the Second Coming and judgment of the nations, Israel along with the nations
enters a period known as the Millennium.
Ezekiel chapters 40 to 48 is the most detailed coverage of the Millennium in the
Bible. During this period the earth is transformed from the fallen judged world
of the tribulation period into a paradise.
Through out scripture we have glimpses of this world to come, how
the very nature of the animal kingdom will be transformed by the
presence of Jesus Christ. Paul writes in Romans chapter 8, all of
creation waits for this day, since when Adam and Eve fell, all of
19 For the
earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing
of the sons of God.
20 For the creation
was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who
subjected it in hope;
21 because the
creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of
corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22 For
we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs
together until now.
Millennium is a restoration, of what was lost in the fall, so
creation itself will be transform with the restoration of
redemption. Isaiah paints a picture of this restoration as the
predators will dwell in peace with their prey, and even the lion
will no longer eat meat, but straw.
6 "The wolf also
shall dwell with the lamb, The leopard shall lie down with the young
goat, The calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a
little child shall lead them.
7 The cow and the
bear shall graze; Their young ones shall lie down together; And the
lion shall eat straw like the ox. 8 The nursing child shall play by
the cobra's hole, And the weaned child shall put his hand in the
9 They shall not
hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, For the earth shall be
full of the knowledge of the Lord As the waters cover the sea.
to Isaiah 11:9, the
knowledge of God shall be throughout the earth, however people born
on the earth during the millennium, will still be required to make
eternal decisions for Jesus Christ who will be king of the Earth.
The government on the earth will be a theocracy, with Jesus Christ
as God and King over the earth, ruling and reigning with the
saints. During this period many of the promises made through the
prophets will be fulfilled. This section of Ezekiel reveals the
establishment of the throne of God, where the presence of God, the
Glory of the Lord returns establishing His throne in the presence of
humanity. Jesus Christ is the Glory of the Lord who returns in
power and glory to rule over His creation.
Ezekiel is given an extended tour of seat of God’s government on the
Ezekiel Chapter 40
taken in visions of God to Jerusalem in the future. There
he given a tour of the Millennium Temple courts, the outer
courts, gates and courts.
Ezekiel Chapter 41
taken in the Temple and the outer buildings surrounding the
Ezekiel Chapter 42
describes the chambers for the priests who minister before
the Glory of the Lord, as well as the outer dimensions of
the Temple area.
Ezekiel Chapter 43
witnesses the return of the Glory of the Lord, Jesus Christ,
who returns to the Temple, his earthly throne, where he
rules over the nations. He then describes the altar of God.
Ezekiel Chapter 44
hears the laws for those who are admitted to the Temple
area, including the Prince, Priests and others.
Ezekiel Chapter 45
told how the Holy District is divided. How property for the
Temple, Jerusalem and the prince is distributed.
Ezekiel Chapter 46
told how people are to approach the Lord in the Temple.
Ezekiel Chapter 47
told about a river that begins from Temple and flows to the
Dead Sea turning it into a living sea. The LORD also tells
him, the outlying borders of the nation.
Ezekiel Chapter 48
now told the specifics where the 12-tribes are to be located
in the land in relation to the Holy Districts. Ezekiel is
also told how the 12 gates to the city of Jerusalem are to
of the Millennium government follows the Second Coming. The
setting up this kingdom takes 45-days according to the book of
Daniel. The 1290-day period from the taking away of the sacrifice
and the abomination of desolation is the 2nd half of the
tribulation period. Daniel is told the who comes to the 1335th
day is blessed. This day is 45-days after the sacrifice is taken
away. Daniel is then told about his resurrection and inheritance at
the end of days. Daniel’s resurrection corresponds to the
Millennium, when all the saints rule and reign in the kingdom of
God, including Daniel.
11 "And from the
time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of
desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and
12 "Blessed is he
who waits, and comes to the one thousand
three hundred and thirty-five days.
13 "But you, go your
way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to your
inheritance at the end of the days."
Ezekiel describes the Temple and the buildings around it.
40 Ezekiel entered the inner court of the Temple area from the outer
court. He now begins to describe the Temple and its buildings. The
angel he met in chapter 40, who has the “appearance of bronze”,
takes Ezekiel through the Temple complex measuring the buildings and
spaces for Ezekiel to record.
1 Then he brought
me into the sanctuary and measured the doorposts, six cubits
wide on one side and six cubits wide on the other side-the width of
2 The width of the
entryway was ten cubits, and the side walls of the entrance were
five cubits on this side and five cubits on the other side; and he
measured its length, forty cubits, and its width, twenty cubits.
3 Also he went
inside and measured the doorposts, two cubits; and the entrance, six
cubits high; and the width of the entrance, seven cubits.
4 He measured the
length, twenty cubits; and the width, twenty cubits, beyond the
sanctuary; and he said to me, "This is the Most Holy Place." Ezekiel
Just as the
Tabernacle in the Exodus and Solomon’s Temple, here there is also a
Holy of Holies, the “Most Holy Place”. When Jesus died on the cross
the curtain, separating this room was ripped from top to bottom.
Today, through the Holy Spirit all believers have access to the Most
Holy Place as the book of Hebrews describes.
17 then He adds,
"Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more."
18 Now where there
is remission of these, there is no longer an offering for sin.
brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of
20 by a new and
living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is,
21 and having a High
Priest over the house of God,
Temple is to remind those who are born in the Millennium the way of
salvation is through the work of Jesus. Just as we partake in
communion the events and ministry of the Temple is to point those
are born and live in the Millennium to the work of the King,
reminding them of His sacrifice. In addition to telling us the
dimension of the Temple, Ezekiel also describes what he sees in the
Temple, such as the carved images of Cherubim and palm trees.
13 So he measured
the temple, one hundred cubits long; and the separating courtyard
with the building and its walls was one hundred cubits long;
14 also the width of
the eastern face of the temple, including the separating courtyard,
was one hundred cubits. .
24 The doors had two
panels apiece, two folding panels: two panels for one door and two
panels for the other door.
25 Cherubim and palm
trees were carved on the doors of the temple just as they were
carved on the walls. A wooden canopy was on the front of the
26 There were
beveled window frames and palm trees on one side and on the other,
on the sides of the vestibule-also on the side chambers of the
temple and on the canopies. Ezekiel 41:13-14,24-26
Ezekiel describes the Temple and the buildings around it.
continues the tour, he now is taken out of the inner court to the
outer court where he describes the chambers for the priests.
1 Then he brought me
out into the outer court, by the way toward the north; and he
brought me into the chamber which was opposite the separating
courtyard, and which was opposite the building toward the north.
2 Facing the length,
which was one hundred cubits (the width was fifty cubits), was the
3 Opposite the inner
court of twenty cubits, and opposite the pavement of the outer
court, was gallery against gallery in three stories. Ezekiel 42:1-3
measures the outer dimensions of the Temple, each rod was 6-long
cubits, the outer dimensions measured 500-Rods square. That would
make the Temple area about 5250-feet per side, or about one square
mile. The outer and inner court of the Temple complex would be in
the center of this complex. Some would argue that rod means cubit
here saying the Temple complex is 500-cubits by 500-cubits, which
seems to be the case. However the Holy District is also 500-rods by
500-rods according Ezekiel 45:2.
16 He measured the
east side with the measuring rod, five hundred rods by the measuring
rod all around.
17 He measured the
north side, five hundred rods by the measuring rod all around.
18 He measured the
south side, five hundred rods by the measuring rod.
19 He came around to
the west side and measured five hundred rods by the measuring rod.
20 He measured it on
the four sides; it had a wall all around, five hundred cubits long
and five hundred wide, to separate the holy areas from the common.
Ezekiel describes the Glory of the Lord returning to the Temple.
describes the return of the Glory of the Lord, to His Temple via the
East Gate. Remember Ezekiel watched as the Glory of the Lord left
the Temple because of sin (Ezekiel 8-10). He was now returning.
This is actually a view of Christ entering His throne in the
Millennium. The mercy was the throne in the Holy of Holies, where
the priest would appear once a year before the presence of God
Afterward he brought me to the gate, the gate that faces toward
2 And behold, the
glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east. His
voice was like the sound of many waters; and the earth shone with
3 It was like the
appearance of the vision which I saw-like the vision which I saw
when I came to destroy the city. The visions were like the vision
which I saw by the River Chebar; and I fell on my face.
4 And the glory
of the Lord came into the temple by way of the gate which faces
toward the east.
5 The Spirit lifted
me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of
the Lord filled the temple.
6 Then I heard Him
speaking to me from the temple, while a man stood beside me.
7 And He said to me,
"Son of man, this is the place of My throne and the place of
the soles of My feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the
children of Israel forever. No more shall the house of Israel defile
My holy name, they nor their kings, by their harlotry or with the
carcasses of their kings on their high places.
Ezekiel describes the laws of those admitted to the Temple,
including the prince.
Here Ezekiel the
laws regarding the Temple are set forward, regarding who and how
someone is to approach the Temple. The groups are mentioned here,
the Prince, the people and the priests. The prince is probably the
resurrected King David who will represent who will represent
humanity before the throne of God, on the earth.
25 "Then they shall
dwell in the land that I have given to Jacob My servant, where your
fathers dwelt; and they shall dwell there, they, their children, and
their children's children, forever; and My servant David shall be
their prince forever. Ezekiel 37:25
1 Then He brought me
back to the outer gate of the sanctuary which faces toward
the east, but it was shut.
2 And the Lord said
to me, "This gate shall be shut; it shall not be opened, and no man
shall enter by it, because the Lord God of Israel has entered by it;
therefore it shall be shut.
3 "As for the
prince, because he is the prince, he may sit in it to eat bread
before the Lord; he shall enter by way of the vestibule of the
gateway, and go out the same way."
4 Also He brought me
by way of the north gate to the front of the temple; so I looked,
and behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord; and
I fell on my face.
5 And the Lord said
to me, "Son of man, mark well, see with your eyes and hear with your
ears, all that I say to you concerning all the ordinances of the
house of the Lord and all its laws. Mark well who may enter the
house and all who go out from the sanctuary. Ezekiel
Ezekiel 45 Ezekiel
describes the Temple and the buildings around it.
Here the land from
the Temple out is described. The division of the land starts from
the Temple and moves outward.
1 "Moreover, when
you divide the land by lot into inheritance, you shall set apart a
district for the Lord, a holy section of the land; its length shall
be twenty-five thousand cubits, and the width ten thousand. It shall
be holy throughout its territory all around.
2 "Of this there
shall be a square plot for the sanctuary, five hundred by five
hundred rods, with fifty cubits around it for an open space.
3 "So this is the
district you shall measure: twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten
thousand wide; in it shall be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place.
4 "It shall be a
holy section of the land, belonging to the priests, the ministers of
the sanctuary, who come near to minister to the Lord; it shall be a
place for their houses and a holy place for the sanctuary.
5 "An area
twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten thousand wide shall belong
to the Levites, the ministers of the temple; they shall have twenty
chambers as a possession. Ezekiel
Ezekiel describes how the Lord is to be worshipped by those in the
1 'Thus says the
Lord God: "The gateway of the inner court that faces toward the east
shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be
opened, and on the day of the New Moon it shall be opened.
2 "The prince shall
enter by way of the vestibule of the gateway from the outside, and
stand by the gatepost. The priests shall prepare his burnt offering
and his peace offerings. He shall worship at the threshold of the
gate. Then he shall go out, but the gate shall not be shut until
3 "Likewise the
people of the land shall worship at the entrance to this gateway
before the Lord on the Sabbaths and the New Moons.
8 "When the prince
enters, he shall go in by way of the vestibule of the gateway, and
go out the same way.
9 "But when the
people of the land come before the Lord on the appointed feast days,
whoever enters by way of the north gate to worship shall go out by
way of the south gate; and whoever enters by way of the south gate
shall go out by way of the north gate. He shall not return by way of
the gate through which he came, but shall go out through the
Ezekiel describes the Temple and the buildings around it.
characteristic in the Millennium is the resurrection of the dead.
Not only are the dead resurrected, but the Dead Sea becomes a living
sea as water flows from the Temple toward the sea causing life to
flows from the Temple, in the New Jerusalem the river will also flow
from the throne of God through the city (Revelation 22).
1 Then he brought me
back to the door of the temple; and there was water, flowing from
under the threshold of the temple toward the east, for the front of
the temple faced east; the water was flowing from under the right
side of the temple, south of the altar.
2 He brought me out
by way of the north gate, and led me around on the outside to the
outer gateway that faces east; and there was water, running out on
the right side.
3 And when the man
went out to the east with the line in his hand, he measured one
thousand cubits, and he brought me through the waters; the water
came up to my ankles.
4 Again he measured
one thousand and brought me through the waters; the water came up to
my knees. Again he measured one thousand and brought me through; the
water came up to my waist.
5 Again he measured
one thousand, and it was a river that I could not cross; for the
water was too deep, water in which one must swim, a river that could
not be crossed.
6 He said to me,
"Son of man, have you seen this?" Then he brought me and returned me
to the bank of the river.
7 When I returned,
there, along the bank of the river, were very many trees on one side
and the other.
8 Then he said to
me: "This water flows toward the eastern region, goes down into the
valley, and enters the sea. When it reaches the sea, its waters are
9 "And it shall
be that every living thing that moves, wherever the rivers go, will
live. There will be a very great multitude of fish, because
these waters go there; for they will be healed, and everything will
live wherever the river goes.
10 "It shall be that
fishermen will stand by it from En Gedi to En Eglaim; they will be
places for spreading their nets. Their fish will be of the same
kinds as the fish of the Great Sea, exceedingly many.
11 "But its swamps
and marshes will not be healed; they will be given over to salt.
12 "Along the bank
of the river, on this side and that, will grow all kinds of trees
used for food; their leaves will not wither, and their fruit will
not fail. They will bear fruit every month, because their water
flows from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be for food, and their
leaves for medicine."
Ezekiel the location of the tribes of Israel in relation to the
chapter of Ezekiel is set at the beginning of the Millennium. Once
Israel comes to know their Messiah, Jesus Christ, the righteousness
of Christ is imparted to the nation. This same point holds true to
every sinner who comes to Jesus Christ, they are redeemed with the
blood of the Lamb. God’s salvation is imparted to them. When
Israel comes to national salvation as foretold in
Zechariah 12:9-10, Christ returns and establishes
the Messianic Kingdom. This is the meaning behind Jesus’ promise to
the 12 disciples, that why would sit on 12-thrones judging the
12-tribes of Israel. This was a literal promise, which requires a
literal nation. Ezekiel 48
regards the fulfillment of these words.
28 So Jesus said to
them, "Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when
the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have
followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve
tribes of Israel. Matthew 19:28
Regeneration is the resurrection; this is the period of Messianic
Kingdom, the Kingdom of God. What follows the Millennium is covered
in Revelation 20 to 22; this however is outside the
scope of Ezekiel. Ezekiel ends with Israel entering the Millennium
as a kingdom, redeemed and serving the Glory of the Lord, Jesus
Christ in the Kingdom of God.
1 "Now these are the
names of the tribes: From the northern border along the road to
Hethlon at the entrance of Hamath, to Hazar Enan, the border of
Damascus northward, in the direction of Hamath, there shall be one
section for Dan from its east to its west side;
2 "by the border of
Dan, from the east side to the west, one section for Asher;
8 "by the border of
Judah, from the east side to the west, shall be the district which
you shall set apart, twenty-five thousand cubits in width, and in
length the same as one of the other portions, from the east side to
the west, with the sanctuary in the center.
9 "The district that
you shall set apart for the Lord shall be twenty-five thousand
cubits in length and ten thousand in width.
10 "To these-to the
priests-the holy district shall belong: on the north twenty-five
thousand cubits in length, on the west ten thousand in width, on the
east ten thousand in width, and on the south twenty-five thousand in
length. The sanctuary of the Lord shall be in the center.
11 "It shall be for
the priests of the sons of Zadok, who are sanctified, who have kept
My charge, who did not go astray when the children of Israel went
astray, as the Levites went astray.
12 "And this
district of land that is set apart shall be to them a thing most
holy by the border of the Levites.
13 "Opposite the
border of the priests, the Levites shall have an area twenty-five
thousand cubits in length and ten thousand in width; its entire
length shall be twenty-five thousand and its width ten thousand.
14 "And they shall
not sell or exchange any of it; they may not alienate this best part
of the land, for it is holy to the Lord.
15 "The five
thousand cubits in width that remain, along the edge of the
twenty-five thousand, shall be for general use by the city, for
dwellings and common-land; and the city shall be in the center.
16 "These shall be
its measurements: the north side four thousand five hundred cubits,
the south side four thousand five hundred, the east side four
thousand five hundred, and the west side four thousand five hundred.
17 "The common-land
of the city shall be: to the north two hundred and fifty cubits, to
the south two hundred and fifty, to the east two hundred and fifty,
and to the west two hundred and fifty.
18 "The rest of the
length, alongside the district of the holy section, shall be ten
thousand cubits to the east and ten thousand to the west. It shall
be adjacent to the district of the holy section, and its produce
shall be food for the workers of the city.
19 "The workers of
the city, from all the tribes of Israel, shall cultivate it.
20 "The entire
district shall be twenty-five thousand cubits by twenty-five
thousand cubits, foursquare. You shall set apart the holy district
with the property of the city.
21 "The rest shall
belong to the prince, on one side and on the other of the holy
district and of the city's property, next to the twenty-five
thousand cubits of the holy district as far as the eastern border,
and westward next to the twenty-five thousand as far as the western
border, adjacent to the tribal portions; it shall belong to the
prince. It shall be the holy district, and the sanctuary of the
temple shall be in the center.
22 "Moreover, apart
from the possession of the Levites and the possession of the city
which are in the midst of what belongs to the prince, the area
between the border of Judah and the border of Benjamin shall belong
to the prince.
Jerusalem in the Millennium
The name of
the city declares its character. The very presence of Almighty God
is dwelling in the city of Jerusalem, and its name will be called
“the Lord is There”.
29 "This is the land
which you shall divide by lot as an inheritance among the tribes of
Israel, and these are their portions," says the Lord God.
30 "These are the
exits of the city. On the north side, measuring four thousand five
31 '(the gates of
the city shall be named after the tribes of Israel), the three gates
northward: one gate for Reuben, one gate for Judah, and one gate for
32 "on the east
side, four thousand five hundred cubits, three gates: one gate for
Joseph, one gate for Benjamin, and one gate for Dan;
33 "on the south
side, measuring four thousand five hundred cubits, three gates: one
gate for Simeon, one gate for Issachar, and one gate for Zebulun;
34 "on the west
side, four thousand five hundred cubits with their three gates: one
gate for Gad, one gate for Asher, and one gate for Naphtali.
35 "All the way
around shall be eighteen thousand cubits; and the name of the city
from that day shall be: The Lord Is There." Ezekiel 48:29-35