungry and you gave Me no food; I was thirsty and you gave Me no
43 'I was a
stranger and you did not take Me in, naked and you did not
clothe Me, sick and in prison and you did not visit Me.'
44 "Then they
also will answer Him, saying, 'Lord, when did we see You hungry
or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did
not minister to You?'
45 "Then He
will answer them, saying, 'Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as
you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do
it to Me.'
46 "And these
will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into