Introduction to Zechariah Chapter 10
Israel restored to their King
10 looks forward to the day of a restoration, when the nation of
Israel is restored, in the later rain. Zechariah
foretells, Israel’s future restoration, in the context of the
nation’s fall, due evil shepherds who let the sheep wander.
The Lord of Hosts promises to visit His flock and restore them.
Here we see both the First and Second Comingof Messiah, when the Lord of Host came to Jerusalem.
Zechariah 10 prepares the way for the 11th chapter,
when we see the Good Shepard sold for 30-pieces of silver
(Zechariah 11:13). Because Israel rejected the Messiah, the
promises of restoration and elevation are put on hold until the
nation finds Messiah, prior to His Second-Coming.
At His Second Coming, the nation is restored and receives the
blessings promised. At the Second Coming, through the nation
Judah, God establishes His plan in the earth.
1 Ask the
Lord for rain In the time of the latter rain. The Lord will make
flashing clouds; He will give them showers of rain, Grass in the
field for everyone.
2 For the
idols speak delusion; The diviners envision lies, And tell false
dreams; They comfort in vain. Therefore the people wend their
way like sheep; They are in trouble because there is no
3 "My anger
is kindled against the shepherds, And I will punish the
the Lord rain: Zechariah
uses the imagery of rain and harvest, to represent the Lord’s
relationship with the nation. Rain was essential for the people
to reap a harvest, without rain the harvest would perish. Rain,
watered the ground and allowed the seeds to grow and produce
fruit. Rain came from above, God dwells in Heaven above, the
Lord’s blessing proceed from above. As rain was necessary for
the harvest of food, spiritual rain from the Lord was needed for
the harvesting of souls.
rain: The harvest
depends on rain; scripture refers to the first rain and the
later rain. The first rain took place in the autumn, September
and October, while the latter rain took place in the spring,
March to April. Rain proceeded from the Lord, and was a sign of
blessing on the nation. (See Jeremiah 3:3, 5:24, Joel 2:23,
14 'then I
will give you the rain for your land in its season, the early
rain and the latter rain, that you may gather in your grain,
your new wine, and your oil. Deuteronomy 11:14
needed the first rain, the autumn rain after a hot dry summer,
the latter rain prepared the ground for the summer harvest. The
latter-rain, refers to the latter day harvest, as the nation,
Israel is reclaimed from the nations, brought back into the land
(See verses 8-12).
Zechariah instructs the people to “Ask the Lord”, to pray and
call out for the rain. The Lord is the force behind the
blessing, but the Lord answers the prayers of His people.
Grass...everyone: During this
period, the time of the latter rain, begins the Millennium,
when the earth will be filled with plenty and blessings. The
curses on the descendents of Jacob removed, as the Lord pours
out his blessing on a restored people.
Idols….diviners…false dreams: The
problem faced by nation, causing judgment, resulted in the
Babylonian captivity, was the result of their idols and
apostasy. Zechariah is instructing them to turn to Lord, rather
then idols and false teachers. Idols were (~yprtTeraphiym)were small
household images thought to represent supernatural-power, they
were seen as doors of access to the spirit world. (See Genesis
31:19,34-35; 1 Sam. 19:13,16; Hos. 3:4) The people took comfort
in their false teachers and prophets who misled them. This
caused their fall and judgment.
sheep: The people
followed these false prophets, misled like sheep. The nation of
Israel is presented as sheep, while the spiritual leaders are
the designated shepherds of the flock. Ezekiel, like Isaiah and
Zechariah presents the imagery of a wayward flock and with
wicked shepherds. This flock without a shepherd is promised to
be led by the Lord Himself, the true shepherd. (Ezekiel 34:15,
1 And the
word of the Lord came to me, saying,
2 "Son of
man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy and say
to them, 'Thus says the Lord God to the shepherds: "Woe to the
shepherds of Israel who feed themselves! Should not the
shepherds feed the flocks? 3 "You eat the fat and clothe
yourselves with the wool; you slaughter the fatlings, but you do
not feed the flock. 4 "The weak you have not strengthened, nor
have you healed those who were sick, nor bound up the broken,
nor brought back what was driven away, nor sought what was lost;
but with force and cruelty you have ruled them.
5 "So they
were scattered because there was no shepherd; and they became
food for all the beasts of the field when they were scattered.
6 "My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and on every
high hill; yes, My flock was scattered over the whole face of
the earth, and no one was seeking or searching for them."
shepherds who were given the responsibility to tend to the
flock, abandoned the flock. They turned the people to idolatry
turning them away from the true God therefore they were not
shepherds. The scene most telling of the corruption, which took
possession of Judah, is in Ezekiel 8, where Ezekiel, taken by
the Sprit of God, to the Temple to witness the apostasy of the
leaders of Jerusalem. God then asks Ezekiel, are not my
judgments right, in destroying the Temple.
stretched out the form of a hand, and took me by a lock of my
hair; and the Spirit lifted me up between earth and heaven, and
brought me in visions of God to Jerusalem, to the door of the
north gate of the inner court, where the seat of the image of
jealousy was, which provokes to jealousy.
4 And behold,
the glory of the God of Israel was there, like the vision that I
saw in the plain.
10 So I went
in and saw, and there-every sort of creeping thing, abominable
beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, portrayed all
around on the walls.
11 And there
stood before them seventy men of the elders of the house of
Israel, and in their midst stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan.
Each man had a censer in his hand, and a thick cloud of incense
12 Then He
said to me, "Son of man, have you seen what the elders of the
house of Israel do in the dark, every man in the room of his
idols? For they say, 'The Lord does not see us, the Lord has
forsaken the land.' " Ezekiel 8:3-4,10-12
anger: The Lord
judged the shepherds (the priests) and the goatherds (dwtt[`attuwd), the male
goats. This word represented the kings of Judah, the same word
is used in Isaiah 14:9, in reference “chief ones”. Both the
priests and kings of Israel abandoned the people, therefore both
were judged as a result.
Zechariah 10, establishes the foundation for chapter 11, when
the “true shepherd” is sold for 30-pieces of silver, because of
the wickedness, and the punishment which results.
of Judah’s righteous leadership
For the Lord
of hosts will visit His flock, The house of Judah, And will make
them as His royal horse in the battle.
4 From him
comes the cornerstone, From him the tent peg, From him the
battle bow, From him every ruler together.
5 They shall
be like mighty men, Who tread down their enemies In the mire of
the streets in the battle. They shall fight because the Lord is
with them, And the riders on horses shall be put to shame.
6 "I will
strengthen the house of Judah, And I will save the house of
Joseph. I will bring them back, Because I have mercy on them.
They shall be as though I had not cast them aside; For I am the
Lord their God, And I will hear them.
7 Those of
Ephraim shall be like a mighty man, And their heart shall
rejoice as if with wine. Yes, their children shall see it and be
glad; Their heart shall rejoice in the Lord.
of Hosts: The priests
and kings of Israel, were not responsible and allowed the
children of Israel to fall away. The Lord Himself will visit
his flock, because He is the true Shepard. The term Lord of
Hosts, ( hwhyYehovahabcTsaba'), means
the Yehovah of the hosts of heaven, as in the hosts of
angels. He is to be King in Jerusalem (Zechariah 14:16), who
will rule over the nation and be a Shepard to His people.
flock: In both the
first and second coming, the LORD of Hosts will visit His
flock. In Zechariah 11, the Lord of Host is valued at 30-pieces
of silver in his first coming, after he enters Jerusalem on a
donkey (Zechariah 9:9).
Zechariah 9:9 on a donkey, entering Jerusalem
Zechariah 9:10, ruling over the nations
Zechariah 11:13, Sold for 30-pieces of silver
Zechariah 12:9, I will seek to destroy the nations
who come against Jerusalem
Zechariah 12:10 Pierced by those who see Him
Zechariah 14:16, The Lord of Hosts, King in
Zechariah 13:7, My Shepherd, the man, My companion
horse: The House
of Judah, is the Lord’s tool to bring His judgment into the
world. Here Judah, described as a royal horse, is God’s
vehicle of judgment. The Hebrew word translated Royal is dwhHowd, which
means glory, honor and majesty. Through
Judah, would the Messiah be born and established in the world,
through Judah at the final battle, the nations are judged, when
they surround Jerusalem. (Zechariah 12:9-10)
The struggle between God’s plan, and the nations is viewed as a
battle. The Hebrew word for battle is hmxlmMilchamah,
which means fight,
battle and war. This same word is used in Daniel 9:26, to
describe the desolations of Jerusalem between the 69th
and 70th Week. A continual war, which will one day be
completed at Armageddon. (Zechariah 12:10, Revelation 16:16,
him: From Judah,
the nation precedes the Messiah, who will be victorious over the
) The Messiah is the cornerstone out of Judah.
thus says the Lord God: "Behold, I lay in Zion a stone for a
foundation, A tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure
foundation; Whoever believes will not act hastily.
The peg either of which held the tent up, or a post which
things of value were hung. Upon the Messiah, hung all the glory
and hope of the nation.
22 The key of
the house of David I will lay on his shoulder; So he shall open,
and no one shall shut; And he shall shut, and no one shall open.
23 I will
fasten him as a peg in a secure place, And he will become a
glorious throne to his father's house. Isaiah 22:22-23
bow: Out of
Judah, shall come the bow. The Messiah will vanquish the
enemies of the Lord on that day, the Messiah out of Judah. Will
be the battle bow, who will oppose the nations which come
oppressor or exactor in the Hebrew. The Messiah will sit on the
David and rule over the nations, to the Messiah will the nations
bow. (Psalm 2, Zechariah 14;16).
Mighty men: The house of
Judah, will be the vehicle, which the Lord will use to judge the
nations. According to Zechariah 12:6 -8, the children of Judah,
will be supernaturally empowered to fight those who surround
Jerusalem in the last days. This end-times battle, culminates
in the coming of the Messiah who judges the enemies of the
nation. The men of Judah are victorious over their enemies.
shame: Referring to
the enemies of Judah, the riders on horses. The nations
will be put to shame as they see the descent of Messiah, who
will judge the enemies of Judah.
30 "Then the
sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the
tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man
coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
31 "And He
will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they
will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end
of heaven to the other.
31 "When the
Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him,
then He will sit on the throne of His glory.
32 "All the
nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them
one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the
will: The Lord
will restore both Israel and Judah. The restoration of the
nation is key prophetic event in the end-times. Ezekiel chapters
36-39, revolve around the end-times restoration of the nation of
Israel, gathered from the nations back into the land.
30:3, Isaiah 11:11, Isaiah 14:1-2, Isaiah 56:8, Isaiah 49:14-26,
Jeremiah 12:15, 16:14, Jeremiah 23: 3-4,7-8, Jeremiah 29:10-14,
Jeremiah 30-31, Ezekiel 20:34-40, Ezekiel 28:24-27, Ezekiel
35-37, Ezekiel 38:8, Ezekiel :39 23-29, Joel 3:1, Hosea 1:10,
Hosea 3:4, Hosea 11:9-10, Amos 9:9, Micah 5:3, Zechariah 2:6-9,
Zechariah 8:7-8, Zechariah 10:6-12.
thus says the Lord God: 'Now I will bring back the captives of
Jacob, and have mercy on the whole house of Israel; and I will
be jealous for My holy name
26 after they
have borne their shame, and all their unfaithfulness in which
they were unfaithful to Me, when they dwelt safely in their own
land and no one made them afraid.
27 'When I
have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them out of
their enemies' lands, and I am hallowed in them in the sight of
28 'then they
shall know that I am the Lord their God, who sent them into
captivity among the nations, but also brought them back to their
land, and left none of them captive any longer.
Solomon, the united tribes of Israel were divided, into two
kingdoms, Judah and Benjamin to the south and the 10 other
tribes to the North. The term Jew derived from Judah, means
descendent of Judah. The northern tribes, referred to as
Ephraim were scattered by the Assyrians in 722 B.C. (2 Kings
17:6-7). Following this Judah, was scattered in 605-586 B.C.,
by the Babylonians who defeated Assyria.
Judah was allowed to return, Israel also returned, but as part
of Judah, a unified people known as Jews. There tribal
identities of Israel were lost in the captivity. The defeated
Assyrian Kingdom was incorporated into Babylon, and the Assyrian
captives, Israel became Babylonian captives. They would later
be identified as Jews, in the Babylonian Kingdom.
The northern tribes, became known as Ephraim (Joseph’s son) or
them back: The
restoration will include both the northern Kingdom and the
Southern kingdom, a unified nation. Ezekiel writes a detailed
prophecy regarding the restoration of a unified kingdom.
15 Again the
word of the Lord came to me, saying,
16 "As for
you, son of man, take a stick for yourself and write on it: 'For
Judah and for the children of Israel, his companions.' Then take
another stick and write on it, 'For Joseph, the stick of
Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel, his companions.'
17 "Then join
them one to another for yourself into one stick, and they will
become one in your hand.
18 "And when
the children of your people speak to you, saying, 'Will you not
show us what you mean by these?'-
19 "say to
them, 'Thus says the Lord God: "Surely I will take the stick of
Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of
Israel, his companions; and I will join them with it, with the
stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they will be one in
My hand." '
20 "And the
sticks on which you write will be in your hand before their
21 "Then say
to them, 'Thus says the Lord God: "Surely I will take the
children of Israel from among the nations, wherever they have
gone, and will gather them from every side and bring them into
their own land;
22 "and I
will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of
Israel; and one king shall be king over them all; they shall no
longer be two nations, nor shall they ever be divided into two
kingdoms again. Ezekiel 37:15-22
them aside: In the
Millennium, the obedient nation will be restored, and will not
be treated as though the nation had fallen away. The nation will
be completely restored.
the second Exodus
8 I will
whistle for them and gather them, For I will redeem them; And
they shall increase as they once increased.
9 "I will sow
them among the peoples, And they shall remember Me in far
countries; They shall live, together with their children, And
they shall return.
10 I will
also bring them back from the land of Egypt, And gather them
from Assyria. I will bring them into the land of Gilead and
Lebanon, Until no more room is found for them.
11 He shall
pass through the sea with affliction, And strike the waves of
the sea: All the depths of the River shall dry up. Then the
pride of Assyria shall be brought down, And the scepter of Egypt
12 "So I will
strengthen them in the Lord, And they shall walk up and down in
His name," Says the Lord.
Whistle for them: By God’s
word alone the people will be called back to the land. He will
whistle for his people, in same way someone whistles to get
attention, God will whistle and his people shall be brought
back. The environment will be prepared for the nations return.
them: The Lord is
the one gathering a redeemed people. Israel as a nation is
redeemed in the end times, when they acknowledge the Messiah,
who entered Jerusalem on a donkey (Zechariah 9;9), was sold for
30 pieces of silver (Zechariah 11;13) and pierced for the sins
of humanity (Zechariah 12:10).
them: Before Jesus
was crucified, he made the following statement from the Temple,
Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones
those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your
children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings,
but you were not willing! 38 "See! Your house is left to you
39 "for I say
to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, 'Blessed is He
who comes in the name of the Lord!' " Matthew 23:37-39
redemption will occur, when the Jewish nation accepts the
Messiah who died for their sins. When Christ returns, those who
were scattered in the tribulation will be gathered, as the
angels go throughout the earth and gather the elect.
31 "And He
will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they
will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end
of heaven to the other. Matthew 24:31
Sow…Among the people: The
scattering of the nation of Israel among the nations, was as if
God planted seeds and the descendents would be reaped as in a
harvest. The Jews among the nations opened the door for the
advance of the Gospel, in the cities the apostles visited.
In the last days, the nation will again be a witness to the
Gospel, as the 144,000 from the 12 tribes of Israel, bring the
Gospel to a lost world. (Revelation chapter 7:4, 14).
shall return: The
restoration of the nation of Israel, back in the land was born
out of both a religious and secular movement. Today in the land
there is a struggle between the religious and secular Jews for
control of the county. In the future, after the tribulation the
period the nation will come to an understanding of Messiah.
The restoration, of the return will only be complete at the
second coming, the restored nation prepares the way for national
them back: Egypt and
Assyria are the two nations mentioned here, causing some to try
to date this part of Zechariah to the Assyrian period,
unnecessarily. Egypt is the southern captivity, and Assyrian
the northern. Both Egypt and Assyria were oppressors of the
Hebrews. The reference here is to complete redemption. Isaiah
also mentioned both Egypt and Assyria in reference to the
gathering of the nation in the day of Messiah (Root of Jesse).
10 "And in
that day there shall be a Root of Jesse, Who shall stand as
a banner to the people; For the Gentiles shall seek Him, And His
resting place shall be glorious."
11 It shall
come to pass in that day That the Lord shall set His hand again
the second time To recover the remnant of His people who are
left, From Assyria and Egypt, From Pathros and Cush, From Elam
and Shinar, From Hamath and the islands of the sea.
the restoration, the nation borders will be two small as the
population stretches to the north (Lebanon) and west (Gilead)
He…Sea of affliction: Judah, will
pass through the affliction of the nations, as the nation
crossed the Red Sea under Moses. As Moses struck the sea and
the waters parted (Exodus 14:21-28), the sea of affliction will
be dried and the oppressors brought low, for the nation to pass.
The afflictions of the nation, including the Holocaust and the
coming tribulation, will seem as a passing events, as the nation
receives the blessing promised to them.
shall walk: The nation
will be elevated amongst nations, (Deut. 28:1) as they walk in
the power of the Messiah. The nations will serve Israel, who is
above the nations fulfilling the promises of the Covenant. The
Gentiles (The Church), which was grafted into the blessings of
Israel (Romans 11:10-22), will rule and reign with the Messiah.