Hebrews Chapter 7: After
the order of Melchizedek
writer of Hebrews continues his discussion of Melchizedek
started in chapter 5 (Hebrews 5:1-10). Hebrews 5:11 to
6:19, was both critical and encouraging, he wanted his
Jewish audience to know they should be further along in
their understanding of spiritual issues. They should be
teaching, but are in danger of having a sluggish Christian
walk. The issues covered in Hebrews 7 to 13 require
spiritual maturity and growth, which the Hebrew Christians
lacked. He was urging them to grow and move beyond their
stagnant spiritual state.
The writer wants his audience both the believing and
non-believing Jews to understand the priesthood of Christ is
greater then the priesthood of Aaron, which was still in
effect at the Temple. He is urging them to move beyond Aaron
to Christ, from the Old Covenant to the New Covenant, from a
temporary priesthood to an eternal priesthood.
The Holy Spirit demonstrates Melchizedek was a type
(picture) of the Messiah, who would prepare the hearts of
the people for Jesus Christ. Melchizedek modeled the dual
role of “King” and “Priest” which the Messiah would fulfill.
Jesus Christ fulfills this role, as king and priest. His
priesthood is superior to Aarons, Aaron’s was temporary
Christ’s is eternal. Melchizedek modeled the point to the
Hebrew nation two thousand years before Jesus Christ was
born, that a greater priesthood would be fulfilled in
Melchizedek A Type of
this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High
God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the
kings and blessed him,
7:2 to whom
also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being
translated "king of righteousness," and then also king of
Salem, meaning "king of peace,"
father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither
beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of
God, remains a priest continually.
consider how great this man was, to whom even the patriarch
Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils.
indeed those who are of the sons of Levi, who receive the
priesthood, have a commandment to receive tithes from the
people according to the law, that is, from their brethren,
though they have come from the loins of Abraham;
7:6 but he
whose genealogy is not derived from them received tithes
from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises.
beyond all contradiction the lesser is blessed by the
mortal men receive tithes, but there he receives them, of
whom it is witnessed that he lives.
Levi, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, so
7:10 for he
was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met
King of Peace and Righteousness
He was the
king and priest who ruled over
His name is a combination of the words king and
righteousness. King ($lm Melek)
and Righteous (qyddc
identity has caused a great deal of speculation, both by
Jews and Christians, some theories put forward are;
He is an angelic being
He is the pre-incarnate Christ
He is Shem ( Noah’s third son)
He is only
mentioned three times in scripture; Genesis 14:18-20, Psalm
110:4, and Hebrews Chapter 5 to 7.
Salem means peace (Hebrew
was the earlier name for Jerusalem. Melchizedek was the
king and priest of the city. We can speculate the city of
Salem was founded by Melchizedek after the language of man
was confused at the tower of Babel. (Genesis 11:1-9).
of the Most High:
The God of
the Bible is identified as “The God of Abraham, Isaac and
Jacob”. However, before Abraham, the God of the Bible, could
have been called the God of Noah, Shem and Melchizedek. The
worship of the “True” God did not begin with Abraham, but he
continued to worship the true God.
Before Abraham, individuals such as Abel, Seth, Enoch, all
knew and had a relationship with the “True” God. Noah in
fact served as a priest to God, offering a sacrifice after
the Arc had landed. (Genesis 8:20-22). Noah represented his
offspring before God after the flood. Both Noah and
Melchizedek, were of the righteous seed, who were modeled
after Abel and Seth, the two righteous sons of Adam.
Melchizedek would later serve as “Priest” model for the
Christ, who would come to redeem all mankind.
The name of God most often used in the Old Testament is
Yahweh (Jehovah). The word LORD in the scriptures is
written as (hwhy)) )or Yahweh in the Old Testament Hebrew, but seen as LORD in
the translation, to prevent the reader from taking God’s
name in vain. God is also known by the name of “El Elyon”
or Most High God, this represents the more universal name
for God as opposed to Yahweh (I am that I am) which was
revealed to Moses at Mt. Sinai.
Melchizedek has a universal priesthood, compared to Aaron,
whose priesthood was limited to the house of
of the kings:
defeats the kings of Babylon, (Elam, Shinar, Ellasar, ) who
had earlier defeated the kings of (Sodom,
Admah, Zeboim and Zoar). Kedorlaomer took Abraham’s nephew
Lot and his possessions, Abraham and his 318 servants pursued
and defeated the victorious eastern (Babylonian) Kings.
Lot and his
family, and all the possessions of
Both the king of Salem, and the king of Sodom meet Abraham
at his return. Sodom’s king offered to let Abraham keep all
the possessions but to only return the people. Abraham
refused his offer, lest
Sodom take away from God’s Glory.
21 Now the
king of Sodom said to Abram, "Give me the persons, and take
the goods for yourself." 22 But Abram said to the king of
Sodom, "I have raised my hand to the Lord, God Most High,
the Possessor of heaven and earth, 23 "that I will take
nothing, from a thread to a sandal strap, and that I will
not take anything that is yours, lest you should say, 'I
have made Abram rich' Genesis
refused to allow Sodom, to bless him. He knew God’s glory
was at stake.
him:… Abraham, after the slaughter of these four kings, returned to
to offer a tithe of all the possession to Melchizedek, king
Salem was neighboring city-state to Sodom, a contrast
between righteousness and wickedness, was the difference
between Salem and Sodom. Melchizedek blessed Abraham, who
offered him a tithe (Tenth) of the recovered goods.
Melchizedek translated means king of righteousness. The
Hebrew word for righteousness (qyddc
the root word meaning to cleanse, or clear one self.
Righteousness, is a characteristic of Messiah, He is the
king, according to scripture, who will bring righteousness
to the earth, the Messiah is known as King of Righteousness.
throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of
righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.Psalm 45:6
4 But with
righteousness He shall judge the poor, And decide with
equity for the meek of the earth; He shall strike the earth
with the rod of His mouth, And with the breath of His lips
He shall slay the wicked. 5 Righteousness shall be the belt
of His loins, And faithfulness the belt of His waist.Isaiah
16 He saw
that there was no man, And wondered that there was no
intercessor; Therefore His own arm brought salvation for
Him; And His own righteousness, it sustained Him. 17 For He
put on righteousness as a breastplate, And a helmet of
salvation on His head; He put on the garments of vengeance
for clothing, And was clad with zeal as a cloak. Isaiah
the days are coming," says the Lord, "That I will raise to
David a Branch of righteousness; A King shall reign
and prosper, And execute judgment and righteousness in
the earth. 6 In His days Judah will be saved, And Israel
will dwell safely; Now this is His name by which He will be
called: THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.Jeremiah 23:5-6
also typified another aspect of the Messiah, in his being
“King of Salem”. The name of the city Salem, means “Peace”,
since He was king of Peace (Salem) he typifies the other aspect of Messiah.
For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the
government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be
called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father,
Prince of Peace. 7 Of the increase of His
government and peace There will be no end, Upon the
throne of David and over His kingdom, To order it and
establish it with judgment and justice From that time
forward, even forever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will
perform this. Isaiah 9:6-7
Son of God:
He was a
type or a picture of Messiah, the Greek word for “Like” is
ajfomoiovw Aphomoioo (af-om-oy-o'-o);
cause a model to pass off into an image or shape like it; to
express itself in it, to copy.
mysterious genealogy of Melchizedek, typifies the genealogy
of Messiah as it relates to his priesthood. Only a Levite,
a descendent of Aaron could be a member of the priesthood.
Melchizedek typified a priesthood outside and superior to
the Levi’s priesthood. This does not mean that Melchizedek
came from nothing, but only that his genealogy is not in
scripture. The lack of record typifies the non-levitical
genealogy of the Messiah who would be both priest and king.
Priest to Abraham
Abraham offered tithes to Melchizedek
Abraham saw Christ and rejoiced at his day. (John
King and Priest in Jerusalem
Melchizedek was the King and Priest of Salem, (Jerusalem.)
Jesus will be both King and Priest of Jerusalem.
Jesus was presented as King from birth to death. He
prayed and interceded for the city.
will return as both King and Priest.
Matthew 27:37, Matthew 23:37-39,
Offers to Bread Abraham
Melchizedek offered bread, to Abraham after his
victories of the
Jesus offered himself as the bread of life to
Abraham’s descendents. (John 6:33,53-58, Luke 22:19)
Melchizedek offered wine to Abraham.
Jesus offered his blood as wine to Abraham’s
offspring (John 6:55, Luke 22:20-22)
Greater then Abraham
Melchizedek was greater then Abraham, because he
received Abraham’s offering for God.
Jesus was greater then Abraham (John
Aaron’s priesthood was a picture of Messiah’s
Melchizedek blessed Abraham
Abraham was blessed by Messiah (John
King of Peace (Salem)
name for Jerusalem is Peace (Salem). Melchizedek is
King of Peace
of the titles for Messiah is Prince of Peace.
(Isaiah 9:6). Christ as King of Jerusalem fulfills
the foreshadowing of Melchizedek. (Zechariah 14)
King of Righteousness
Melchizedek’s name means “King of Righteousness”
Christ is the King of Righteousness
of the tribe of Levi
the Tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:10)
Beginning and End
Eternal (Psalm 110;4)
Received Tithes from Levi in the person of Abraham
Received tithes from Levi as the “Glory of the Lord”
in His pre-incarnate state.
Outside of Levi
Outside of Levi
superior to Levi
this man was:
Melchizedek served was to prepare for the coming of Messiah.
Messiah would be both Priest and King not to
only but the world. Melchizedek was a foreshadowing, a
preparation for the coming of a greater priesthood and
promise. This is point being made in the book of Hebrews
chapter 7, the Old Covenant was merely pointing the way to
the New Covenant which would only be fulfilled in Messiah.
serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses
was divinely instructed when he was about to make the
tabernacle. For He said, "See that you make all things
according to the pattern shown you on the mountain."Hebrews
of the spoils:
greatness of Melchizedek is demonstrated by Abraham’s
submission to him, by tithing to his priesthood. By tithing
to him, Abraham recognizes his intercession and priesthood
before God. Although Abraham did not take spoils for
himself, he did dedicate ten percent to Melchizedek.
descendents of Levi were separated from the other tribes of
Israel. There were dedicated to Temple service, they alone
were to assemble and unassembled the Tabernacle. (Numbers
8:15) The sons of Levi, were chosen as the firstborn in
instead of the firstborn from every tribe. (Numbers 8:18)
The Levites were also not given any fixed territory in the
promised land, because “The Lord is their portion” (Dt.10:9;
The Levitical priesthood was also from the “Sons of Levi”,
except only from the family of Aaron. (Leviticus 8)
The Tribe of Levi received the Tithe offering in
as payment for their service to the Lord.
20 Then the
Lord said to Aaron: "You shall have no inheritance in their
land, nor shall you have any portion among them; I am your
portion and your inheritance among the children of
21 "Behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tithes
in Israel as an inheritance in return for the work which
they perform, the work of the tabernacle of meeting.Numbers
Abraham great grandson, through Jacob, Isaac’s second born.
Melchizedek was outside of Levi’s Genealogy and received
tithes from Abraham. This signified the superiority
over the Levitcal system that would follow the birth of
Abraham’s great grandson, Levi. Since Abraham tithed to
Melchizedek, then Levi also tithed to the Melchizedek’s
priesthood through Abraham.
blessed by the better:
being blessed by Melchizedek reinforces the picture of his
greatness compared to Abraham. Not only did Abraham tithe to
him, but Melchizedek also blessed him, indicating a
spiritual superiority over Abraham.
emphasizes the superiority of Christ to the Moses, as
Melchizedek is superior to Levi, Christ is superior to
Jesus the Superior
Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical
priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what
further need was there that another priest should rise
according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called
according to the order of Aaron?
For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also
a change of the law.
For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another
tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar.
For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which
tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.
And it is yet far more evident if, in the likeness of
Melchizedek, there arises another priest
who has come, not according to the law of a fleshly
commandment, but according to the power of an endless life.
For He testifies: "You are a priest forever According to the
order of Melchizedek."
For on the one hand there is an annulling of the former
commandment because of its weakness and unprofitableness,
for the law made nothing perfect; on the other hand, there
is the bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw
near to God.
Perfection…through the Levitical priesthood:
of Hebrews is using the logic of scripture to demonstrate
the superiority of Christ’s priesthood. David, under the
Levitical Priesthood, inspired by the Holy Spirit, wrote
The Lord has sworn And will not relent, "You are a priest
forever According to the order of Melchizedek."Psalm
He asks the question, if the Levitical Priesthood was
perfect, why would David speak of a better priesthood, “The
order of Melchizedek”?
Law proceeded from the Levitical Priesthood, and that
priesthood changed, then there must be a “Change of law”.
This change was foretold in the book of Jeremiah.
31 "Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will
make a new covenant with the house of
with the house of Judah 32 not according to the covenant
that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them
by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My
covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them,
F23 says the Lord. 33 "But this is the covenant that I will
make with the house of Israel after those days, says the
Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on
their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My
people. Jeremiah 31:31-33
The Mosaic Covenant would be replaced by a New Covenant, this
coming Covenant would be under a priesthood after the order
of Melchizedek. (Psalm 110;4)
Jesus is of
the tribe of Judah, which is not mentioned as a tribe of the
priesthood, but is mentioned as the tribe through whom the
Messiah will come. (Genesis 49:10) Though Moses did not
speak of the priesthood other then Levi, scripture declares
a greater priesthood, superior to that of Levi. (Psalm
priesthood and law of Israel were imperfect. The High Priest
was required to offer sacrifices for himself and the people.
Again, the writer is contrasting the better covenant with
the imperfect covenant.
word used here, (ajkatavlutoß
means not subject to destruction. This is in contrast to the
flesh or carnal, which is subject to destruction, the point
being this covenant is eternal and perfect verses the Mosaic
covenant which is carnal and imperfect.
The law made nothing perfect:
The law of
Moses was a temporary fix, which looked forward to the
coming of the Messiah, who make the imperfect perfect.
Covenant would replace the Mosaic Covenant, it would be an
everlasting covenant, like the priesthood which would
officiate its arrival.
'And I will make an everlasting covenant with them,
that I will not turn away from doing them good; but I will
put My fear in their hearts so that they will not depart
from Me Jeremiah 32:40
I will make a covenant of peace with them, and it shall be
an everlasting covenant with them; I will establish
them and multiply them, and I will set My sanctuary in their
midst forevermore. Ezekiel 37:26
"For I, the
Lord, love justice; I hate robbery for burnt offering; I
will direct their work in truth, And will make with them an
everlasting covenant. Isaiah 61:8
everlasting covenant is the “Better Covenant” involving
eternal forgiveness from sins, not the temporary forgiveness
that results from the Levitical system.
more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his
brother, saying, 'Know the Lord,' for they all shall know
Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says
the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and
their sin I will remember no more." Jeremiah 31:34
Jesus the Superior
And inasmuch as He was not made priest without an oath
(for they have become priests without an oath, but He with
an oath by Him who said to Him: "The Lord has sworn And will
not relent, 'You are a priest forever According to the order
of Melchizedek' "),
HEB 7:22 by
so much more Jesus has become a surety of a better covenant.
Also there were many priests, because they were prevented by
death from continuing.
But He, because He continues forever, has an unchangeable
Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who
come to God through Him, since He always lives to make
intercession for them.
For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy,
harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become
higher than the heavens;
who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up
sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the
people's, for this He did once for all when He offered up
HEB 7:28 For the law appoints as high priests men who have
weakness, but the word of the oath, which came after the
law, appoints the Son who has been perfected forever.
Guarantee of a Better Covenant
God guarantees the Messiah’s eternal priesthood, after the
“Order of Melchizedek”. God council is immutable and cannot
be changed, Messiah (Christ’s) priesthood was the result of
an oath, compared to the Levitical priest who came to their
position as a result of their birth. (Hebrews 6:18)
of a better covenant:
the guarantee of the “Better Covenant”. This picture of a
surety is when Judah, placed himself as surety or bond for
the safe return of Benjamin, when Joseph requested they
bring him (Benjamin) to see Joseph.
myself will be surety for him; from my hand you shall
require him. If I do not bring him back to you and set him
before you, then let me bear the blame forever.Genesis 43:9
the descendent of Judah, is our surety (Bond) of the greater
and perfect covenant.
priests of the Mosaic Covenant are imperfect and die, this
is a stark contrast to Christ’s priesthood, an eternal
verses temporary priesthood.
our advocate before the Father, who intercedes on our
behalf. (Isaiah 59:16).
children, these things I write to you, so that you may not
sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the
Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.
Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours
only but also for the whole world I John 2:1,2
Who is he
who condemns? It is Christ who died, and furthermore is also
risen, who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes
intercession for us Romans 8:34
His own sins:
Levitical High-Priest sinned, he was required to offer
sacrifices for himself (Lev. 4:3). When the people sinned
who would offer sacrifices for them (Lev.
4:13). This would be both daily and annually on the Day of
Atonement (Lev. 16:6,11,15). Christ had no sin needed no
sacrifice for Himself.
He was the
only sacrifice that was needed, one time only, for all men,
for all time.