Introduction to Chapter 13
Chapter 13 Part II
13 is an amplification of the scene in the 12th chapter. In
chapter 12, we see a dragon with 7 heads and 10 horns pursue a women who
gave birth to a “man-child”, who was caught up into Heaven to rule the
nations. This drama in the 12th chapter is the background of the
spiritual events that happen in the 2nd half, (1260 days, 42
months) of the 7-year tribulation period. John defines Satan as the
dragon (Revelation 12:9) and the women as Israel. Israel gave birth to the
Messiah, who is caught up to Heaven (Acts 1:9-11), Satan, the Dragon, then
pursues the Women who is protected for 1260 days or 3.5 years. The
identification of the participants is vital to understanding what is
actually taking place in both the physical and spiritual realms.
The events taking place
in the 2nd half are a result of what takes place in Heaven at the
Midpoint of the 7-year period. Satan and his angels removed from their
place in Heaven are then, hurled to the earth for their final stand.
Chapter 12 reveals the Heavenly view of these events and the battle of the
ages between God’s plan of redemption, and Satan attempts to stop it.
Satan’s final method of assault on the women, and her offspring (the saved)
are revealed to us in the 13th chapter.
Satan on Earth will
incarnate the leader of a “Revived Roman Empire”; this leader will have
died, and resurrect, to the wonder of the world. His resurrected body
indwelt with Satan, will assume control of the kingdom of the Beast.
Satan, portrayed as a 7-headed dragon in chapter 12, cast out of Heaven, is
now the source of power and authority of the 7-headed beast arising from the
sea, which John writes about. Satan will assume the controls of this
kingdom pictured as the “Beast”. This future kingdom will focus on the
glorification and exaltation of this “Satan-Man” and the persecution and
destruction of those who refuse to accept his deity. This period will last
for 42 months or 3.5 years, and will end with the return of Jesus Christ
when surviving Israel, finally recognizes Him as Messiah and calls out in
prayer and supplication for his return (Zechariah 12:9-10, Matthew 23:39
24:30 and Revelation 19)
Going before the beast
will be a false prophet who will perform great signs and wonders in the name
of this world leader. This false prophet will instruct the world to worship
the beast. An image of the Beast, constructed by the false prophet will be
the focus of worldwide worship. All who refuse to worship the Beast or his
image will be killed. The False prophet is pictured as lamb with two horns,
which speaks as a dragon. He is probably the leader of the world wide
religion in the first half of the tribulation which persecutes the
believers, the saints. Later, this world wide religion is destroyed
(Revelation 17:15-17) as the Beast and Satan, become the focus of worship in
the second half of Daniel’s 70th week.
In order to enforce this
worldwide religion of the beast an economic system will be established
demanding total submission to this world leader. Those who refuse will be
killed and cutoff from society. They will be unable to buy or sell without
Beast out of the Sea:
I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out
of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns
ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name.
beast, which I saw, was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of
a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his
power, his throne, and great authority.
Then I stood…(other
ms. “He stood”) The KJV source manuscript has vs.1 translated (I stood).
Some earlier manuscripts read (He stood) meaning the Dragon from Chapter 12
stood on the sand of the sea.
Depending on your
manuscript source, either John stood on the sand of the Sea and saw a “Beast
rising” or the dragon stood on the Sea and John then saw a “Beast rising”
out of the sea.
Regardless of the source
manuscript, the meaning is not lost.
John’s witness of events
now changes from Heaven to Earth. Satan expelled from Heaven, pursued the
women who escaped into the wilderness, now Satan is about to war with the
offspring of the women. (Rev 12:17). John is about to witness Satan’s
method to his war.
Sand of the sea…. “Sand
of the sea” is a phrase associated with population and growth of the
descendents of Jacob. (Gen 32;12, Isaiah 10:22,Hosea 1:10, Rom 9:27). The
dragon’s pursuit of the women ends with frustration and the dragon pursuit
stops on the “Sand of the sea”. The next scene introduces the continuation
of the Dragon’s work.
Beast rising up
animal) The Beast is the same as the one described by Daniel 7 and later in
Revelation 17. The Red Dragon of Revelation 12 differs from the Beast
described here, because this resembled a leopard, lion and bear as opposed
to a “Red Dragon. The Beast here has “Seven heads” and “10 horns” like the
Dragon. The “Red Dragon” has “Seven” Crowns as opposed to “ten”. From verse
2, we learn, the Dragon is the source of power and authority for the
In Daniel and Revelation the
Beast seen by both Daniel and John are portraits of the last Human
government before the return of the Messiah. When Christ returns the Beast
of Daniel and Revelation will be the dominant force on the Earth.
he said: ‘The fourth beast shall be A fourth kingdom on earth, Which
shall be different from all other kingdoms, And shall devour the
whole earth, Trample it and break it in pieces. 24The ten
horns are ten kings Who shall arise from this kingdom. And
another shall rise after them; He shall be different from the first ones,
And shall subdue three kings.25He shall speak pompous
words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the
Most High, And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints
shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a time.26
‘But the court shall be seated, And they shall take away his dominion,
To consume and destroy it forever.27 Then the kingdom
and dominion, And the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, Shall
be given to the people, the saints of the Most High. His kingdom is
an everlasting kingdom, And all dominions shall serve and obey Him.’
the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron, inasmuch as iron
breaks in pieces and shatters everything; and like iron that crushes,
that kingdom will break in pieces and crush all the others. 41Whereas
you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, the
kingdom shall be divided; yet the strength of the iron shall be in it, just
as you saw the iron mixed with ceramic clay. 42And as the
toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, so
the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly fragile. 43As you
saw iron mixed with ceramic clay, they will mingle with the seed of men; but
they will not adhere to one another, just as iron does not mix with clay.
44And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a
kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be
left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these
kingdoms, and it shall stand forever.
The beast of Daniel will
be a revived “Roman Empire”; we know this based on the 70 weeks of Daniel
(Dan 9:24-27), Daniel 7 and Daniel 2. The people who destroyed Jerusalem
and the Temple were the Romans, the “prince who is to come” is their
descendent. (Dan 9:26). (See 70 Weeks of Daniel Paper)
Also in Daniel 2, the image seen by
Nebuchadnezzar is linked to Rome, described by Daniel as the legs of Iron,
this kingdom later extends to the 10 ten toes and feet of Iron and
revealed these kings (10 toes) the God of Heaven would set up a kingdom
which shall never end. There is a gap of time between the Iron legs and the
Iron and clay feet and toes, this gap is described in Daniel 9;26 as a
period of “Desolation”.
has one beast, with “Iron” teeth and 10 horns. This Beast is described as a
“Fourth Kingdom”, different then all other kingdoms, with 10 future kings
who will arise. They will subdue the whole earth.
Out of the sea…The
Sea symbolizes the sea of humanity based on Rev 17:15, Dan.7
he said to me, “The waters which you saw, where the harlot sits, are
peoples, multitudes, nations, and tongues. Rev 17:15
Seven heads and ten
Chart Below) The Beast has identifiers seen in both Daniel and Revelation.
The Beast described in Daniel 7 as having 1 Head and 10 horns differs from
the “red dragon” of Revelation chapter 12, described as having 7 heads and
10 horns, the same as the beast in Revelation 13 & 17. To understand the
meaning is not a mystery, since the explanation is within the texts.
The Beast represents the fourth and final government on Earth.
10 horns represent 10 future kings who turn their power over to the
“Last-days” ruler. (Revelation 17:12)
Attack against the Women
Tried to assimilate
Exiled 10 tribes of
Israel, tried to
Attempted to destroy Jews during time of Ester
Antiochus Epiphanies, Abomination of Desolation 164 B.C.
1.5 million Jews died, rest expelled. During John’s day.
9:26 foretells a
period of desolation after Messiah is cut off.
This period end with
during the Time of the Antichrist.
Ten kingdoms unite under Satanic power
represent 7 kings or kingdoms. Five are fallen in John’s day about 90 A.D.,
and one is and one is yet too come.
The Dragon, who pursues
the women in Revelation 12, has 7 heads. These seven heads represent the
seven kingdoms from the time of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob until the “end of
Days” which tried to stop God’s plan of redemption by trying to stop
Messiah’s birth, one way or another.
Beast arising from the sea, is all seven kingdom in one collected in one
final “World kingdom” with the same Dragon, as the source of authority and
"There are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, and
the other has not yet come. And when he comes, he must continue a short
time. 11 "And the beast that was, and is not, is himself also the eighth,
and is of the seven, and is going to perdition. 12 "The ten horns which
you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they
receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast. Revelation
On his horns ten crowns…Ten
crowns or kingdoms make up the initial kingdom but at the Midpoint or
earlier 3 of the 10 kings are subdued by the little horn.
Blasphemous name (Gr.
(especially against God):—blasphemy, evil speaking, railing.)
Each of these
kingdom have railed against the God of Israel in their own way. The
Antichrist incarnated by Satan, will be the ultimate blasphemer. Demanding
worship from the whole earth.
The beast which I saw….Verse
2, draws from the 3 additional beast of Daniel 7.
four great beasts came up from the sea, each different from the other.
4The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings. I
watched till its wings were plucked off; and it was lifted up from the earth
and made to stand on two feet like a man, and a man’s heart was given to it.
suddenly another beast, a second, like a bear. It was raised up on
one side, and had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth. And they
said thus to it: ‘Arise, devour much flesh!’
this I looked, and there was another, like a leopard, which had on
its back four wings of a bird. The beast also had four heads, and dominion
was given to it.
The reason the beast of
Rev 13 has characteristics from the 3 previous animals described in Daniel 7
depends on your understanding of Daniel. Most interpret Daniel 7 in
combination with the rest of the book of Daniel in foretelling the
succession of kingdoms leading toward the final kingdom.
The Lion represented,
The Bear, Persia
The Beast, Rome
With Rome revived at the
end, for the final conflict between Israel & the Messiah, and The World and
This combination of
“animals” composing the final kingdom on the Earth in Revelation 13 means
The final kingdom
“Revived Rome” will have characteristics of the 3 previous kingdoms,
Babylon, Persia and Greece.
The final kingdom
“Revived Rome” will be a “world kingdom” ruling the lands of the 3
previous kingdoms. Daniel 7:23 says this kingdom will, “shall devour
the whole earth”
The kingdom of
Antichrist will be a world kingdom with a world capital. Revelation 18 and
Isaiah 14 confirm the rebuilding of Babylon as the capitol city of
Antichrist. Revelation 17 demonstrates he will try to unite the world
through a “World wide religion”.
The dragon gave him…The
dragon is a reference to Satan who along with his angelic following was
kicked out of Heaven. Now Satan is the power behind the Beast and his
Kingdom. Satan before his expulsion from Heaven had tremendous power and
influence in the kingdoms of Men. (Luke 4:5, 2 Corn.4:4, Job 1:12,2:6) At
his last stand, Satan and his forces concentrate their power in one final
attempt to thwart God’s plan.
Beast out of the Sea:
I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his
deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast.
I saw one of his heads….
represent the succession of kingdoms throughout history opposed to God’s
redemption through Israel’s Messiah. This Seventh head represents a “Revived
Roman” kingdom, which has recovered from its mortal wound. This head, the
“Roman Head” is lead by the Antichrist, who is Satan himself. John like
Daniel focuses on the Beast’s appearance and notices one of the 7 heads.
Daniel notices one horn among the 10 and describes its appearance and
considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up
among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the
roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a
mouth speaking pompous words.
The Beast is somehow mortally wounded, and from Rev 17:8 we know he dies or
appears to die, went into Hell and ascended out of Hell. The Beast is a
satanic counterfeit of Christ resurrection. The death of the Beast
corresponds with the fall of Satan from Heaven. At the death of the Beast,
Satan was able to indwell the body begin to rule the world thru the
8 "The beast that you saw
was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to
perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not
written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see
the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.
The mortal wound becomes
the focus of worship during the last half of the tribulation. (Rev 13:12)
All the world marveled….
mysterious death of this world leader and his resurrection will give
credibility to the next phase of Satan’s plan. The world turns to the Beast
not only as a political leader but also as “god on earth”. Satan’s pride
was his undoing, in Heaven he sought to be god; he will seek to be god on
word of the LORD came to me again, saying, 2“Son of man, say to
the prince of Tyre, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Because your heart is
lifted up, And you say, ‘I am a god,I sit in the seat of gods,
In the midst of the
seas,’ Yet you are a man, and not a god, Though you set your heart
as the heart of a god.
even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing,
4whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest
the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God,
should shine on them.
2 Corn 4:3-4
Daniel foretells the
character of this coming world leader; he is the ultimate example of man’s
fallen nature as he seeks to glorify himself above all.
the king shall do according to his own will: he shall exalt and magnify
himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods,
and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been
determined shall be done. 37He shall regard neither the God
of his fathers nor the desire of women, nor regard any god; for he shall
exalt himself above them all.
Contrast of Jesus to Antichrist
Christ came from
above John 6; 38
ascend from the pit, Rev 11:7
Christ came in
his Father’s name John 5:43
come in his own name, John 5; 43
Himself Phil 2:8
exalt himself, 2 Thess. 2:4
despised Isa 53;3, Luke 23:18
be admired, Rev 13:3-4
Christ will be
exalted, Phil 2:9
be cast down to hell, Isa. 14:14-15, Rev. 19:20
Christ came to do
his Father’s will, John 6:38
come to do his own will, Dan 11:36
Christ came to
save, Luke 19:10
come to destroy, Dan. 8:24
Christ is the
good shepherd, John 10:1-15
Antichrist is the
“idol shepherd”, Zech 11:16-17
Christ is the
“true vine”, John 15:1
Antichrist is the
“vine of the earth”, Rev. 14:18
Christ is the
“Truth”, John 14; 6
Antichrist is the
“lie”, 2 Thess. 2:11
Christ is the
“Holy one”, Mark 1;24
Antichrist is the
“Lawless one”. 2 Thess. 2:8
Christ is the
“man of sorrows”, Isa 53:3
Antichrist is the
“man of sin”, 2 Thess. 2:3
Christ is the
“Son of God”, Luke 1:35
Antichrist is the
“son of perdition”, 2 Thess. 2:3
Christ is “the
mystery of godliness: God..manifest in the flesh”, 1 Tim. 3:16
be “the mystery of the iniquity” Satan manifest in the flesh, 2
Comparison of the Beasts
Beast out of
One head had
fatal wound that was healed.
subdued by 1 horn. (7:20)
war on saints (7:20)
½ Time (7:25)
& ½ time (12:14)
speaks against Most High (7:25)
saints, Change times set laws (7:25)
saints for 3.5 years (7:25)
away completely destroyed (7:26)
handed over to saints and “Son of Man’
hurled to earth (12:9)
pursues women who gave birth to man-child. (12:13)
into wilderness from dragon (12; 14)
protects women (Israel) for 1260 days (12:15)
war with offspring of women (12:17)
beast his power, throne &authority (13:2)
uttered blasphemes against God, and those in Heaven. (13:5-6)
power to make war against the saints (13; 7)
inhabitants of the Earth will worship the Beast. (13:8)
Miraculous signs performed in Beast’s name (13; 13)
beast set up and worshipped (13:14-15)
(kings) & Beast will make war on the Lamb (Jesus) (Rev 17:14)
defeat Beast (Rev 17:14)
Religion of the Beast
worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the
beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with
he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given
authority to continue for forty-two months. 6Then he
opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His
tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven. 7It was granted to him
to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given
him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. 8All who
dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in
the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
They worshipped the
religion of the earth will focus on the Beast, the man indwelt by Satan. The
Beast and his image will be a central part of the religion of “kingdom of
Satan”. The second half of the tribulation will be an end to the “Women who
rides the beast” of Revelation 17. The Beast, Satan incarnates the beast
and will demand worship from the Earth inhabitants, just as he tempted the
angels, man and Jesus on the mount of Temptation (Luke 4)
Gave authority to the
dragon (Satan) was the force behind the Beast’s power.
The worshiped the
beast was Satan and the soul of the Antichrist both indwelling the same
body. After the “Glorious return” the Antichrist is cast into the “Lake of
fire” and Satan is cast chained into the Abyss. (Rev 19:20,20:2)
Who is able to make
war with him….The
kingdom of the beast will have military superiority over the Earth and will
seem invincible in the eyes of the world. Prior to the second half of the
Tribulation, the Antichrist with “Great fury” meaning great heat annihilates
many. (Daniel 11:44). This battle corresponds with the death of 1/3 of the
earth population, and the 6th Trumpet. This battle set the stage
for world domination in the second half of the tribulation.
Probably during this period, three of the horns or kings rebel against his
authority and are pulled up by the roots as described in Daniel 7:8. “three
of the first horns were plucked out by the roots”.
days, 3.5 years, the 2nd half of Daniel’s 70 weeks
He opened his mouth….Satan
is outraged at the position he is in, He is not used to being confined to
the Earth and he knows his time is short, so he rages against Heaven.
Granted to him to make
war with the saints…
The saints are those who
come to Christ during the 7-year period, those who were “Left Behind”.
During this time, Satan intensifies his search for the offspring of the
women who fled into the wilderness for 1260 days. The women’s offspring
both physical and spiritual are hunted destruction. When Christ returns,
the saints in hiding will be brought before Christ by the angels who will
gather them from the nations.
the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of
the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds
of heaven with power and great glory. 31And He will send His
angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His
elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
What the purpose of the
persecution? Through the saints persecution many will come to faith, and the
sins of man will be manifest. During the “Sheep and Goats judgment”
(Matthew 25:31-46) the actions of those on Earth toward the saints will be
revealed. God will demonstrate his righteous judgments by the way the
saints were treated.
anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10He who leads into captivity
shall go into captivity; he who kills with the sword must be killed with the
sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.
If anyone has an ear….This
is a call for understanding to those who are about to die. The ear is a
“Spiritual ear” in much the same way the letters to the churches addressed
those who had ears this is addressed to the surviving believers who are
about to be killed.
An interesting point can
be made here, the church is not addressed, but those who have an ear. Since
the church is not specifically mentioned, more then likely the church was
raptured prior to the tribulation.
He who leads….God
is allowing this to happen for a purpose. In the 5th Seal, we
see those who are killed in the first half of the tribulation. Here saints
from the second half are prepared for what is to come. Death is not to be
feared because the very next phase for the martyr is Heaven in God’s
presence (Revelation 6:9-11, 7:9-11, 15:2) There is a place in Heaven
waiting for their arrival.
Here is patience….
The ability to suffer for their testimony will bring many to a saving
knowledge in the last days. Much in the same way the early church spread
under persecution, this last group of Gentile and Jewish faithful will grow
God is allowing this
persecution, because its only temporary and exposes those who dwell on the
earth for who they truly are. Daniel, also wrote about this future period
of persecution for the believer.
25 He shall speak pompous
words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High,
And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given
into his hand For a time and times and half a time.
Daniel also saw this
period as 3.5 years (Time and times and half a time), to be followed by a
period when the saints would rule over the kingdom. Because God would
resurrect the martyred saints following this period of suffering, they were
'But the court shall be seated, And they shall take away his dominion, To
consume and destroy it forever. 27 Then the kingdom and dominion, And the
greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, Shall be given to the
people, the saints of the Most High. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom,
And all dominions shall serve and obey Him.'
"But you, go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to
your inheritance at the end of the days."
Chapter 13 Part II