the close of the 20th chapter, the lost are eternally separated
from God’s presence. The saints, Old & New Testament, Tribulation and
Millennium are in the eternal city, The New Jerusalem.
Chapters 21 & 22, mark the beginning of new phase of the
redeemed. From the fall of Adam to the completion of the Millennium, the
lost and redeemed lived together on the earth. At death, the lost and
redeemed are separated.
Great White Throne, the lost are eternally judged, and separated from the
redeemed in the lake of fire. Following the Great White Throne, the
redeemed are presented with their eternal dwellings.
these final two chapters, John gives the redeemed an eyewitness account of
their future eternal dwellings. In Chapter 21, John describes an immense
walled city in the shape of a cube, the New Jerusalem, the home of the
saints of all ages, from the time of Adam until the close of the
Millennium. Inside the city, God Himself will dwell for the rest of
eternity, with the redeemed.
Things Made New
1Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first
heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea.
2Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming
down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
3And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, “Behold, the
tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall
be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God. 4And
God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death,
nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things
have passed away.”5Then He who sat on the throne said, “Behold, I make all
things new.” And He said to me, “Write, for these words are true
and faithful.”6And He said to me, “It is done! I am the
Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give of the fountain
of the water of life freely to him who thirsts. 7He who overcomes
shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be
My son. 8But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable,
murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have
their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the
second death.” Revelation 21:1-8
Heaven and a new earth….At the beginning of the Great White Throne Judgment (Revelation
20:11) The heavens and
earth fled away, and no place was found for them. The earth as it now
stands, in scriptures is temporary. The world is a testing ground to
separate the redeemed from the lost. New Heavens and Earth replace the
temporary world. (Isaiah 65:17,66:22, 2 Peter 3:10-12). Jesus spoke of
this passing in the Gospels (Matthew 5:18, 24:34, Mark 13:31, Luke 21:33)
35Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words
will by no means pass away. Matthew 24:35
The current earth is in transition until the New Heavens and Earth,
for the redeemed is created. The principle of entropy, the dissipation of
energy to a lower form, shows the current world is moving in downward state,
from order to disorder, from its original creation.
This transition takes place between Old and the New takes place
between the events of Revelation
John now sees this New Heavens and Earth in the first
verse of chapter 21. This New Heaven and Earth will be eternal. The law of
entropy is cancelled. Will there be mountains, forests, animals and things
we are familiar with today? We can only be sure of this, that what is
coming is far superior to the present. God is giving us a sneak preview
through the eyes of John.
as it is written: “Eye has not seen, nor ear heard,
Nor have entered into the
heart of manThe
God has prepared for those who love Him.” I Corinthians 2:9
During the millennium, the population of the earth will explode. Where will
people live? The world today is 2/3 covered by the oceans, and another 1/5
by uninhabitable terrain. In the millennium the deserts will bloom and the
oceans could very well be scaled back to reveal more habitable land. In
Noah’s day, before the flood, the great deep was broken, and waters covered
the earth’s surface indicating the oceans did not always reach their current
levels. (Genesis 7:11)
On the New Earth, John points out there are no oceans. We can
only speculate why this is the case. We are only given a glimpse, of what is
this New Earth, there will be a capital city, The New Jerusalem. In the
Millennium, the capital city of the earth was
Jerusalem was the city where the saints dwell during the 1000-year, reign of
Christ. Isaiah indicates the New Jerusalem will be present in the
Millennium but only accessible to the saints.
2 Now it shall come to pass in the latter days
That the mountain of the LORD’S house Shall be
established on the top of the mountains, And shall be exalted above the
hills;And all nations shall flow to it.
Following the creation of the New Earth, John sees New Jerusalem descending
from Heaven to the New Earth. New Jerusalem is the dwelling place of the
saints. Jesus prepared this dwelling place for those who trust Him.
My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not
so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for
you. 3And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come
again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be
also. 4And where I go you know, and the way you know.” John
Here the saints of all ages will dwell with God and the Lamb in
their eternal resurrected bodies. With New Jerusalem as home, the saints
and angels will have the rest of eternity to enjoy and explore the creation
of the New Heavens and Earth. What God has planned is beyond our
The city as a bride can be understood in the context of those who occupy
it. The city contains the saints from all ages. The bride of Christ is
the redeemed. In Revelation, 19:7 we saw the Wedding of the Lamb take place
prior to the Millennium. This city not only includes those at the initial
wedding but also the redeemed of the Millennium, saved by their faith in the
King, Jesus Christ. Following Satan’s rebellion at the end of the 1000
years, the redeemed who were born and lived in the millennium receive
eternal bodies for New Jerusalem. With the redemption of man complete, New
Jerusalem enters the New Earth having the redeemed from all time within its
Loud voice from heaven….
John is now on the New Earth witnessing the descent of New Jerusalem out of
Heaven. A voice from declares to John, the meaning of what he is seeing, New
Jerusalem is not only the house of redeemed man but God Himself will live in
the same city.
voice calls it Tabernacle of God or God’s house. The term Tabernacle is
referenced in the scripture, in the Old and New testaments.
tabernacle of God (Gr.
skeônooô … to fix
one’s tabernacle, have one’s tabernacle, abide (or live) in a tabernacle (or
tent), tabernacle) This same word used in John 1:14 describing the
incarnation of God dwelling in human flesh being in the presence of man.
the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory
as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. John 1:14
Jerusalem is the fulfillment of its foreshadowing going back to the
tabernacle in the exodus journey. The tabernacle and later the Temple is
where the presence of God, the “Glory of the Lord” would appear to be in the
presence of Israel. During the Millennium, Christ will be King over
dwelling in a Millennial Temple.
Tabernacle and Temple
are pictures of New Jerusalem, which will one day be the home of the
redeemed saints living in the presence of God.
will dwell with them…God
Himself will dwell with the redeemed. Man will have a personal relationship
with his creator. Unlike the Tabernacle in the wilderness of Sinai where
only the High Priest could approach the Holy of Holies once a year, here
those redeemed by the blood of Christ will have direct personal access to
Tears follow from sorrow. Because of the fall in the garden, sorrow and
tears followed man (Gen 3:17-19). Jesus came to suffer for the sins of man.
Before he died on a cross he had tears of blood(Luke 22:44). Tears typified
the sorrow of man thru the ages. In addition, following this transition from
Old to New their might be sorrow for what the lost have missed.
is complete and death will no longer exist. The second death, (Revelation
20:14) is the last death when the lost are cast to the
Lake of fire.
The redeemed will never again face death. (I Corinthians 15:50-56)
Former things ….
Not only is death eliminated, but also crying, sorrow and pain. These
emotions are the former things.
Jesus communicates to John a message for his church from the Throne of God.
All things are new, the New Heavens, Earth and Jerusalem from this point on
the eternal state begins. There will be no aging or decay for the rest of
Alpha and Omega….
These are the first and
last letters of the Greek alphabet. The one sitting on the Throne calls
himself the A to Z. Jesus is the totality of existence and reality. The term
Alpha and Omega is used 4 times in Revelation (1:8,11,21:6,22:13). Jesus’
identity as God in the flesh is clear by the name Alpha and Omega. Just in
case someone did not understand this meaning two other terms are used; “The
First and the Last” (Rev 1:11, 17, 2:8, 22:13) and “Beginning and the End”
(Rev 1:8, 21:6, 22:13) This same terminology is used to refer to God in the Old
“Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the LORD of
‘I am the First and I am the Last;
Besides Me there is no God.
of life freely…..
Water is necessary for
life; we are made of 70% water. The picture of water as is a spiritual
metaphor used throughout scripture. Jesus talking to the women at the well
answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who
says to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have
given you living water.” John 4:10
During the Millennium, water will flow out of the
Temple on Mt.
Moriah and will flow east toward the
Dead Sea. The
healed will become alive. The water is a picture of both physical and
spiritual life flowing from the Throne of God.
1Then he brought me back to the door of the temple; and
there was water, flowing from under the threshold of the temple toward the
east, for the front of the temple faced east; the water was flowing from
under the right side of the temple, south of the altar. 7When I
returned, there, along the bank of the river, were very many trees on
one side and the other. 8Then he said to me: “This water flows
toward the eastern region, goes down into the valley, and enters the sea.
When it reaches the sea, its waters are healed. Ezekiel 47:1,7
the Samarian Women, this water of eternal life is promised freely to those
who thirst. The women at the well was thirsty for more then water.
Shall inherit all things…
Sonship (Being a child of God) promised to all who are thirsty, and quench
their thirst with Christ. Being a child of God, we can partake in the
inheritance of Christ.
Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,
17and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and joint heirs
with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him, that we may also be
I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be
compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. Romans 8:17-18
12 Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great,
And He shall divide the spoil with the strong,
Because He poured out His soul unto death,
And He was numbered with the transgressors,
And He bore the sin of many,
And made intercession
for the transgressors.
concept of being joint-heirs with Christ is beyond our understanding. John
gives a sneak preview of the glorious relationship between man and God for
the rest of eternity. (James 2:5, Titus 3:7, Ephesians 3:6, Galatians
3:29). Jesus declares, we shall, “inherit all things”.
Their part in the lake …Our
eternal state, contrasted with those who reject the Gospel.
are many reasons people reject the Gospel listed here are eight particular
reasons people will inherit the lake of fire.
Cowardly ( those who
fear man rather then God)
unbelieving,( Those who
reject the Gospel)
abominable, (Those who
are abhorrent, disgusting)
murderers, (Those who
(Those who commit sexual sin, (Gr.
sorcerers, (Those who
use drugs for mind altering, magical experiences ( Gr.
idolaters, (Those who
serve an image (Gr.
all liars (Those who
who reject the gospel, and sinners in general who are not redeemed will each
have to give an account of their sin. All sinners without Christ fall into
these categories. It can be one lie or a million murders, Christ is the only
hope of redemption.
one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last
plagues came to me and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will
show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.” 10And he
carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me
the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven
from God, 11having the glory of God. Her light was like a most
precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal. 12Also she
had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates,
and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the
children of Israel: 13three gates on the east, three gates on the
north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west.
the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names
of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. 15And he who talked with me
had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. 16The
city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he
measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length,
breadth, and height are equal. 17Then he measured its wall: one
hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is,
of an angel. 18The construction of its wall was of jasper; and
the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19The foundations of
the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the
first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the
fourth emerald, 20the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the
seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase,
the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. 21The twelve
gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the
street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.
of the seven angels…
John sees New Jerusalem from a distance. One of the seven angles, who poured
out the bowls of wrath, takes him closer to the city. John, as a reporter,
records and describes what he sees. This may be the same angel in the 17th
chapter (Rev 17:1)
bride, the Lamb’s wife…The
city is the bride because in its wall are the redeemed.
glory of God…
The term “Glory of God” or “Glory of the Lord” is a term used throughout the
Old Testament to identify the personal presence of God. The best example is
the book of Ezekiel, where the prophet Ezekiel like John, taken in the
Spirit, sees “Glory of the Lord”, in human form. This theophany is Jesus
before his incarnation.
(Ezekiel 1:28,3:12,23,10:4,18,11:23, 43:4,5,44:4)
He brought me by way of the north gate to the front of the temple; so I
looked, and behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD; and
I fell on my face. 5And the LORD said to me, “Son of man, mark
well, see with your eyes and hear with your ears, all that I say to you
concerning all the ordinances of the house of the LORD and all its laws.
light from the Glory of God illuminated, New Jerusalem as the city descended
light that proceeded from the city was like the reflection of Crystal. John
describes New Jerusalem for its future occupants.
great and high wall with twelve gates….
The height of the wall is equal to the length being 12,000
furlongs (1380 miles). On each wall, there are three gates, totaling 12
gates around the city. At each gate is an angel, the name of one of the 12
tribes of Israel is
written on the gate. In the wilderness,
assembled according to tribes, Judah, Issachar and Zebulon were camped to
the east (Numbers 2:1-9). Ephraim, Manasseh and Benjamin were on the west
(Numbers 2:18-24) Dan, Asher and Naphtali on the north (Numbers 2:25-31)
, Reuben, Simeon and Gad on the south (Numbers 2:10-16) with the Levites
around the tabernacle.
the Millennial Jerusalem, the gates of Jerusalem are also named after the 12
tribes of Israel,
in a different order then those around the tabernacle. (Ezekiel
48:31-34).The gates named after the tribes of Israel has illustrates a
couple of points.
There is only one way to God and its thru the covenant established with
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
city will include Old Testament saints.
Jerusalem, is where the saints from Adam till the end of the Millennium are
of the city had twelve foundations… The foundation walls have the names of the 12 apostles. Here
we see the city of the redeemed is thru the covenant established with
Abraham, built on the foundation of the rejected, suffering Messiah.
city is laid out as a square….
The tabernacle and the
Temple were both
rectangles, here the city is square. Within the Tabernacle were several
distinct areas, one area known as the Most Holy, where the Arc of the
Covenant was located was a 15 cubit square room with the Arc at the center
of the room. This is a foreshadowing of New Jerusalem, with the “Arc of the
Covenant” being a foreshadowing of God’s throne in heaven.
twelve thousand furlongs…
Stadia is the Greek word
which is equal to 600 feet or 607 English feet. Twelve thousand furlongs is
1380 miles in length. If the city were place over the United States, it
would measure the distance from the top of
to the bottom of Florida State extending west from New York State to
Montana. The wall height would also extend 1380 miles into sky. If you
could imagine a building 1000 feet tall, the height of the walls of New
Jerusalem would equal to 7286 building stacked end to end, extending for
1,904,000 square miles.
Morris estimates (Speculates) that if there were 20 billion saved in New
Jerusalem because gravity will not be an issue each person would have the
space of 75 cubic acres, allowing 25% of the space streets, parks and public
its wall… The
thickness of the wall was 144 cubits or 216 feet thick. Jasper was a
translucent stone capable of many colors. (Exodus 28:20, 39:13, Ezekiel
28:13, Revelation 4:3)
material used in construction of the city is flawless gold, its streets and
articles used in
worship were made of gold. What is highly valued in this world is a common
building material in New Jerusalem.
foundations of the wall…
Twelve stones garnish the foundation walls of the city. A collection of
twelve stones is in the ephod of the high-priest, with one stone
representing each of the 12 tribes. ( Exodus 28:17-20) Also twelve stones
including gold are mentioned in Ezekiel 28:13. Six stones shared in all
There are 12 gates, 3 gates on each side. Each gate is made of a pearl. If
the gates are placed apart equally, each gate would be 460 miles.
Glory of the New Jerusalem
I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its
temple. 23The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine
in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb
is its light. 24And the nations of those who are
saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory
and honor into it. 25Its gates shall not be shut at
all by day (there shall be no night there). 26And they shall
bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it. 27But
there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or
causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s
Book of Life. Revelation 21:21-7
Jerusalem, was the Temple so there was no part of it that was not holy.
Glory of God…God,
Himself dwells in the city and is the one who illuminates the city.
the visible manifestation of God. (Hebrews 1:1-3)
3who being the brightness of His glory and the
express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His
power Hebrews 1:3
gates shall not be shut….Only
those who are saved have access to the city. Nations translated gentiles
elsewhere in the scripture are included. The city will contain all the
saved of humanity, both those of Jewish and Non-Jewish descent.
Lamb’s book of life…The
only way to be part of this city is thru the blood of the Lamb.