Introduction to Daniel
first three verses of this chapter are a continuation of the
prophecy started in 11:1. Most scholars feel these verses
should have been part of chapter 11, since its part of the same
The first three verses deal with the last half of tribulation, and merge
into the Millennium of blessing and touch on the great white
throne judgment and eternity.
The last ten verses fill in some very specific details and events to
close of seven-year tribulation period.
1 "At that time
Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over
the sons of your people; And there shall be a time of trouble,
Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time.
And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who
is found written in the book.
At that time: The flow of time is a continuation of the events occurring in
chapter 11:36 to 45. At the close of verse 45, the Antichrist has enteredIsrael
and is about to desecrate the Temple.
he shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious
This event as noted earlier in chapter 11 is the mid-point of the
tribulation period occurring 3 ½ years into the seven-year
agreement. At this point, the Antichrist will proclaim he is
god, and demand the whole Earth to worship him. Israel rejects
his claim, and turns toward Jesus Christ as their Messiah. This
turn is the result of the ministry of the two witnesses, one
being Elijah and the other either Moses or Enoch.
5 Behold, I will
send you Elijah the prophet Before the coming of the great and
dreadful day of the Lord.
6 And he will
turn The hearts of the fathers to the children, And the hearts
of the children to their fathers, Lest I come and strike the
earth with a curse."
They according to Revelation 11:3,10, from Jerusalem
unleash God’s judgments on the world, turning the world against
them, causing the Antichrist to attack Jerusalem and silence
their work. The Antichrist stops sacrifice at the Temple, and
engages the two witnesses in what seems to be battle.
And if anyone
wants to harm them, fire proceeds from their mouth and devours
their enemies. And if anyone wants to harm them, he must be
killed in this manner.
Michael: The angel
Michael is reintroduced here, the first mention of him in the
bible occurred in Daniel chapter 10, where he helped the current
angel speaking with Daniel, resist the demonic, “Prince of
Persia” who tried to prevent Daniel from receiving this message.
We again see him, now intervening on Israel behalf
at the middle of tribulation period. Revelation 12, also
corresponds with events taking place on earth, revealing the
spiritual events in the heavenly realms. Michael and his angels
are finally permitted to engage Satan and his angels, who up to
this period, had access to Heaven to accuse God’s servants on
earth. At the mid-point this access ceases, and Satan and his
forces sent to earth where Satan will make his last stand in the
person of the Beast or Antichrist.
7 And war broke
out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon;
and the dragon and his angels fought,
8 but they did
not prevail, nor was a place found for them in heaven any
9 So the great
dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and
Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth,
and his angels were cast out with him.
10 Then I heard
a loud voice saying in heaven, "Now salvation, and strength, and
the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come,
for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God
day and night, has been cast down.
Upon being cast to Earth, Satan making his last and final stand before
the close of this age attempts to destroy Israel, hoping to
thwart God’s will.
Time of trouble: This is a
unique period, unlike any period in the history of the world.
The period is called the time of Jacob’s trouble (Jeremiah
30:6). At this moment, it seems like Israel is finally
destroyed and Satan, who now incarnates the Antichrist is
Never….since…nation: This period is
tied to the event known as the “Abomination of Desolation”.
Jesus specifically references Daniel, about this event at the
end of time. Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 167 years before Jesus,
desolated the Temple
as prophesied in (Daniel 8:12,11:31) by setting up an image in
Jesus 200 years later, reference a future Temple
desolation as a signal to flee the city of Jerusalem, as an unparalleled destruction is about to fall on the
14 "And this
gospel of the kingdom will be preached in all the world as a
witness to all the nations, and then the end will come.
15 "Therefore when you see the 'abomination of desolation,'
spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy
place" (whoever reads, let him understand), 16 "then let
those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
There are several important points to understand here, Jesus by
referencing Daniel affirms the book of Daniel as inspired.
Jesus also affirms the need for a Third Temple, by linking “The
end” with the abomination of desolation. Jesus tells us what
follows the Abomination of Desolation, is unique and unparalled
in humanity, from man’s creation until the end of time,
reiterating this period as the same being reference here in
24:21 "For then
there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the
beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.
unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but
for the elect's sake those days will be shortened.
People delivered: This is the final phase of Israel’s
humiliation in the eyes of the world, at this point Israel is on
its way for its full restoration and blessing in the Millennial
age. Obedient Israel,
will reject the Antichrist and his claims to self deification.
Every one found book: According to
Zechariah 13:9, 1/3 of Israel is saved and enters the Millennium
age of blessing. Those who flee Jerusalem through the mountain
valley of the Mt. Olives will survive the tribulation (Zechariah
finally understand, Jesus was the Messiah, he came and suffered
for the sins of humanity (Isaiah 52:13-53:12). When Israel cries
out to Jesus, he will return as promised, before he was
crucified, but not until Israel recognizes Him as their Messiah.
38 "See! Your
house is left to you desolate;
39 "for I say to
you, you shall see Me no more till you say, 'Blessed is He who
comes in the name of the Lord!' " Matthew 23:38-39
Christ returns with the armies of heaven (Revelation 19:11-17)
(Zechariah 12:10), to a repentant Israel who understands Jesus
the Messiah (Christ) is their only hope. At this point, Israel
is restored, and the Millennium is put in motion, starting with
the resurrection of the saints killed
2 And many of
those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to
everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt.
Many of those: What event
follows this horrendous period of judgment on the world? What
follows is a period of blessing and reward. Outside of the
Temple mount, on the Mount of Olives is a Jewish cemetery facing
the Temple. The hope those being buried there is the
resurrection, to see the Messiah at the resurrection when
Messiah kingdom is established.
Paul links Israel’s
national conversion, with the resurrection in the book of
15 For if their
being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their
acceptance be but life from the dead? Romans 11:15
The resurrection has two parts, a resurrection of the just and a
resurrection of the unjust. The timing of these two parts has
caused great debate and division. Who is resurrected? Moreover,
There are several view of the resurrection;
At the end of time there is one resurrection of the just and
unjust, known as the “General resurrection” a view held by
There are two distinct resurrections, the resurrection of the
saved, and the unsaved. The first resurrection takes place
before the Millennium and the second, of the unsaved, takes
place after the millennium. This view often held by
Under the Pre-millennial heading, there are three view of
when the rapture occurs, the first resurrection.
a. Pre-tribulation: The first resurrection takes place
in two phases, the first phase when the when the church is
raptured before the tribulation, and the second phase when the
saints killed during the tribulation are resurrected to rule and
reign with Christ for 1000-years. (I Thes 4;13, Revelation
20:4). In addition, many commentators view the Old Testament
saints, such as Daniel being part of the second phase of the
first resurrection, when the Jewish saints killed in the
tribulation are resurrected following the return of Messiah.
b. Mid-tribulation: The resurrection occurs at the
middle of the tribulation period, followed by second
resurrection at the end of the tribulation for saints killed
during the last half.
c.post-tribulation: Immediately after the tribulation
(Matthew 24:30), before Christ returns the saints are
resurrected to return with Christ and establish the Millennial
Everlasting life: Here we see a distinction between two groups of people, the
wicked and the wise. Both groups referred to earlier will be
resurrected, with different results. The wise will have
everlasting life serving the kingdom of
Messiah. The resurrection was event mentioned several times in
the Old Testament. (Job 19:25-27, Isaiah 26:19).
The distinction between the two phases and groups resurrected is not made
till later, upholding the principle of greater revelation built
on earlier revelations. Similar to the prophecy regarding
Messiah, the seed of the women (Gen. 3:15), greater revelation
is built on earlier revelation.
Jesus reinforces the dual nature of resurrection for the just and unjust.
28 "Do not
marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in
the graves will hear His voice
29 "and come
forth-those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and
those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.John 5:28-29
Everlasting contempt: In the book of Revelation, we are given a greater revelation
of God’s plan of resurrection. According to Revelation,
following a one-thousand year period of time, the Millennium,
all those not part of the first resurrection are resurrected to
give an account of their works, done in their body. They are
sent to the Lake of fire,
for the rest of eternity, apart from God, bearing their shame
Reward for the
3 Those who are
wise shall shine Like the brightness of the firmament, And those
who turn many to righteousness Like the stars forever and ever.
Those who are wise: Daniel brings hopes to those in tribulation with the promise
of reward for the righteous. Daniel, going back to Antiochus
IV, separates humanity into two groups, the wise and the
wicked. The wicked are not aware of what awaits, them the wise
are and will be rewarded for a faithful life in spite of death
and suffering in this life at the hands of the wicked.
Turn many to righteousness: All who the
saved, resurrected following the return of Christ will be part
of His Millennial Kingdom. However, there will be degrees of
reward based on faithfulness of the life lived in the body.
Those who were obedient will be given a greater responsibility
in the Millennium. The parable of the talents and mina, Matthew
25:14-30 and Luke 19:11-27 are directly related to the
Millennium. Jesus in Luke, refers to the servant who took his
masters 5 mina and made another 5 mina. The master, who went to
claim a kingdom, give the responsible servant charge of 10
cities based on his service in his absence.
Stars: Just as there
are earthly stars, their will be heavenly stars. Those who
serve faithfully and turn many to righteousness will be the
stars of God’s kingdom. Shining out, in contrast to others for
the rest of eternity.
of the Revelation
4 "But you,
Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of
the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall
Shut up the words: The angel now
instructs Daniel, stop the book, the book of Daniel is intended
for an end time audience. The book would closed to
understanding until the time of the end.
Today, as Israel
is restored and the world is in conflict around Jerusalem,
the words of Daniel become clear. The seal of understand the
words are being removed as we approach the events talked about
by the prophet Daniel.
Many: Some this man who run as the prophecy about the increase in
transportation in the end, the speed of transit, running here
and there. Others view this as man’s quest for understanding,
searching here and there.
Knowledge: There are two views of this prophecy as referring to general
knowledge or prophetic knowledge. The Hebrew word, t[dDa`ath
is translated knowledge, perception, skill. Human knowledge has
increased, only to cause man to turn from God and make himself
an idol. This human idolatry is ultimately realized in the
Antichrist, who exalts himself.
How long until
5 Then I,
Daniel, looked; and there stood two others, one on this
riverbank and the other on that riverbank.
6 And one said
to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the
river, "How long shall the fulfillment of these wonders be?"
7 Then I heard
the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river,
when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and
swore by Him who lives forever, that it shall be for a time,
times, and half a time; and when the power of the holy people
has been completely shattered, all these things shall be
8 Although I
heard, I did not understand. Then I said, "My lord, what shall
be the end of these things?"
Stood two others: Again, we are back to the scene in Chapter 10, Daniel is by
the river Tigress, with two additional angels. At this point
there are either 3 to 4 individuals in addition to Daniel. The
message just received, Daniel 11:1 to 12;3 was given to Daniel
by the angel who along with Michael resisted the “Prince of
Daniel now is alerted to two additional angels, on both sides of the
river. They themselves, are perplexed by the prophecy just
delivered to Daniel.
One said: one of the two, asked the “Man clothed in linen”, he
is the one first seen by Daniel at the start of chapter 10,
which caused Daniel to fall, face first into a deep sleep (Dan.
10:5,6). This is more then likely a Christophany, an appearance
of Christ in the Old Testament.
How long: The angels ask the question, which shed light on the timing
of the events of this prophecy and its fulfillment. Here we are
given specific timing of events which corresponds to events
leading to the completion of the time determined on Daniel’s
people and city (Daniel 9:24-27).
Time, times and half a time: The “Man
clothed in linen” responds, with the phrase used in Daniel 7:25
and Revelation 12:14, meaning; time: one year times:
two years half a time: ½ year. This equals 3 ½ years.
This corresponds to the second half of the tribulation period,
42 months or 1260 days. The man is telling the two angels, at
the conclusion of the 3 ½ years, when Israel’s
own power is completely shattered prophecy will be
Only after Israel’s
own power is shattered will they rely on God’s power, and the
work of the Messiah who was rejected by the nation, and awaits
their acceptance (Matthew 23:38-39)
I did not understand: The understand of this prophecy was sealed to Daniel
for the time. At this time the Temple was not
even rebuilt from the Babylonian destruction in 586 B.C. The
Temple and the city of Jerusalem needed to be rebuilt and
destroyed again. Israel
would then be scattered over a period of time, then the Temple
would need to be rebuilt again.
Today, we understand how all these events fit into God’s plan. Even a
hundred years ago, much of what we understand about Daniel is
now becoming more clear.
Explanation of the angel
9 And he said,
"Go your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed
till the time of the end.
10 "Many shall
be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do
wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise
11 "And from the
time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination
of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred
and ninety days.
12 "Blessed is
he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and
13 "But you, go
your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to
your inheritance at the end of the days."
Closed up and sealed: Daniel,
instructed to depart, by the “Man clothed in linen”, lets Daniel
understand the message is not for him to completely understand
now. The message is for an end times audience.
Till the time: This message of
Daniel will be understood in the time of end. For this reason,
Daniel is hard to understand for those who are not at the time
of end. Again, only after Israel was restored, fulfilling end
time prophecy, and the movement for rebuilding the Temple do we
see how the events fit into the End time events.
Daniel is an end times book for an end times audience. The words in
Daniel apply to all generations, but its complete understand
will be left to the time of the end.
Many purified: The purpose of this process in time is to distinguish between
two groups of people, the wicked and the righteous. The process
of life and tribulation, polishes the righteous who understand,
while the same time the wicked are exposed and don’t understand.
Wise shall: Understanding Daniel, and living righteously is a sign of
wisdom, as opposed to wickedness. The wicked are not aware of
their judgment until its too late, the righteous are purified in
the process of life.
Time …daily sacrifice: The start of the second half of the tribulation begins
with the stopping of the sacrifice by the Antichrist. After he
confronts the two witnesses in Jerusalem, the
sacrifice is stopped. A battle ensues over the next 30 days,
where the resurrected Antichrist, now incarnated by Satan, kills
the two witnesses and constructs an image in the Temple of
He declares himself god and demands worship, by those on Earth.
3 Let no one
deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the
falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the
son of perdition,
4 who opposes
and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is
worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.
2 Thess. 2:3-4
Abomination of desolation: Like his
predecessor, Antiochus IV Epiphenes, the Antichrist will also
desolate the third Temple. An image of him will be set up, and
all will be demanded to worship this image. Communist systems,
are great example of the natural progression of atheism. The
same system which disavow the worship of God, replace God
worship with man worship. Lenin, for example was kept in a
refrigerated coffin, so countless generations to come could look
on his dead body. Huge statues and images of leaders are
constructed, the worship of God is replaced by the worship of
This is ultimately manifest in the end times, as the final world leader
makes himself the focus of all religious attention.
1290 days: The 1260 days
of the 2nd half of the tribulation, plus 30 days of
the first half of the tribulation equal 1290 days. The
mid-point begins with the stopping of sacrifice and construction
of an image the Temple. This period takes 30 days, followed by
the 2nd half of Daniel’s 70th week, 1260
days, 3 ½ years, 42 months or a “Time, Times and ½ a Time” is
Blessed is he comes: When Christ returns, he will judge the nations. All the
wicked will not die at Armageddon. However, most of those on
the earth at the start of the tribulation period, die in the
tribulation a certain percentage, survive the tribulation and
are alive when Christ returns.
The determination of who enters the Millennium from those who survive the
tribulation is seen in the judgment of the ‘Goats and Sheep’
31 "When the Son
of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him,
then He will sit on the throne of His glory. 32 "All the
nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them
one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the
goats. 33 "And He will set the sheep on His right hand, but the
goats on the left.
34 "Then the
King will say to those on His right hand, 'Come, you blessed of
My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the
foundation of the world:
Only the sheep will enter the Millennium, the just survivors on the
earth. They along with the remnant of Israel
preserved by God will repopulate the Earth. The saints, Old
Testament and New Testament will rule and administer the Kingdom
of Messiah. For example the Disciples will rule and judge Israel
in the Millennium as the nation becomes the chief nation on
28 So Jesus said
to them, "Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when
the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have
followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve
tribes of Israel. Matthew 19:28
For someone who survives the Tribulation period where most on the earth
die, and then is found just enough to enter the Millennium the
will be blessed.
1335 days: The transition
from the old order to the new order will take 45 days. During
this period several events will take place.
Ø The angels will be judged. ( I Corinthians 6:3,
Ø The survivors will be judged (Matthew 25:31-46)
Ø Assignments for the saints will set in motion
12:13, Jeremiah 30:9, Matthew 19:28)
Ø Nations, property and laws will be established for
the next 1000 years (Zechariah 14:17-21)
you shall rest: Daniel will
die, but his death is only temporary. He is promised
resurrection and inheritance in the kingdom to come.
your inheritance: Daniel will receive his reward and established in the coming
end of days: the final days of the world as we know it. Leading to thekingdom
of Messiah, where Daniel will rule as judge along with the New
and Old Testament saints.