to Daniel Chapter 9
The 9th chapter of Daniel is one of the greatest chapters in
the Bible. Understanding this chapter is the key to
understanding God’s plan of redemption and prophecy. Chapter
nine ties together the other visions in the book of Daniel, and
unlocks their meaning.
Here we find out how the “Son of Man” in Daniel 7 became the “Son of
Man”. The Messiah would die for the sins of the world,
fulfilling the words of Isaiah 52:12 to 53:13. Daniel chapter
nine would revealed the exact month and year of Messiah’s death
538 years before his birth.
God also informs Daniel about what will happen to
Israel in the
future, and how Israel’s future will relate to events at the end
of time. The event known as the “Abomination of Desolation”
referenced by Jesus in Matthew 24:15 is illuminated as the half
way mark in the final week of Daniel’s Seventy Weeks. Through
Gabriel, God informs Daniel, how a third
Temple will be the beginning sign of the completion of the times of
the Gentiles, ending with God’s judgment poured out on the
Chronologically chapter 9 follows 5, and is in the same year of chapter
6, when Daniel is cast into den of lions. Whether Daniel has
this great vision before or after he cast into the lions den is
1 In the first
year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the lineage of the
Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans-
2 in the first
year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by the books the number
of the years specified by the word of the Lord through Jeremiah
the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the
First year of
Great appointed Darius to rule over the Babylon. This covered
in more detail in chapter 6. Darius the Mede was an ally of
Persia, led by Cyrus the great. The Medes were the Persian
overlords prior to Cyrus the Great who rebelled against Median
control. Cyrus rebelled his Mede grandfather, and the Median
generals allied with him. Darius was likely one of his Mede
generals who was 64 years of age at the time of this event.
There are two
explanations to the identity of this Darius as Walvoord give the
explanation given by John C. Whitcomb,
One of these explanations…Whitcomb hold that Ugbaru, identified
previously as the governor of Gutium in the Nabonidus
Chronical, led the army of Cyrus into
and died less than a month later. Gubaru, however, identified
by Whitcomb as Darius the Mede, a king of Babylon under the
authority of Cyrus….The third view, held by the conservative
scholar, D.J. Wiseman, has simplicity in its favor. It claims
Darius the Mede is another name of Cyrus the Persian. This is
based on the translation of Daniel 6;28 which the Aramaic
permits to read, “Daniel prospered in the reign of Darius, even
the reign of Cyrus the Persian. The fact that monarchs had more
than one name is common in ancient literature.
Made king: The
words “was made king” demonstrates the accuracy of the book of
Daniel. Since he was made King he is more likely appointed to
the position, contrary the critics charge Daniel is in error.
Darius served as governor over the Babylonian conquests of
Daniel is about 81 to 83 years old at this point in his life.
This vision in the ninth chapter is either follows or precedes
Daniel being thrown in the Lions den in chapter 6.
Daniel had acquired a copy of the writings of Jeremiah, who
was a contemporary of Daniel. Daniel was a youth when he was
taken captive into the
land of Babylon
at 14. Jeremiah at the time Daniel was taken captive would have
been 36 years of age.
Jeremiah lived a turbulent life in the courts of
For twenty-two years he served under the righteous rule of
Josiah. After Josiah’s death, he served under his sons who,
were wicked and refused to obey the words of God, spoken through
Jeremiah, to their own destruction.
In 605 B.C. the Babylonians received the submission of
Jerusalem after the victory of Carcemeish. Jehoiakim refused to
as instructed by Jeremiah and was overthrown after he rebelled
in 597 B.C.
He was replaced by his uncle Zedekiah, who also
refused to listen to the word of God, through Jeremiah.
Zedekiah burned God’s word by the prophet Jeremiah in the fire.
Finally, after a third and final rebellion against
the Babylonian armies came and destroyed the city and the temple
in 587 B.C. The rebels took Jeremiah captive to the land of
Egypt where he died in an unmarked grave.
Jeremiah’s scrolls were rewritten after they were
burned, and either the originals or copies made their way to
Daniel. From the scrolls Daniel read the words of Jeremiah,
concerning what would happen to the city of
Jeremiah foretold Babylon’s success for a period of 70 years, in
605 B.C., (Jeremiah 25:1). Resulting in Jerusalem’s
11 'And this
whole land shall be a desolation and an astonishment, and these
nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
12 'Then it will
come to pass, when seventy years are completed, that I will
punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the
Chaldeans, for their iniquity,' says the Lord; 'and I will make
it a perpetual desolation.
13 'So I will
bring on that land all My words which I have pronounced against
it, all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah has
prophesied concerning all the nations.
10 For thus says
the Lord: After seventy years are completed at Babylon, I will
visit you and perform My good word toward you, and cause you to
return to this place.
The city of
Jerusalem was completely destroyed in 586 B.C. when the armies
attacked the city for the third time. The seventy years were
compete with the destruction of the Jewish temple. The Temple
was destroyed in 586 B.C., and construction was started in 536
B.C., but it was not completed unit 516 B.C.
3 Then I set my
face toward the Lord God to make request by prayer and
supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes.
4 And I prayed
to the Lord my God, and made confession, and said, "O Lord,
great and awesome God, who keeps His covenant and mercy with
those who love Him, and with those who keep His commandments,
I set my face:
Daniel is a man of prayer, from the time he was taken as a
captive at 14, till the last days of his life, prayer was
present. Daniel was in the habit of praying three times each
day toward the city of Jerusalem.
10 Now when
Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in
his upper room, with his windows open toward
Jerusalem, he knelt down on his knees three times that day, and prayed
and gave thanks before his God, as was his custom since early
Daniel had a method to his prayer and his approach to
God. Daniel understood God operated through his faithful
people. Daniel understood he part of the plan’s fulfillment;
through Daniel’s prayer, God would accomplish his plan. Daniel
prepared himself before he approached God in prayer. Daniel had
every reason to rest on his laurels, he was there at the
beginning of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign and the fall of
Babylon. He was
now appointed to high office in the new Persian administration.
Daniel did not magnify his heart or position, but approached God
in humility and awe.
He came to God with prayer and according to his Word;
that His will might be accomplished.
is communication with God. Daniel talked with God and
made is requests known to God. He asked God to
accomplish his will, according to his word
fasting ones complete attention was focused on God.
Daniel also fasted from particular types of food. See
wore garments made from rough, inexpensive material to
focus his mind, and mourn for the sins of his people.
wearing ashes, Daniel humbled himself, in appearance,
because his concern was for God’s word and His
interceded for his people and himself, the reason Daniel was in
Babylon and now Persia was because of the sins of his people,
God’s mercy allowed Daniel to be used, but his descendents and
forefathers were punished because of their sins. Daniel
confessed the sins of the nation before God.
5 "we have
sinned and committed iniquity, we have done wickedly and
rebelled, even by departing from Your precepts and Your
6 "Neither have
we heeded Your servants the prophets, who spoke in Your name to
our kings and our princes, to our fathers and all the people of
7 "O Lord,
righteousness belongs to You, but to us shame of face, as it is
this day-to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem
and all Israel, those near and those far off in all the
countries to which You have driven them, because of the
unfaithfulness which they have committed against You.
8 "O Lord, to us
belongs shame of face, to our kings, our princes, and our
fathers, because we have sinned against You.
9 "To the Lord
our God belong mercy and forgiveness, though we have rebelled
10 "We have not
obeyed the voice of the Lord our God, to walk in His laws, which
He set before us by His servants the prophets.
11 "Yes, all
Israel has transgressed Your law, and has departed so as not to
obey Your voice; therefore the curse and the oath written in the
Law of Moses the servant of God have been poured out on us,
because we have sinned against Him.
12 "And He has
confirmed His words, which He spoke against us and against our
judges who judged us, by bringing upon us a great disaster; for
under the whole heaven such has never been done as what has been
done to Jerusalem.
13 "As it is
written in the Law of Moses, all this disaster has come upon us;
yet we have not made our prayer before the Lord our God, that we
might turn from our iniquities and understand Your truth.
the Lord has kept the disaster in mind, and brought it upon us;
for the Lord our God is righteous in all the works which He
does, though we have not obeyed His voice.
Daniel acknowledged the reason for
punishment. Their rebellion against God and his word.
The people, rulers and kings rejected the message given by God
through his prophets. Jeremiah’s scroll was burned by Zedekiah
king of Judah and Ahab tried to kill Elijah. Jeremiah’s messages
were rejected by most people and the kings, even when they
promised him they would follow whatever the Lord said whether
good or bad.
The Law of
entered the promised land they confirmed the covenant of Moses
with promises of curses and blessings. If Israel was obedient
they would be blessed above all nations of the earth, if they
disobeyed and turned away from God they would receive the curses
of the covenant.
"Then the Lord will scatter you among all peoples, from one end
of the earth to the other, and there you shall serve other gods,
which neither you nor your fathers have known-wood and stone.
He has confirmed:
Daniel understood the truth of God’s word, he knew God kept his
word and confirmed it through events. The people were judged
according to the promises God made through his prophets. If the
people turned away from God, and followed after other gods, then
they would receive the promises of judgment.
As it is written:
evidence of God’s faithfulness is the events are fulfilled that
were proclaimed before they happened. God, by demonstrated his
nature and faithfulness to his word by confirming his word in
the events. Daniel knew God was faithful to his word proclaimed
through the prophets. The destruction of the
and Jerusalem were in fulfillment of God’s Word.
19 "But if you
turn away and forsake My statutes and My commandments which I
have set before you, and go and serve other gods, and worship
20 "then I will
uproot them from My land which I have given them; and this house
which I have sanctified for My name I will cast out of My sight,
and will make it a proverb and a byword among all peoples.
Temple was destroyed in 586 B.C. according to God’s word. The
destruction of the Temple and the scattering of the people was a
15 "And now, O
Lord our God, who brought Your people out of the land of Egypt
with a mighty hand, and made Yourself a name, as it is this
day-we have sinned, we have done wickedly!
16 "O Lord,
according to all Your righteousness, I pray, let Your anger and
Your fury be turned away from Your city Jerusalem, Your holy
mountain; because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our
fathers, Jerusalem and Your people are a reproach to all those
therefore, our God, hear the prayer of Your servant, and his
supplications, and for the Lord's sake cause Your face to shine
on Your sanctuary, which is desolate.
18 "O my God,
incline Your ear and hear; open Your eyes and see our
desolations, and the city which is called by Your name; for we
do not present our supplications before You because of our
righteous deeds, but because of Your great mercies.
19 "O Lord,
hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and act! Do not delay for
Your own sake, my God, for Your city and Your people are called
by Your name."
Now o Lord
Now O Lord:
children of Israel are identified with God, the one and only
Lord who brought the children out of Egypt. God had chosen
Israel to be an example in the earth to the nations of the
6 "For you are a
holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen
you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the
peoples on the face of the earth.
7 "The Lord did
not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in
number than any other people, for you were the least of all
Made a name:
Israel the Lord
established himself in the Earth,
is his witnesses to earth. They as a people reflect God to the
world, therefore when they sin and fall away, God for the sake
of His own holiness brings judgment on the people.
10 "You are My
witnesses," says the Lord, "And My servant whom I have chosen,
That you may know and believe Me, And understand that I am He.
Before Me there was no God formed, Nor shall there be after Me.
people I have formed for Myself; They shall declare My praise.
22 "But you have
not called upon Me, O Jacob; And you have been weary of Me, O
The city of
God’s city, the city
mountain of God
is what we know today as the Temple Mount, Mt. Moriah. Mount
Moriah, is the mount Abraham was called to from the land of
Ur, (Genesis 12:6, 22:2, 2 Chronicles 3:1) On Mount
Moriah, God commanded that His holy
Daniel was God’s servant, who knew he was personally involved
in the struggle, he represented
Israel on earth
before God through prayer. In the same way Daniel, interceded
for Israel, those who know Christ can intercede according to
God’s will in the affairs of humanity.
16 Confess your
trespasses to one another, and pray for one another, that you
may be healed. The effective, fervent prayer of a righteous man
17 Elijah was a
man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it
would not rain; and it did not rain on the land for three years
and six months.
18 And he prayed
again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth produced its
Not….because of our righteous:
acknowledged Israel did not deserve God to be faithful to
them based on their works, but based on God’s mercy.
Gabriel delivers the Message
20 Now while I
was speaking, praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my
people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the Lord my
God for the holy mountain of my God,
21 yes, while I
was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the
vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, reached me
about the time of the evening offering.
22 And he
informed me, and talked with me, and said, "O Daniel, I have now
come forth to give you skill to understand.
23 "At the
beginning of your supplications the command went out, and I have
come to tell you, for you are greatly beloved; therefore
consider the matter, and understand the vision:
In the process of his prayer, Daniel received an answer.
This is Daniel’s third vision, the first occurred in chapter
seven, and the second occurred in eight.
specifically praying about the Temple-Mount and God’s plan
regarding his holy house. In the Seventy weeks vision, The
Temple and the
Temple Mount play
significant roles. Daniel prayer regarding the Temple is
answered beyond what Daniel was praying about. Daniel was
praying for the Temple’s restoration.
Gabriel tells Daniel, not only will the
restored again, but it will be destroyed again, after an
anointed one (Messiah) is cut off or killed.
This is Gabriel’s second appearance to Daniel.
Daniel prayed three times a day, according to
He prayed towards the Temple-Mount, as instructed by scripture.
Israel is instructed to pray toward the Temple, asking for God’s
forgiveness, Daniel prayed according to God’s word.
33 "When Your
people Israel are defeated before an enemy because they have
sinned against You, and when they turn back to You and confess
Your name, and pray and make supplication to You in this temple,
34 "then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of Your people
Israel, and bring them back to the land which You gave to their
fathers. 35 "When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain
because they have sinned against You, when they pray toward
this place and confess Your name, and turn from their sin
because You afflict them,
I Kings 8:33-35
Gabriel informs Daniel of the answer to his prayer. He also
sheds light on process of prayer in relation to God and heaven.
Through Daniel was on earth, his prayer had immediate attention
in Heaven. Gabriel tells Daniel at the start of his request
the command went out, as if the c
Skill to understand:
What Gabriel is going to tell Daniel is going to equip Daniel
to understand God’s plan. This is Daniel third vision, with one
more to follow. Daniel’s key to understanding the
interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream (Chapter 2), his first
and second visions (Daniel 7,8), this vision and the vision to
follow (Daniel 10,11,12) all hinge on what is revealed in the
You are greatly beloved:
makes another statement revealing another dimension of prayer.
Daniel is a known personality in Heaven. Gabriel tells Daniel,
he is greatly beloved. Daniel is about 81 or 82 years old, from
the time of his youth, prayer is a consistent part of Daniel’s
life. Daniel’s prayers are known before the throne of God.
Daniel is known before the thrown of God because Daniel is a
Gabriel is here to help Daniel understand this vision, the
vision regarding the Seventy Weeks determined on his people and
Jerusalem. This was command directly from the throne to Gabriel
Seventy Weeks (a more detailed explanation)
weeks are determined For your people and for your holy city, To
finish the transgression, To make an end of sins, To make
reconciliation for iniquity, To bring in everlasting
righteousness, To seal up vision and prophecy, And to anoint the
therefore and understand, That from the going forth of the
command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince,
There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; The street shall
be built again, and the wall, Even in troublesome times.
26 "And after
the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for
Himself; And the people of the prince who is to come Shall
destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with
a flood, And till the end of the war desolations are determined.
27 Then he shall
confirm a covenant with many for one week; But in the middle of
the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on
the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, Even
until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on
Weeks of Daniel
weeks of Daniel is a prophecy, which can be used as an example
of associating facts with claims.
God has a
490-year plan involving the Jewish People and Jerusalem.
We are told
be rebuilt with walls, and streets
The Messiah would be killed 483 years after the
command to rebuild
walls and streets is given.
The rebuilt temple would be destroyed by the
descends of a future world leader
A future world leader who is descendent of the
armies who destroyed
would make an agreement to build a Third Temple.
Temple would be
rebuilt and sacrifices stopped after 3.5 years.
Prophecy takes place in 539 B.C., in the First year of
Darius the Mede. Daniel is now between 81 to 84 years
old. As a boy, he was taken captive by the Babylonians
in 605 B.C. In 586 B.C. The Babylonians destroyed the
and the Temple. Jeremiah foretold a 70-year period of
desolation on the city for their sin. Daniel was
praying for the city’s restoration since 67 years had
Gabriel the angel was sent to Daniel to answer his
prayer and tell him God’s time plan for his city,
Jerusalem and his people.
"Seventy weeks are determined For your people and for
your holy city, To finish the transgression, To make an
end of sins, To make reconciliation for iniquity, To
bring in everlasting righteousness, To seal up vision
and prophecy, And to anoint the Most Holy.
(7 x70=490) A 490 year period of time is established on
“ Your city”
and “Your People” the Jewish People.
events happen within these 490 years.
Make an end of sins
Make reconciliation for iniquity
Bring in everlasting righteousness
Seal up vision and
Anoint the Most Holy.
Super-Natural Objective Evidence
The focus of
Jerusalem and the Jewish People
therefore and understand, That from the going forth of
the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah
the Prince, There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two
weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall,
Even in troublesome times.
490-year period begins with the command to “Restore”
including the walls and streets in the
times of trouble.
The command to rebuild the walls and streets takes place in
March/April 444 B.C. (Nehemiah 2:8) Nehemiah is given
orders to build the walls of
Jerusalem, and access to the King of Persia’s resources.
Gabriel tells Daniel from the command given (March/April
444 B.C.) until Messiah the Prince will be
7-weeks (49 years) and 62-weeks (434-years) totaling
(7 Weeks + 62 Weeks=69 Weeks)
7=483) From the Command given in March/April 444
B.C. to until Messiah the Prince is 483 Jewish
Our equivalent to Daniel’s calendar is 476 years and 24
The Command was given in March/April 444 B.C. 476 years and
24 days later is March 29th 33 A.D. the Jesus
Christ was “Cut off” by the Jewish Priesthood. (John
The Exact month and Year of Messiah Death 500
years before his birth
after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but
not for Himself; And the people of the prince who is to
come Shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end
of it shall be with a flood, And until the end of the
war desolations are determined.
Gabriel tells Daniel after the 62 Week (434 year)
Messiah the Prince is cut off. Not for Himself,
Messiah dies for the sins of the world (Isaiah 53).
Following his death Jerusalem and the Temple are
destroyed again, after they were rebuilt, following
Daniel’s prayer. The people of a prince who
is to come , will destroy Jerusalem and Temple 37
years after the death of Jesus Christ. Daniel foretold
of the Roman destruction of Jerusalem almost 600-years
before the event.
Gabriel tells Daniel the desolations on
Jerusalem and the Jewish people will continue until the
Dome of The Rock, the third most site in Islam
occupies the Temple-site. The Temple-Mount is the
center of world focus pitting the world of Islam and
Judaism against each other. There is a growing movement
to rebuild the Temple. The problem is 1.3 billion
Muslims hold the Dome of the Rock as their sacred site.
The 490-year clock stopped at the death of Messiah at the
end of the 69th Week, as desolations were
determined till the 70th week.
The Destruction of Jerusalem and the
following the death of Christ
The continual desolations that befell the Jewish
People after the
After the destruction of the city and
by Rome, the city and territory were renamed by Hadrian
to erase the Jewish memory. Christianity continued to
spread in the Roman empire. In the early 4th
century, with the conversion of the Emperor Constantine
Rome officially became a “Christian” Empire. Two
capitals were designated, Rome in the west and Byzantium
in the East.
In the deserts of
in the city of Mecca, a new religion emerged, Islam, in
610 A.D. Islam claimed to be the only true faith, the
successor to both Christianity and Judaism. The
founder, Mohammed Ibn Abdallah, claimed to have traveled
in a night journey and from the top of
ascend into heaven.
In heaven, God gave Mohammed the requirements of the
Islamic faith. In 634, 2 years after the death of
Mohammed the armies of Islam defeated Bzyantines for
control of the
land of Israel. Over,
Moriah, was built the Dome of the Rock, the third most
holy spot for Islam, to commemorate Mohammad’s night
journey, and to also demonstrate the truth of Islam as
the final religion on earth.
for a short period of Crusader rule the Temple-Mount has
been under the control of Islamic power. This all
changed after WWI when the Ottoman Empire lost to the
Allies. The Ottoman empire was divided and a Palestine
protectorate was established under British rule. The
British promised to establish a Jewish state if they
defeated the Ottomans, after the war they failed to
follow through on this promise.
after WWII after half the world Jewish population was
destroyed in the Holocaust, the nations of the world in
May 1948 established the state of Israel. Jews from
around the world returned to the land their forefathers
once occupied 2000 years ago. The Arab nations waged
war on the new Jewish state and lost, Jerusalem at first
an international city became a city divided.
Jerusalem belonged to the Jews and East Jerusalem with
the Temple Mount was controlled by the Arabs. Then
following another war, the Six Day War in 1967,
defeated Jordan and Egypt and recovered East Jerusalem
and the Temple Mount. A soverign Israel, again
controlled the Temple Mount the first time since 63 B.C.
when the Romans under General Pompei took possession of
Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week;
But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to
sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations
shall be one who makes desolate, Even until the
consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the
tells Daniel, a future 7-year agreement will allow the
Temple to be rebuilt allowing sacrifice and offering to
take place. He is the prince to come,
descended from the people who destroyed the
Temple and Jerusalem, the Romans. Rebuilding the Temple
is a growing movement in Israel, for a several reasons.
Growing religious movement, looking for the
return of Messiah
Removal of Muslim claims to
Establishment of spiritual and cultural identity
tells Daniel, In the midst of this agreement 7-year
agreement, 3.5 years, the Prince to come breaks
the agreement and stops sacrifice and offering, until
the consummation, or destruction which falls on those
destined for Judgment.
Super-Natural Objective Evidence
The future problem of the Temple-Mount site
The rebuilding of the
The need of a peace-agreement to allow the
to be rebuilt