Introduction to Chapter 20
19th chapter ends with the victory of the armies of Heaven over
the armies of the earth. Christ returns with the saints and angels,
establishing the Messianic Kingdom. The Antichrist and False Prophet have
been cast into the Lake of Fire, the armies of the kings of the earth have
been completely destroyed, with their bodies eaten by the birds and their
souls sent to Hades. The kingdom of Messiah is victorious, as the
resurrected saints become rulers over the earth. Then the nations stand
before Jesus Christ, King of the Earth and survivors of the tribulation
stand before the throne of Christ, to determine who enters the Millennium.
binds Satan to the bottomless pit for 1000-years. Satan is unable to
influence the world during this period. During this millennium
(1000-years), the population of the earth is replenished and multiplies as
the saved survivors repopulate the earth, to an innumerable host. During
the Millennium, the earth is at peace, and the knowledge of God is
throughout the earth as waters cover the sea. The saints, rewarded for
faithful service, administer the growing population of the earth. Old
Testament, New Testament and Tribulation saints receive authority over the
kingdom’s of the earth.
After 1000 years, Satan
released from his prison, tests the nations, of the repopulated earth.
Satan inspires those born in the Millennium, to gather in rebellion against
Jerusalem. This is his final attempt to thwart God’s plan. Fire from heaven
falls on the rebels attacking Jerusalem and Satan is cast into the Lake of
Fire, receiving torment for eternity with the Antichrist and False Prophet.
Then all of lost humanity in Hades is resurrected, they kneel before the
“Great White Throne” and are judged by their works.
From Armageddon to the Start of the
Following the return of
Christ, several events happen. The nations stand in judgment, and the
survivors of the earth brought before Christ’s throne to determine who will
enter His kingdom. The righteous will enter the millennium. The wicked go
to hell to await judgment.
the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the
angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. 32All
the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from
another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. 33And
He will set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left.
purification of the earth will take approximately 45 days according to
Daniel 12:11-12. Those who survive the tribulation and enter the kingdom
are blessed. They will repopulate the earth. How many this could be is
strictly speculation. Zechariah tells us 1/3 of Israel will enter the
Millennium this will include those protected for 1260 days (Revelation 12:6)
in the wilderness.
from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the
abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two
hundred and ninety days. 12Blessed is he who waits, and
comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days. 13“But
you, go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to
your inheritance at the end of the days.” Daniel 12:11-13
I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit
and a great chain in his hand. 2He laid hold of the dragon, that
serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand
years; 3and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up,
and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till
the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released
for a little while. Revelation
Then I saw…John
is eyewitness, “I saw” is used over 30 times in the book of Revelation.
This follows the events taking place in Revelation 19, specifically the
return of Christ as victorious king over the Earth. John sees an angel who
comes to the Earth from Heaven this could be Michael, or the mighty angel in
Revelation chapter 10.
Key to the Bottomless
that is, (specifically), (infernal) “abyss”:—deep,)
The bottomless pit or
“Abyss” is referred to in Romans 10:7 as the abode of the dead. The abyss is
referred to seven times in the book of Revelation. In Revelation, 9:1 “star
falling” released the demon locusts from the abyss, stinging mankind for 5
months. Revelation 17:7-8 mentions the Beast ascending out of the pit,
referring either to the death of the Antichrist at the Midpoint of the
tribulation, who then is incarnated by Satan. (Revelation 12:9) This could
also refer to the future release of Satan after his imprisonment in the
abyss, Revelation 20:7.
chain in this angels hand is restrainer. We see a similar chain referred
to in 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6.
if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to
hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for
judgment; 2 Peter 2:4
The hell referred to in
2 Peter 2:4 is the only reference to “tarturus”, a separate compartment of
hell. The fallen angels probably referred to in Genesis 6:2, occupy this
compartment . According to Isaiah 14:16, Satan is sent to the abode of the
dead, who see him in his weakened state.
He laid hold…
The body of the Antichrist was the dwelling place of Satan during the second
half of the tribulation. Now with Antichrist and the False prophet cast
into the Lake of Fire, Satan is now about to be judged. Satan is weakened
and no longer the dominate force he was prior to his expulsion from Heaven.
(Rev 12:9) This angel is able to take the weakened Satan and bind him with
the great chain. The chain restrains his power in the same way the chains
restrain the angels in two Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6.
John identifies the
person wrapped in the great chain by four names, Serpent, Dragon, Devil and
Satan. Satan is a personal, real being according to scripture. Then names
used for Lucifer in the Old Testament are primarily Satan and Serpent. In
the New Testament, all four names are used but “Dragon” is only in
Revelation. The word Satan means adversary, while Devil means accuser.
Serpent is the animal first used by Lucifer to tempt Adam and Eve in the
physical realm. The Dragon is visual picture used to portray the Kingdom
that Lucifer will personally take charge of in the second half of the
A thousand years…
The great chain subdues Lucifer for 1000 years. This is the first mention
of a specific 1000 years. This leads to a controversial teaching known as
the Millennium, (Lat…“Mille” meaning thousand and “annum”
meaning year). The literal teaching here is that Satan is bound for 1000
years by a great chain in the abyss. However, the question many raise is
this a literal or symbolic teaching. There are three major positions
regarding this 1000-year period.
A literal thousand
.A-millennial is the belief there is no (A) 1000-year “Literal” reign of
Christ on Earth. Those who hold to this viewpoint see prophecy and
Revelation in more of a symbolic light. They see the 1000-year period as
symbolic of eternity. The Kingdom of God is strictly spiritual and
heavenly. Augustine (354-430 AD), seen by many as the one who made this
view popular in his book, “The City of God”, saw conflict between Satan’s
kingdom and God’s kingdom. He saw God’s kingdom, the church, being
victorious over Satan. Those who hold this position argue the following
Two Peter 3:8 is
shows 1000 years is seen as one day with the Lord and therefore not literal.
The promises of
the Kingdom to Israel are fulfilled through Christ and His church.
other church fathers saw the millennium as symbolic for the eventual victory
of the church over evil.
Calvin & Martin
Luther the early leaders of the reformation viewed the Millennium as
Satan was bound
by Christ’s victory over him at Calvary. (Luke 10:18)
This is the only
place in scripture a 1000 year period is mentioned.
Christ returns to
judge all men with a general resurrection.
The Book of
Revelation was about events that happened before 70 AD.
The book of
Revelation filled with symbolism; is weak document for doctrine.
The creeds of the
early church make no mention of the millennium.
resurrection relates to the Christian soul taken to Heaven at death.
The Battle of Gog
& Magog is the same as that refer to in Ezekiel 38-39.
The Second Coming
is the termination of history, not the beginning of a completely new phase.
This is clear from 1 Cor.15: 23-28.
position holds that the Glorious return of Christ follows the Millennium.
Daniel Whitby (1638-1726) a Unitarian controversialist popularized this
viewpoint. Mankind, becomes Christianized during a “Millennial” period, and
then Christ returns. The 1000 years largely viewed as a literal thousand
years, where the world would become a “Society of saints”. Christ invited,
would take control over man’s peaceful planet. After WWI and WWII, this
“They shall beat
their swords into plowshares” (Micah 4:3, Isaiah 4:2), a scripture in the
front of UN headquarters is seen as move in this direction.
pre-millennial interpreters consider the second advent of Christ preceding a
millennial kingdom on earth. During the 1000 year reign of Christ all the
covenant promises made to Israel are fulfilled, Israel becomes chief nation
on the earth. Revelation, literally fulfilled by chapters 6 thru 19 cover a
7-year tribulation period ending with the return of Christ. This view is
the oldest view, held, be the early church and church fathers.
Those who hold this view
would argue the following points.
mean what they say, and be read literally.
God made promises
to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the 12 tribes of Israel. These promises are not
expected an earthly kingdom of God. (Acts 1:6)
The promises made
in the scripture could only be fulfilled in a literal earthly kingdom.
Early Church fathers
held this position in 1st , 2nd and 3rd
a. Theologians who
held it during the first century a.d.
(1) Clement of
Rome—40 to 100.
b. Theologians who
held it during the second century a.d.
c. Theologians who
held it during the third century a.d.
“Thousand years” repeated 6 times in the 20th chapter, reinforces
its literal meaning.
Peace in the
world is unattainable without Christ.
cast into the abyss is described in the book of Isaiah, chapter 14.
Satan, called the king
of Babylon, fulfills this description, by ruling rebuilt Babylon. Satan
incarnates the body of the Beast.
you will take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say:
"How the oppressor has cease
city ceased!9 “Hell from beneath is excited about you, To
meet you at your coming
It stirs up the dead for you, All the chief ones of the earth
It has raised up from their throne All the kings of the nations.10
They all shall speak and say to you
‘Have you also become as weak as we?
Have you become like us? Isaiah 14:4,9-10
Satan is view by the
occupants of “Sheol” or Hell as weak and without power as before. This is a
picture of counterpart to Revelation 20:3 picturing his being cast from the
surface. Isaiah picks up where Revelation stops.
Shut him up…The
Amillennialist position, Satan was bound at the cross is not confirmed in
scripture. In Luke 10:18, Jesus sees Satan falling like lighting from
Heaven. Jesus is referring to eventual fall of Satan and his kingdom with
the advance of Christ’s kingdom, the victory of the saints over the kingdom
Satan’s activity and
work continued before and after the cross.
Satan entered Judas to betray Christ (Luke 22:3)
Satan wanted to sift Peter like wheat. (Luke 22:31).
Satan filled the heart of Ananais to lie to the Holy Spirit. (Acts
Satan’s being crushed is viewed in Romans 16:20 as a future event.
He is called, “the god of this age”, (2 Corinthians 4:4), who is currently
blinding those who do not see the gospel.
Lucifer has the ability to transform himself into an angel of light to
deceive those on the earth. (2 Corinthians 11:14).
He is a ruler over kingdoms of darkness, waging war against the saints.
Satan’s activity in the
world will stop after he is bound. The earth will be at peace and in
harmony without Satan deceiving its inhabitants.
Deceive the nations….
Much of the evil in the world is the result of satanic deception of the
nations. The leaders and citizenry are in a lost state because Satan has
blinded the eyes of the lost.
Till the thousand
great chain in the abyss binds Satan for 1000 years. These thousand years
will restore earth to its pre-fallen state. The earth will flourish;
creation and mankind are restored.
the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of
the sons of God. 20For the creation was subjected to futility,
not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it in hope; 21because
the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of corruption
into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22For we know
that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs together until
now. Romans 8:19-22
He must be released…Satan
is released to test the untested of the nations. The earth will flourish
for the 1000-year period. Those who survive tribulation and enter the
Messianic kingdom will repopulate the earth. The earth population will
explode as war, disease, famine, pestilence are eliminated. Those born in
the millennium are not tested. To reveal their true character, Satan will be
unleashed to test those born on the earth.
The Saints Reigning
I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them.
Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to
Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image,
and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they
lived and reigned with Christ for
I saw thrones…
thronos a stately seat (“throne”); by implication power
or (concretely) a potentate:—seat, throne.) These are thrones of
authority and rule.
Judgment was committed..
Who sits on these thrones? In addition, whom do they rule? Scriptures in
both testaments give us the answer. Three distinct groups will sit on these
thrones; Old Testament saints, New Testament saints, and Tribulation saints
will rule and reign with Christ during the Millennium. They will sit on the
thrones mentioned in this verse and rule over a repopulated earth. If the
population of the earth when the tribulation begins is 10 billion, according
to the book of Revelation at least 47% will die in the first 3 ½ years. In
addition, in the second half a substantial amount of those left will join
the kingdom of the Beast, be killed as martyrs or die from the bowl
judgments. If 1% survive after the judgment of the “Sheep and Goats”
(Matthew (25:31-46) then 100 million would enter the Millennium. If the
population of the earth doubled every 50 years in 1000 years there would be
over 38 trillion people, that’s is 38,000 Billion. We know that 1/3 of
Israel will enter the Millennium. (Zechariah 13:9)
Old Testament saints;
But they shall serve the LORD their God, And David their king Whom I will
raise up for them. , Jeremiah 30:9
execute vengeance on the nations, And punishments on the peoples;8
To bind their kings with chains, And their nobles with fetters of iron;9
To execute on them the written judgment
This honor have all His saints. Praise the LORD! Psalm 149:7-9
New Testament saints
Jesus said to them, “Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when
the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me
will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
Matthew 19:2817And he said to him, ‘Well done, good
servant; because you were faithful in a very little, have authority over ten
cities.’ 18And the second came, saying, ‘Master, your mina has
earned five minas.’
19Likewise he said to him, ‘You also be over five cities.’ Luke
the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom, and possess the
kingdom forever, even forever and ever. 22until the Ancient of
Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most
High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom.27
Then the kingdom and dominion And the greatness of the kingdoms under the
whole heaven, Shall be given to the people, the saints of the Most High, His
kingdom is an everlasting kingdom,
And all dominions shall serve and obey Him.’
Here Daniel writes about
saints who will live during the tribulation period how will receive the
kingdom. In Revelation chapter 5 the saints rejoice with a new song.
Kings, priests and reigning on the earth are part of this song. These are
Old Testament and New Testament saints who will reign with Christ.
“You are worthy to take
the scroll, And to open its seal; For You were slain,
And have redeemed us to God by Your blood, Out of every tribe and tongue and
people and nation,10 And have made
and priests to our God; And
shall reign on the earth.” Revelation 5:9-10
Those who die during the
tribulation, those who missed the rapture can also look forward to reigning
with Christ. God’s mercy and love is demonstrated by his extending the
blessing to those who arrived at the last moment, through the tribulation.
This in fact is the destiny of the redeemed going
These souls specifically mentioned are tribulations saints from the 2nd
half of the tribulation. They are martyred for they faith in Christ and
their refusal to worship in they satanic system.
message is to those who will go through the tribulation. Faced with the
choice of worshiping the beast and living or rejecting the beast and dying,
those in fear of their future will be encouraged by this message. Death
means eternal life with Christ. Life means eternal damnation.
Reigned with Christ….The
tribulation saints will rule in the Millennial earth along with the Old and
New Testament saints.
The First Resurrection
5But the rest
of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished. This
is the first resurrection. 6Blessed and holy is he who has part
in the first resurrection. Over such the second death has no power, but they
shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand
The rest of the dead…Those
who were not resurrected prior till the Millennium would have to wait for
the 1000 years to be complete. They are in hell, (Gr. Hades) waiting to be
judged. Their judgment will take place at the “White Throne Judgment”
between the First and Second resurrection.
Resurrection is when the soul given a body is whole and complete,
Resurrected. Two distinct resurrections are hinted at in the Old Testament
but this does not become clear till the book of Revelation. Job in fact was
looking forward to the day of this first resurrection.
For I know that my Redeemer lives, And He shall stand at last on the
26 And after my skin is destroyed, this I know, That in
my flesh I shall see God,
27 Whom I shall see for myself, And my eyes shall behold, and
How my heart yearns within me! Job 19:25-27
Daniel hints at the
distinction between the righteous and wicked in their resurrections, the
righteous being rewarded and shining in that day, while the face eternal
And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to
Some to shame and everlasting contempt. Daniel 12:2
Jesus also talked about
two distinct resurrections,
not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the
graves will hear His voice 29and come forth—those who have done
good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to
the resurrection of condemnation. John 5:28-29
between these two resurrections will be 1000 years. At the rapture, both
Old and New Testament saints will receive their new body. The body is
nothing more then the clothing and vehicle for the soul. Allowing the inner
man to participate in reality, this is the reason fallen beings such as
Satan enter a body. The body allows them to be part of the physical
with his/her resurrected and glorified body will be able to participate in
the reality of Heaven. They will be able to see Jesus as he is.
now we are children of God; and it has not yet been revealed what we shall
be, but we know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall
see Him as He is. I John 3:2
The second part of the
First resurrection deals with the saints who died during the tribulation.
When will they be given their resurrected body? There is no universal
agreement on the timing of each aspect of this resurrection. Some feel just
before the wedding of the Lamb, these saints will receive their body and
reward, others feel it will be after the return of Christ. Those who argue
the resurrection (Post-tribulation) will take place at the close of the
tribulation see this verse as a proof text.
to face God’s judgment. This is the second death; those who are in hell
will one day receive a new body. This body will be fitted for judgment in
the lake of fire. Those who stand before the throne at this judgment will
answer for their lives. (Revelation 20:14)
They shall be…The
role of service of the saints in the Kingdom of Christ will have three
aspects based on this chapter. The will be judges, kings and priests in the
Millennial earth. Without war, famine, disease and pestilence the earth’s
population will explode. The saint’s work will be to administer the Kingdom
for their King the Messiah. From both the Old and New Testament we can draw
a picture of life on earth during the Millennium.
“For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; And the former shall not
be remembered or come to mind.18 But be glad and rejoice
forever in what I create; For behold, I create Jerusalem as a
rejoicing, And her people a joy.19 I will rejoice in
Jerusalem, And joy in My people; The voice of weeping shall no longer be
heard in her, Nor the voice of crying.20 “No more shall an
infant from there live but a few days, Nor an old man who has not
fulfilled his days; For the child shall die one hundred years old, But the
sinner being one hundred years old shall be accursed.21
They shall build houses and inhabit them; They shall plant vineyards
and eat their fruit.22 They shall not build and another
inhabit; They shall not plant and another eat; For as the days of a tree,
so shall be the days of My people, And My elect shall long enjoy the
work of their hands.23 They shall not labor in vain, Nor bring
forth children for trouble; For they shall be the descendants of the
blessed of the LORD, And their offspring with them.24 “It
shall come to pass That before they call, I will answer; And while they are
still speaking, I will hear.25 The wolf and the lamb shall
feed together, The lion shall eat straw like the ox, And dust shall be
the serpent’s food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy
mountain,” Says the LORD.
Isaiah, we can draw a picture of Millennium life. Death will be rare, homes
will be lived in by the original builders, food will be plenteous, animals
will live at peace with man and there will be no human violence.
All nations will send
representatives to Jerusalem to worship before the King. Nations failing to
send representatives to Jerusalem to worship at the “Feast of Tabernacles”
will be punished with no rain. The government on the earth will be a
benevolent theocracy, with Christ as King of the earth. In addition,
Jerusalem as the capital city of the earth and center for worship.
it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations
which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the
King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 17And
it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come
up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, on them there will
be no rain. 18If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter
in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague
with which the LORD strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast
of Tabernacles. 19This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the
punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of
that day “HOLINESS TO THE LORD” shall be engraved on the bells of the
horses. The pots in the LORD’S house shall be like the bowls before the
pot in Jerusalem and Judah shall be holiness to the LORD of hosts. Everyone
who sacrifices shall come and take them and cook in them. In that day there
shall no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.
the Millennium, there will be a Temple on Mt. Moriah as well as sacrifice.
The sacrifice will be a memorial sacrifice much like Passover and Lord’s
supper remembering the exodus from Egypt and the death of Christ. (Ezekiel
40-43) Israel will be chief amongst the nations and the 12 disciples will be
judges over the 12 tribes of Israel. The division of the land for the
priesthood and prince is described in Ezekiel 44-48.
when the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison
8and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four
corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle,
whose number is as the sand of the sea. 9They went up on the
breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved
city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them.
Satan will be released…At
the close of the thousand years, Satan will be freed from the abyss. Whether
its just Satan or does it include the fallen angels as well is not stated.
Why would Satan be released from his prison? At the end of the Millennium,
the population of the earth has exploded and many alive have never been
tested. Many people alive during the Millennium will be faithless
regardless of how much peace and blessing they received. With Satan being
released, those who do not believe will be given an opportunity to be
tested. They will fall for Satan’s lies like those who lived before the
Millennium going back to Adam & Eve.
Deceive the nations…With
literally hundreds of billions if not trillions alive during this period of
time there will be many nations on earth. In addition, those in the nations
will rebel against the Saints and the city of Jerusalem, the capital of the
Gog and Magog…This
is not the same situation as described in Ezekiel 38-39, which takes place
prior to the tribulation period. These are descendents of these northern
tribes, which will be a prominent group during the Millennium. These are
cataloged tribes, but are only part of the total invasion.
Surrounded the camp…With
all the blessings of God that any could imagine, mankind has a fallen
nature. These who surround Jerusalem, are the descendents of Adam & Eve
born during the 1000-year reign of Christ. Their true character was not
tested during the 1000 years.
Fire came down…This
is the final test for man. After this mankind will enter an eternal
relationship with God. This is the final separation between those who trust
God and those who reject God, those who listen to Satan will go to Jerusalem
to make war with the saints. God will not tolerate this rebellion when
number has reached it full a fire will devour them instantly. They will now
stand before the great white throne. (Rev 20:11) Those who rejected Satan
will enter eternity with the saints.
devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where£
the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and
night forever and ever.
Lake of fire…Satan
will be the third person to enter the lake of fire. The first two were the
beast and false prophet. Eventually all mankind who dies without Christ will
go to this place.
occupants here will never have peace or hope of relief from eternal torment.
During the Millennium,
the population of the earth has multiplied to an innumerable number. For
one thousand years the earth was blessed in every way. There was no
shortage of food, no human strife, animals lived in harmony with man, death
was rare and mankind experienced unprecedented blessing. Jesus reigned as
king of the earth, and the saints in their resurrected bodies administer,
judged. The knowledge of God was not lacking in any capacity. Those born
during this time, never experienced testing. There might be little
distinction between those who put their trust in Jesus and those who
rejected Jesus. The vocabulary and deeds of worship might be common place
and second nature. Only God would know who the sincere are. For this reason
Satan is released from his prison and chains. Satan, true to his nature,
immediately begins to deceive the nations, the decedents of those who
entered the Millennium, following the judgment of the nations. (Matthew
25:31-43) The insincere react to Satan’s message of rebellion. The nations
gather against the city of saints, Jerusalem, immediately fire consumes the
gathering of lost souls deceived by
Following their consumption in the fire from heaven, Satan is cast
eternally into the lake of fire. John then sees an amazing site, Earth and
Heaven disappear as a great white throne appears. All who ever lived, apart
from those who were part of the first ressurection and the saved of the
Millennium are resurrected to appear before the throne. Each person
receives an eternal body. A resurrected body able to suffer for eternity.
Every person is judged by his works, and those who names are not in the Book
of Life are cast into the lake of fire for eternity. They join the first
three occupants, the Antichrist, the False Prophet and Satan who were
already there. The
Great White Throne 11Then
I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth
and the heaven fled away. And there was found no place for them.
Then I saw….
Following the 1000-year reign, the rebellion of the lost, and Satan being
cast into the lake of fire, John records what he sees.
Great white throne…. (Gr.
Mega….Great) A white throne is a picture of holiness and righteousness.
The description of this throne differs from those described earlier in
Revelation. (Revelation 4 and 5) There is no color, just whiteness, the
holiness and purity of God. John on the mount of transfiguration saw the
face of Jesus, become like the Sun and his clothes became as white as light.
(Matthew 17:2) Here he sees the throne from the perspective of those
gathered before it, there are no intimate details, just white holiness of
God’s presence. No singing, rejoicing or praise just the righteous judgment
three Judgment thrones mentioned in the scriptures, this is the third and
final throne. The Judgment seat of Christ (Bema seat) is prior to the
Wedding of the Lamb; saints receive and loose rewards for lives lived in
their bodies. When Christ returns with the armies of Heaven, survivors of
the tribulation gather before the throne of Christ. The righteous enter the
Millennium, with Christ and His saints ruling and reigning, the wicked are
sent to Hades to await judgment. At the completion of the 1000 years, the
rebels of the millennium and all the dead in Hades stand before the throne
of Christ, the Great White Throne.
3:9-16, Romans 14:10, 2 Corinthians 5:10-11
Testament, New Testament and Tribulation saints
Survivors of the
Those in Hades,
Gain and loss of
rewards. Position during the Millennium.
righteous who enter the Millennium
To judge who
enters Heaven based on works.
Time of event
End of the
Place of the
Before the throne
of God in space, no heaven and no earth.
Him who sat…
The person on the
throne is Jesus Christ. From the Gospel of John and Paul’s epistle to the
Philippians, we know Jesus Christ is the one sitting on the throne. All
judgment has been committed to the Son and every person who ever lived will
one day stand before Him.
the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son,
23that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He
who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him. John
at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those
on earth, and of those under the earth, 11and that every
tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God
the Father. Philippians 2:10-11
In the gospel of John,
when the detachment of soldiers comes to take Jesus, the entire group falls
to ground when He said, “I am He” (John 18:5). This and the
transfiguration on the mountain was only a sampling of the glorious nature
of Christ. Here sitting on his throne of glory, He is manifest before those
of the second resurrection.
Earth and heaven…
The glory of Christ is so overwhelming that the physical earth and universe
melt away at his presence.
…Earth Contracted from
a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part
or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each
(through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension
heaven (as the abode of God) ;
Jesus the Logos (Word)
brought the physical heavens and earth into existence (John 1:3, Colossians
1:16, 17). His glory will cause it to disappear at the great white throne
judgment. The melting away of the elements that compose the physical
universe is foretold in two Peter. The destruction of this present earth
and heavens will make way for a new heavens and earth. (Isaiah 65:17,66:22,
the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens
will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent
heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be
up. 11Therefore, since all these things will be dissolved, what
manner of persons ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness,
12looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of
which the heavens will be dissolved, being on fire, and the elements will
melt with fervent heat? 13Nevertheless we, according to His
promise, look for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness
2 Peter 3:10-12
There was area in which this present earth and heavens could be located.
They literally disappeared from existence. This is Peter’s point, since
this world will one day not even exist, why should we put our hope and trust
in what will one day cease to be? Our view and should be to a new heavens
, the resurrection of
I saw the dead, small and great, standing before
and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of
Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which
were written in the books. 13The sea gave up the dead who were in
it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they
were judged, each one according to his works.
dead included here are all those who have died since Adam till the end of
the Millennium. All those who died lost will finally have their day to
stand before the judge of the universe. Those not part of this group are
those who are part of the First Resurrection (Revelation 20:5). In
addition, those saved in the millennium are not part of this group. The
method of salvation during the Millennium will be the same as it has been
from the time of Adam. By faith, those saved put their faith in the King
who rules at Jerusalem. Satan’s release only separates the saved from the
before the throne will be some of the greatest men the world has ever known.
Generals who conquered the earth in their day, Business leaders who built
empires and were the awe of all who lived standing alongside slaves and
servants, they will all give an account of their life on this day.
Many standing will be
those who mocked Jesus, and thought his life was of no account. Here they
will see Jesus as both God and Judge of their eternity. The person on this
throne is none other then God Himself, the 2nd person of the
trinity, Jesus Christ.
Books were opened…What
books are opened? There are several books mentioned in the scriptures. One
book mentioned is the Book of Life (Exodus 32:32,33, Psalm 69:28, Daniel
12:1, Philippians 4:3, Revelation 3:5,13:8,17:8, 20:12,15, 21:27,22:19).
There is also book(s) that record works, words and secret thoughts. (Matthew
12; 36-37, Romans 2:15-16, Ecclesiastes 12:14) The evidence presented for
each living soul is contained in the books.
According to their
soul will hear the evidence the evidence for their eternal judgment. Each
idle word spoken, secret thoughts and works are before the judge of the
universe. Deeds done during each person’s life recorded in these books.
Those who base their salvation on works will see just how short their lives
fall from what is required. On this day, the worst sinners the world has
ever known might be standing next to someone considered one of the most
honest persons in a city.
Two questions rise at
Is it fair for
bad sinners and not so bad sinners to be judged equally?
Based on our individual
standard for sin, God’s judgment seems harsh. However, our standard of
righteousness is not his standard. If one man kills 10,000, people and
another one person both are murders. If one person robs 10,000 people and 1,
man robs one person both are robbers. If one man tells 10,000,000, lies and
another 10 both are liars. So based on works, where is the line to be
If the line for sin was
10,000 sins, and anyone with more then 10,000 was “Bad enough” and anyone
with less then 10,000 was “Good enough”, then only one sin would separate
the bad from the good. The one with one more sin could ask God, For 1 sin am
I judged eternally, for just one sin? If the line moved on the account of
one sin then eventually all would be “Good enough”. Based on works either
all should go to heaven or all should go to the lake of fire.
10001 9999 Better GOD
Based upon works, at what amount of sin should God draw the line that
separates the bad from the good? Once the line is established the person
behind it will only be one sin away from salvation. So either everybody is
good enough or not good enough. All go to heaven based on works or all
don’t go there.
Can a person
who has never heard the Gospel be judged fairly?
A person does not need
to see a law saying stealing is a sin to sin. If you don’t like someone
taking your “Things” and you take someone else’s “Things”, then you are a
law unto yourself. Your conscience bears witness to your knowledge of
stealing being wrong. The same goes with all types of sin. Those who die
without having the law are judged apart from the law. Their works and
thoughts will testify against them on this day.
as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many
as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law 13(for not
the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of
the law will be justified; 14for when Gentiles, who do not have
the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the
law, are a law to themselves, 15who show the work of the law
written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between
themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them).
… No one will be able to
escape this day of resurrection. Not even if the bodies have disintegrated
into the sea or earth. The purpose of mentioning the sea is to bear out
this point. All the dead resurrected, stand before the throne. All those
dwelling in Hades, removed for the purpose of this judgment, stand before
the throne. The wealthy man written about in Luke 16:19, will be finally
resurrected from Hades and to stand for his sin and give an account.
They were judged…
Works bear witness to sin, including thoughts and idle talk. The only hope
any soul has is to come to Jesus Christ in their lifetime.
I say to you that for every idle word men may speak, they will give account
of it in the day of judgment. 37For by your words you will be
justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”
The Lake of Fire
Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second
15And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into
the lake of fire. Revelation 20:14-15
Death and Hades…Death
is all those who ever died apart from redemption. Hades is the abode of
those waiting judgment. Hades was the holding cell prior to this day.
After standing trial all who died, and all in Hades will receive the
sentence. Cast into the lake of fire for all of eternity, they will pay for
their own sin. Just as those who are part of the “First resurrection” have a
body to dwell in Heaven for the rest of eternity, those part of the “Second
resurrection” will also have an eternal body to dwell in. The bodies in
the lake of fire will burn but not consume.
He shall be
tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in
the presence of the Lamb. 11And the smoke of their torment
ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship
the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.”
The second birth is when we are “Born again”; those in this resurrection
receive a physical body for the second time in their life. Cast into the
lake of fire is a second death to the resurrected in this resurrection of