Jesus Christ our
Perfect High Priest
Qualifications for High-Priest
1 For every high
priest taken from among men is appointed for men in things
pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for
2 He can have
compassion on those who are ignorant and going astray, since he
himself is also subject to weakness.
3 Because of this he
is required as for the people, so also for himself, to offer
sacrifices for sins.
4 And no man takes
this honor to himself, but he who is called by God, just as Aaron
The office of
High Priest was first given to Aaron and his sons, following the
establishment of the Mosaic Covenant on
Mt. Sinai. (Exodus
28-29). They were to administer the sacrifices with the articles
described by God to Moses on the mountain (Exodus 25-27). The High
Priest was a foreshadowing of the coming Messiah, who would
ultimately fulfill the office. The High Priest was the Human
representative to God, administering sacrifices on his and the
nation’s behalf. He was over the other Priests, and he alone would
enter the Holy of Holies, once a year.
Tent of Meeting and its articles were copies of their Heavenly
9:23) revealed in the Book of Revelation. (Exodus 25:40).
Son of man
of the tribe of Levi.
of the tribe of Judah.
7:13, Matthew 25:31
his sons were selected for the priesthood (Exodus 28:1)
proclaimed the Son
Priest offered a sacrifice for himself and the people.
offered Himself as sinless sacrifice for the sins of man.
He was the
only priest who could enter the Holy of Holies, He alone
would make atonement for Israel once a year. (Leviticus 16)
death of Christ the curtain in the
was ripped from top to bottom. He entered Heaven for us. The
Bible describes those who trust Christ as kings and priests
(Revelation 1:6, 5:10, 20:6) Christ is the Chief Priest
Representing humanity to God
his sons administered the offerings and gifts before the
altar. Including both obligations for sin(Leviticus 1),
voluntary gifts of thanksgiving. (Leviticus 3, 7:11-34)
Christ death, man is reconciled to God and has access to the
throne in Heaven. (Hebrews 4:14-16)
Israel on his shoulders
Priest wore the names of Israel on his shoulders as a
memorial before the Lord. (Exodus 28:6-14)
bearing witness of himself to
Following Israel’s rejection of Christ. (Matthew 10:6,23)
The Gentiles are grafted into God’s Covenant with Israel
Priest had a breastplate with 12 stones, each engraved with
one of the tribes of Israel, over his heart as he entered
the presence of the Lord. (Exodus 28:21)
Jerusalem, the future dwelling of the Saints, is made of 12
different stones, engraved with names of the 12 tribes of
Israel, and the 12 apostles. (Revelation 21:12-14)
Relationship with God
Priest was to strive for perfection, to be sinless. He was
set aside, from the people. He wore on his turban a gold
the LORD” (Exodus 28:36)
attained the righteousness sought in the Mosiac Priesthood.
Since the High-Priest represented man to God, he had to be of Human
offspring. (Isaiah 59:16)
He may offer:
Priest was not limited to sacrifices for sins in his representation,
but also served represent thanksgiving to God. For example, Hannah
came to the
to pray for a child, and at the birth of Samuel she offered him as
gift for God’s service. (I Samuel 2-3)
The Greek word
used here is
which means to be
affected moderately, not in either extreme. To understand, without
being apathetic or too sympathetic to be of any good. The High
Priest would understand those who came before him because he was
like them, having their nature.
different types of sins represented in the Mosaic law, both
intentional and un-intentional. The un-intentional were due to
ignorance or not being aware of the sin.
'Or if a
person touches any unclean thing, whether it is the carcass of an
unclean beast, or the carcass of unclean livestock, or the carcass
of unclean creeping things, and he is unaware of it, he also shall
be unclean and guilty.
other type of sin one of intent, to intentionally go away from the
path, to wander from the right way, such as by lying or stealing.
Priest was also a sinner, he was not above the sins of the people
but was subject to the very same sins. Aaron’s two sons Nadab and
Abihu, who along with Moses and Aaron and the 70 elders of
approached God on the mountain (Exodus 24:9), were later killed
before the Lord for intentional disobedience of the Law. (Leviticus
10) Aaron in his role of High Priest was not allowed to mourn for
the death of his sons.
He is required:
of his sin, the High Priest was also required to offer sacrifices
for himself as well as for the people.
Moses said to Aaron, "Go to the altar, offer your sin offering and
your burnt offering, and make atonement for yourself and for the
people. Offer the offering of the people, and make atonement for
them, as the Lord commanded."
Called by God:
and his sons were appointed by God to the role of Priesthood.
The story of Korah,
Dathan and Abiram (Numbers 16) demonstrated God did not tolerate
self-appointments or rebellion. Korah, a Levite, along Dathan and
Abiram, Reubenites, rebelled against Aaron being assigned the
Priesthood. They designated themselves priest also, God demonstrated
his choice by allowing the ground to open and swallow the rebels and
the ground to cover them up. Fire then fell on the 250 people who
tried to assume the role of priesthood.
The Order of Melchizedek
5 So also Christ did
not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to
Him: "You are My Son, Today I have begotten You."
6 As He also says in
another place: "You are a priest forever According to the order of
7 who, in the days
of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and supplications, with
vehement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death,
and was heard because of His godly fear,
8 though He was a
Son, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered.
9 And having been
perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey
10 called by God as
High Priest "according to the order of Melchizedek,"
You are My Son:
from Psalm 2:7, The writer of Hebrews distinguishes Jesus from
Aaron. Jesus was not just a “Son of Man”, but also “Son of God”.
Christ took the title “Son of God” at the incarnation. He was sent
from God the Father, to fulfill the role which no human priest could
have begotten You:
Jesus is the “Only begotten” which means his incarnation is
unique, God took on Human flesh, not in appearance only but in
reality. Only through human flesh could the Messiah represent man to
Messiah has the dual roles of “Priest” and “King”. The Messiah
would rule forever as King of Humanity as foretold by the prophets.
(Isaiah 9:6-7, Daniel 7:14, Zechariah 14:16). Messiah would also be
a Priest forever, representing Man to God, as he bears our sins.
Melchizedek is mentioned 14 times in the Bible, and only 2 times in
the Old Testament. (Genesis 14:18, Psalm 110:4). Melchizedek is
another foreshadowing of the role of the Messiah. He demonstrates a
greater “Priesthood” then Aaron’s. The greater priesthood
foreshadows a greater covenant (Jeremiah 31:31)
18 Then Melchizedek king of
Salem brought out
bread and wine; he was the priest of God Most High. 19 And he
blessed him and said: "Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Possessor
of heaven and earth; 20 And blessed be God Most High, Who has
delivered your enemies into your hand." And he gave him a tithe of
offered tithes to Melchizedek
Christ and rejoiced at his day. (John 8:54-59)
Priest in Jerusalem
was both the King and Priest of Salem, (Jerusalem.)
both King and Priest of Jerusalem. Jesus was presented as
King from birth to death. He prayed and interceded for the
return as both King and Priest.
27:37, Matthew 23:37-39,
offered bread, to Abraham after his victories of the
offered himself as the bread of life to Abraham’s
descendents. (John 6:33,53-58, Luke 22:19)
offered wine to Abraham.
offered his blood as wine to Abraham’s offspring (John 6:55,
was greater then Abraham, because he received Abraham’s
offering for God.
greater then Abraham (John
blessed by Messiah (John
for Jerusalem is Pease (Salem). Melchizedek is King of Peace
One of the
titles for Messiah is Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6). Christ
as King of Jerusalem fulfills the foreshadowing of
Melchizedek. (Zechariah 14)
Days of flesh:
took on human flesh in humility for 33 years, prior to and during
his days of flesh He was fully God. (Philippians 2:6-9)
Christ during his earthly life interceded for mankind,
at the grave of Lazarus Christ cried, (John
11:35) before his
dead body came back to life. Jesus at anytime could stopped the
whole program, but choose to suffer for humanities sake. He
submitted His will to the Father’s. Offering Himself, as our
sacrifice, He redeemed us from our sins and became our intercessor.
38 Then He said to them, "My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to
death. Stay here and watch with Me."
39 He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, "O
My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me;
nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will."
the priesthood of Aaron was heard because of His own righteousness.
Christ won the right through His righteousness to be heard, as our
He was a Son:
though Jesus was the Son of God, in his humiliation he was tempted
and suffered like the rest of humanity. No aspect of humanity was
withheld from Him, except he was without sin, (Hebrews 4:15) God
went through all aspects of Humanity, including growing in wisdom
52And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.
work translated perfected is
complete, that is, (literally) accomplish, or
(figuratively) consummate (in character):—consecrate, finish,
fulfill, (make) perfect. Jesus did not come to abolish the law but
to complete or perfect the law, to consummate its purpose. (Matthew
18For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away,
one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is
fulfilled. 19Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of
these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the
kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he
shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20For I
say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds the
righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means
enter the kingdom of heaven.
Author of eternal
there is no redemption for sin, only through the righteousness of
Jesus Christ can man be saved. He perfected (Completed) the law,
which foreshadowed his coming. Thus, He became the “Cause” or
author of salvation.
The road to
Heaven is straight and narrow; just as in the days of Moses God
required obedience to his “Way”. We do not have the option of
rejecting Christ or choosing to our own form or variety of
salvation. There is only His way.
7:22 "Many will
say to Me in that day, 'Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your
name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your
7:23 "And then I
will declare to them, 'I never knew you; depart from Me, you who
Joh 6:28 Then
they said to Him, "What shall we do, that we may work the works of
Joh 6:29 Jesus
answered and said to them, "This is the work of God, that you
believe in Him whom He sent."
We are saved
through a relationship with Christ, be accepting and believing in
Him we attain salvation.
Staying Babes in Salvation
11 of whom we have
much to say, and hard to explain, since you have become dull of
12 For though by
this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you
again the first principles of the oracles of God; and you have come
to need milk and not solid food.
13 For everyone who
partakes only of milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, for
he is a babe.
14 But solid food
belongs to those who are of full age, that is, those who by reason
of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
The writer of
Hebrews, is frustrated with the spiritual growth of his readers, He
has more to say about Melchizedek, the Jewish believers are stagnant
in their ability to understand deeper teachings.
Hard to explain:
ability to understand deeper Christian teaching corresponds to
spiritual maturity, through spiritual growth. Though the Hebrew
believers had accepted Christ, their growth was little if any. Some
question the salvation of those being addressed, because they are at
the first stage, being taught simple principles. But this group is
later referred to in Hebrews 6:9 as being saved.
beloved, we are confident of better things concerning you, yes,
things that accompany salvation, though we speak in this manner.
Become dull of
Those who fail
to grow become dull, only through continual use of God’s word do we
grow. Failure to advance in our walk, causes us to become dull or
lazy in hearing. Time is a commodity to all who live, we can
choose to invest our time in the spiritual or the earthly. The
spiritual yield an eternal reward but the earthly a temporary
reward. “Dull of hearing” was the problem Israel faced when Christ
came, they could not understand his message, except for some.
Mt 13:15 For the
hearts of this people have grown dull. Their ears are hard of
hearing, And their eyes they have closed, Lest they should see with
their eyes and hear with their ears, Lest they should understand
with their hearts and turn, So that I should heal them.'
Mt 13:16 "But
blessed are your eyes for they see, and your ears for they hear;
Mt 13:17 "for
assuredly, I say to you that many prophets and righteous men desired
to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear,
and did not hear it.
Christians had enough time since their conversion, to be teachers.
Teaching is the next step from conversion, to be able to teach
others is a gift, but also a step in spiritual growth.
women in John chapter 4, spent a little time with Jesus, but she
quickly used her limited knowledge of Christ to go and tell the
people of Sychar about the savior. She was teaching them about
Christ. She was yielding a harvest with limited knowledge but with
first principles referred to here are referenced in Hebrews 6:1-
principles of Christ
of repentance from dead works
laying on of
of the dead
There are different levels of growth in the Christian walk,
different levels of understanding. The writer of Hebrews is using
the picture of Human growth to illustrate this point. A child when
first born is unable to eat solid food, but needs to be fed milk by
the mother. Only when the child matures does he develop the ability
to eat solid food. Solid food requires spiritual maturity, the
product of growth.
Unskilled in the word:
If a Christian
can only consume milk after an extended period, then the Christian
remains a spiritual baby. The Christian should strive for spiritual
maturity, to go beyond first principles; the writer of Hebrews takes
his reader beyond first principles.
word for “full age” means (ôÝëåéïò
completeness brought to its end, wanting nothing.
Reason of use:
Wisdom from God is available to those who seek it. Daniel and his
three friends were not the only captives from Judah, but they are
the most prominent. God used Daniel because he made himself
available. God also equipped him for the job at hand. In the same
way, God will equip the believer, who wants to be used, even if
he/she does not feel they capable.
these four young men, God gave them knowledge and skill in all
literature and wisdom; and Daniel had understanding in all visions
Eph 1:17 that the
God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you
the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him,
Eph 1:18 the eyes
of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know what is
the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His
inheritance in the saints,.